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Morality Vocab Final Exam Quizlet - Theology
Terms in this set (83)
Our vocation as Christians, the goal of our existence. It is true blessedness or happiness that we experience partially here on earth and perfectly in Heaven.
The tendency of all human beings toward sin, as a result of Original Sin.
A solemn agreement between human beings or between God and a human being in which mutual commitments are made.
The gift from God that allows human beings to choose from among various actions, for which we are held accountable. It is the basis for moral responsibility.
The divine gift that gives us the ability to see and understand the order of things that God places within creation and to know and understand God through the created order.
The process by which God frees us from sin and sanctifies us.
God's reward to those who love him and follow Christ's Law of Love. To have merit is to be justified in the sight of God, free from sin and sanctified by his grace. We do not earn merit on our own. It is a free gift from God due to the grace of Christ in us.
The original state of human beings in their relationship with God, sharing in the divine life in full communion with him.
The state of complete harmony that our first parents had with their inner self, with each other, and with all of creation.
From the Latin origo, meaning "beginning" or "birth." The term has 2 meanings - (1) The sin of the first human beings, who disobeyed God's command by choosing to follow their own will and so lost their original holiness and became subject to death, (2) the fallen state of human nature that affects every person born into the world.
The work of salvation accomplished by Jesus Christ mainly through his life, Passion, death, Resurrection, and Ascension.
The pattern of specific salvific events in human history that reveal God's presence and saving actions.
To make holy sanctification is the process of becoming closer to God and growing in holiness, taking on the righteousness of Jesus Christ with the gift of sanctifying grace.
Our spiritual principle, it is immortal, and it is what makes us most like God. our soul is created by God, and he unites it with our physical body at the moment of conception. The soul is the seat of human consciousness and freedom.
The desire for revenge that prevents reconciliation. It is one of the 7 Capital Sins.
Seven sins that are particularly harmful because they lead to and reinforce other sins and vices. The seven are traditionally called pride, covetousness (greed), envy, anger (wrath), gluttony, lust, and sloth.
The specific conditions or facts affecting a moral decision. Circumstances can increase or decrease the goodness or evil of an action.
Social conditions that allow for all citizens of the earth, individuals and families, to meet basic needs and achieve fulfillment.
Adults preparing to receive Baptism, Confirmation, and the Eucharist at the Easter Vigil who have been affirmed by the Church in the rite of election on the first Sunday of Lent.
Resentment or sadness because of another person's good fortune. It is one of the Capital Sins and contrary to the Tenth Commandment.
Excessive eating and drinking; greedy or excessive indulgence. It is one of the Capital Sins.
The desire to accumulate earthly goods beyond what we need. It is one of the Capital Sins and contrary to the Tenth Commandment.
The intended outcome/goal of the person choosing the object when making a moral decision.
Intense and uncontrolled desire for sexual pleasure. It is one of the Capital Sins.
An action so contrary to the will of God that it results in a complete separation from God and his grace. As a consequence of that separation, the person is condemned to eternal death. For a sin to be a moral sin, three conditions must be met the act must involve grave matter, the person must have full knowledge of the evil of the act, and the person must give his or her full consent in committing the act.
In moral decision making, the object is the specific thing - an act, word, or thought - that is being chosen.
Believing one is better than others, often resulting in despising/disrespecting other people. It is one of the Capital Sins.
Rituals for the elect that are meant to "uncover, then heal, all that is weak, defective, or sinful in the hearts of the elct." It is celebrated on the third, fourth, and fifth Sundays of Lent.
Any deliberate offense, in thought, word, or deed, against the will of God. Sin wounds human nature and injures human solidarity. The Bible reveals sin as rebellion against God (Old Testament); missing the goal of living in harmony with God's Eternal Law (Old Testament); a trespass or transgression against God's Law (New Testament).
Sin of Commission
A sin that is the direct result of a freely chosen thought, word, or deed.
Sin of Omission
A sin that is the result of a failure to do something required by God's moral Law.
Habitual laziness; failing to put forth effort and take action. One of the Capital Sins.
The defense of human dignity by ensuring that essential human needs are met and that essential human rights are protected, to fight against social sin.
The collective effect of many personal sins over time, which corrupts society and its institutions by creating "structures of sin."
A less serious offense against the will of God that diminishes one's personal character and weakens but does not rupture one's relationship with God.
A practice or habit that leads a person to sin.
A habitual and firm disposition to do good.
The "interior voice" of a person, a God-given sense of the law of God. Moral conscience leads people to understand themselves as responsible for their actions, and prompts them to do good and avoid evil. To make good judgements, one needs to have a well-formed conscience.
An informed conscience is one that is education and developed through constant use and examination. It is a good conscience in action, meaning the person is able to see reality clearly, figure out the good, and know his/her own feelings and motives.
An erroneous conscience is one that is in error. It is when a person follows a process of diligent decision making, but unknowingly makes a wrong decision. It is a wrongly formed conscience.
A lax conscience is one that is ignored or underemployed. A person with a lax conscience doesn't face or think about the morality of the actions he/she performs. They feel too little guilty - an insensitivity to right and wrong.
FACTS (what it stands for)
Find the Facts.
Assess the Alternatives.
Consider the Consequences.
Think about God's Teachings.
Seek Spiritual Support.
The deliberate termination of a pregnancy by killing the unborn child - it is a grave sin and a crime against human life.
A direct action, or a deliberate lack of action, that causes the death of a person who is handicapped, sick, or dying. Euthanasia is a violation of the Fifth Commandment against killing.
A severe penalty the Church imposes on a Catholic who has committed a grave sin or offense against canon law in which the person is banned from celebrating or receiving the Sacraments. The Church imposes excommunication in the hope that the sinner will repent and be reconciled with God and the Church.
Genetic Engineering: The manipulation of an ovum or fetus's genetic coding.
War involves many evils, no matter the circumstances. A war is only just and permissible when it meets strict criteria in protecting citizens from an unjust aggressor.
The teaching that limited violence is morally acceptable in defending yourself or your nation from an attack.
Testing the embryo or fetus for diseases or birth defects while it is still in the womb.
An action or attitude - or the failure to act - that leads another person into sin.
Unique cells that have the potential to reproduce themselves as different human tissues and organs.
Deliberately taking one's own life. It is a serious violation of the Fifth Commandment for it is God's will that we preserve our own lives.
Sexual activity between 2 persons, at least one of whom is married to another. Prohibited by the Sixth Commandment.
The declaration by the Church that a marriage is null + void, that is, it never existed as a sacramental union. Catholics who divorce must have the marriage annulled by the Church to be free to marry once again in the Church.
The process by which a man's sperm and a woman's egg are united in a manner other than natural sexual intercourse. In the narrowest sense, it means injecting sperm into a woman's cervical canal. The procedure is morally wrong because it separates intercourse from the act of procreation.
The virtue by which people are able to successfully and healthfully integrate their sexuality into their total person; recognized as one of the fruits of the Holy Spirit. Also, one of the vows of the consecrated life.
When a man and woman live together as if they were husband and wife without actually being married.
The deliberate attempt to interfere with the creation of new life as a result of sexual intercourse. I tis morally wrong because a married couple must remain open to procreation whenever they engage in sexual intercourse.
Sexual intercourse between a man and a woman who are not married. It is morally wrong to engage in intercourse before marriage, a sin against the Sixth Commandment.
As a theological term, something related to the power of producing new life.
In Vitro Fertilization
The fertilization of a woman's ovum (egg) with a man's sperm outside her body. The fertilized egg is transferred to the woman's uterus. The church considers the process to be a moral violation of the dignity of procreation.
Intense and uncontrolled desire for sexual pleasure. It is one of the seven Capital Sins.
The virtue of showing respect for one's own sexuality and the sexuality of others in our words, dress, and actions.
Natural Family Planning (NFP)
A natural method of spacing the birth of children in marriage, practiced by recognizing the wife's fertile period and engaging in chaste abstinence from sexual relations during that time.
Something related to marriage or a marriage ceremony.
Having more than one spouse, an act contrary to the dignity of Marriage.
A written description/visual portrayal of a person or action that is created or viewed with the intention of stimulating sexual feelings. Creating or using pornography is a sin against the Sixth and Ninth Commandments.
The act of providing sexual services in exchange for money, drugs, or other goods. It is a serious social evil and a sin against the Sixth Commandment.
Purity of Heart
The Beatitude that enables us to see the human body - ours and others' - as a manifestation of God's beauty.
A state of being achieved by chastity and purity of heart; in this state there is nothing that divides you. Your inner and outer lives are united in respecting God's gift of sexuality.
A medical process in which a woman becomes pregnant through artificial means and delivers a child for someone else. She may or may not be the child's biological mother. The procedure is morally wrong because it separates intercourse from the act of procreation and pregnancy.
The cardinal virtue by which one moderates his or her appetites and passions to achieve balance in the use of created goods.
The name given to the official body of laws which provide good order in the visible body of the Church.
A popular summary, usually in book form, of Catholic doctrine about faith and morals and commonly intended for use within formal programs of catechesis.
The order in creation that reflects God's will and purpose, it is eternal because it is always true and never changes. All other types of law have their basis in Eternal Law and are only true if they reflect the truth of Eternal Law.
1. Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with thy whole heart, and with thy whole soul, and with thy whole mind, and with thy whole strength;
2. Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself.
The Gift of the Holy Spirit to the whole Church by which the leaders of the Church - the Pope and the bishops in union with him - are protected from fundamental error when formulating a specific teaching on a matter of faith and morals.
The Church's living teaching office, which consists of all bishops, in communion with the Pope.
The moral law is established by God and is a rational expression of eternal law. Moral law reflects God's wisdom it is the teaching that leads us to the blessed life he wants for us.
The moral law that can be understood through the use of reason. It is our God-given ability to understand what it means to be in right relationship with God, other people, the world, and ourselves. The basis for natural law is our participation in God's wisdom and goodness because we are created in the divine likeness.
Divine Law revealed in the New Testament through the life and teaching of Jesus Christ and through the witness and teaching of the Apostles. The New Law perfects the Old Law and brings it to fulfillment. Also called the Law of Love.
Divine Law revealed in the Old Testament, summarized in the Ten Commandments. Also called the Law of Moses. It contrasts with the New Law of the Gospels.
Precepts of the Church
Sometimes called the commandments of the Church, these are basic obligations for all Catholics that are dictated by the laws of the Church.
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