Chapter 20 Civics Review
Terms in this set (85)
A youth who is convicted of a crime
A youth who is found guilty of running away, truancy, or disobedience
True or False: The goal is to punish the juvenile delinquents for doing wrong.
False: the goal is to help juveniles
If a youth is thought to of broken a law what must they do?
Appear before a judge/appear in a juvenile court
Does a juvenile have to appear in court if they have run away, disobeyed, or skipped school without permission
True/ False: When a juvenile is arrested the police decides what to do with them
What are 3 things that the police could do when they arrest a juvenile?
Returned to parents, their case is given to a social service agency, or if they have a record, they are taken to juvenile hall
What does the judge do in the Initial Hearing?
Decides if there is a probable cause and enough evidence
The adjudicatory hearing is..
Not public and there is no jury
Which hearing does the judge decide the sentence considering the school situation, family, and past record?
A juvenile is given what when they are paroled?
Three arguments about juvenile court system.
Argue about overworked judges, easy decisions without enough information, and others think they should go to the criminal justice system
Who help juveniles have better behavior?
Psychologist and social workers
True/False: a juvenile can be tried as an adult depending on the crime
What are the 5 types of crime?
Crimes against people, crimes against property, crimes against the government, white collar crimes, and victimless crimes
Most crime is committed where?
Acts that threaten, hurt, or end a persons life
Crimes against people
3 examples of crimes against people
Murder, Rape, Assault
When a killing is intentional and the criminal has no legally recognized excuse
Not intentional killing or killing in a spur of anger
True/False: Killing someone for self defense is a crime
Which crimes occur most often?
Crimes against property
What are the three types of stealing
Larceny, robbery, burglary
Which crime is a crime both against people and property
2 other examples of crimes against property
Vandalism and arson
Nonviolent crimes usually committed by office workers for personal or business gain
White collar crimes
Taking someones property or money by cheating and lying
Stealing money that has been entrusted in your care
Two situations in which you would be committing a white collar crime.
Stealing company secrets & not paying taxes
Acts that hurt the people committing them
Gambling and drug use are examples of what type of crime?
Placing someone in fear without physical contact
Assault when physical contact with a weapon or a foot occurs
When a person breaks Into a building and plans on doing something illegal inside
The betrayal of news country by helping its enemies or making war against it
When people or a group of people use or say they will use violence in order to get what they want from society or the government
List all of the causes of crimes:
Poverty, social change and changing values, poor parenting, permissive courts, drug use/mental illness, money for police, violence in the media
A good reason to believe a suspect has been involved in a crime
A legal paper issued by the court giving police permission to make an arrest, seizure, or search
Money that the defendant gives the court as a kind of promise that he or she will appear at court
A formal charge against the accused or refuse to indict
A court hearing in which the defendant is formally charged with a crime and enters a plea of guilty, not guilty, or no contest
Agreeing to plead guilty in exchange for a lesser charge or lighter sentence
Letting an inmate go free allowing them to serve the rest of their sentence out of jail
In a misdemeanor or felony may enter a ______________ which is when the suspect doesn't admit to the crime but accepts the punishment
Plea of no contest
The grand jury reviews what cases?
Serious federal crimes
True/False: grand jury acts as a check for the government
If the judge decides the key evidence can't be used what happens?
Prosecution must drop charges
After the indictment lawyers from both sides make ___________to decide what?
Pretrial motions; what evidence can be used in court
True/False: Most criminal cases don't go to court
Why don't most criminal cases go to court?
Because most criminals plead guilty
What is the first step of the trial?
Both sides have the right to dismiss certain people from the jury pool in order to insure a ____________ group.
Trial must be:
Speedy and public
Defendant has the right to what?
A witness and to question a witness
Which statements are the most important in trial?
Statements given by the witness
Attorneys make what at the end of the trial?
Who decides whether the defendant is innocent or guilty
If the defendant is found guilty what happens next
How the criminal is punished
True/False: sentencing is always done by the judge
False depending on the case whether it is federal or state
What does the judge consider for sentencing?
Severity of the crime, criminal record, age and attitude of the offender
True/False: Law sets minimum/maximum sentence for each crime
In the correctional system the defendant may be sentenced to:
Community treatment program, jail, or prison
Difference between jail and prison:
Jail is short term and local; prison is long term and run by the state or federal government
People in prison are referred to as what?
An inmates sentence may be reduced for good behavior
_____________ decides whether to let the inmate go before his or her sentence ends
Preventing crime by
Neighborhood watch programs
What is the root of crime?
Poverty and social problems
True/False: Some people believe we should be tougher on criminals
True/False: Many people favor the death penalty
Process of trying to teach inmates how to live productive lives when they get released
____________ protects society against people who have broken the law.
Criminal Justice System
True/False: Criminal justice System protects the rights of the accused
Police must have two things to arrest someone what are those two things?
Probable cause and a warrant
What's it called when the police says "you have the right to remain silent, you have the right to a lawyer"
Case is given to who when the criminal is arrested?
True/False: suspect must appear in court
True/False: Suspect is called the plaintiff
What is the defendants lawyer called?
True/False: Grand jury may indict the defendant
True/False: Judge sets bail
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