Terms in this set (11)
What are 2 problems of free will?
determinism is one of the problems because it states that some universe(law) in nature sets things in motion which means then that there isn't free will.
The other is with moral responsibility, this means that people are held morally responsible for their actions.
Explain Dennett's objection to the experiment
Dennett argues that free will is not real with the supernatural and neurons. there isn't a place in the brain where physical activity where this occurs or were it makes the social quality of subjectivity
According to Wegner, what causes the experience of will?
free will is caused when the thought occurs before the action and remains constant. it can't also be presented with other causes
Describe Libet's experiment. What three things did he measure and how?
he measured the readiness potential and the persons will, he concluded that consciousness comes too late to be the cause of the action. he measured the start of the action itself, start of the brain activity leading to the action and the decision to act
List three methodological criticisms of Libet's experiment
wood criticized libel for his unstated dualist assumptions. danto with the metaphysical hysteria and nelson with the double dualism.
What was Libet's own interpretation of his results? Give one other interpretation.
he states that with morality and matter of conscious, people can be expected o behave well. even though we can't control our impulses to do a bad action, we can still be held responsible for consciously giving in
What does a frog see?
The frog's eye tells the frog's brain just what it needs to know and no more. bug detectors respond specifically to small moving objects, not to large moving ones or still small ones, and direct the frog's tongue to catch flies.If the fly does not move, the frog does not see it.
Which animals can recognise themselves in a mirror? What does this tell us about self consciousness?
(oChimpanzee (after 2 years old)
oCorvids (small brain) - the brain compared to the brain is actually very large
oNot gorillas (except coco), monkeys)
•This tell us that they may have social intelligence and are capable of insight and imitation
•Gallup (1998) chimp have MSE And concept of and awareness of self
•Provinellli - have awareness of self but not aware of their own psychological states.
Which species are capable of imitation? What implications does this have for consciousness?
(o14th months infants
oThorndike "Learning to do an act from seeng it alone"
oDolphin, whales, and bird imitate songs)
•This may show us that they are self aware, but we cannot necessarily prove that they have theory of mind
-simon and chabris experiment
-daniel and levin wanted to know wether attention is necessary sufficient (concluded that even when we attend to an object we may not form a rich representation that is preserved from 1 view to the next
-they also did a different study with college students (door switching people to see if they notice)
-serious implications: effects with drivers and pilots using a phone whole driving.
-inattentional blindness is a persons own attentional goals, it is hard to see something that is truly unanticipated
explain how natural selection works. List three or more phrases that describe the process
Natural selection is the principle of preservation (referring to the preservation of genes by passing it on to one's offspring, for example), survival of the fittest, and is enabled with mutation, genetic drift, gene flow and sexual selection