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Chapter 5 Flashcards
Major Works of Art/ Vocabulary
Terms in this set (36)
A large wide-mouthed bowl for mixing wine and water from Ancient Greece.
A triangular gable found over major architectural elements such as Classical Greek temples or monuments.
The principle or main room in a temple or church. In ancient architecture, the cella. In a Byzantine church, the nave and sanctuary.
The enclosed vestibule of a Greek temple, found in front of the cella (naos) and marked by a row of columns at the entrance. Basically, its the space, or porch, in front of the cella, or naos, of an ancient Greek temple.
Black Figure Pottery
A style or technique of ancient Greek pottery in which black figures are painted on a red background. These figures are painted on terra-cotta, and are associated with the Golden Age of Greece.
Red Figure Pottery
The background is glazed black so that figures stand out in terra-cotta. Developed in Athens (ca. 530 BC) and remained in use until the late 3rd cent. BC. Replaced the old dominant style of Black-figure vase painting within a few decades.
The uppermost course of the platform of a Greek temple, which supports the columns. In classical architecture, it's the stone foundations that a temple colonnade stands on.
The Doric order was one of the three orders or organizational systems of Ancient Greek or classical architecture. In their original Greek version, Doric columns stood directly on the flat pavement (the stylobate) of a temple without a base. Also, their vertical shafts were fluted with parallel concave grooves; and they were topped by a smooth capital that flared from the column to meet a square abacus at the intersection with the horizontal beam ("entablature") that they carried.
One of the three main styles of Greek architecture. The column is slender and finely fluted; its capital is in the shape of a scroll. The main difference from Doric is that curl at the top.
One of the three main styles of Greek architecture. It is slender and fluted; the capital incorporates sculpted leaves. The leaves tell it apart from Doric and Ionic.
Panel between the triglyphs in a Doric frieze, often sculpted in relief. The space between the three lines that stick out.
A triple projecting, grooved member of a doric frieze that alternates with metopes (the spaces between each).
A female figure that functions as a supporting column. This is totally different from the columns of Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian styles.
An Archaic Greek statue of a standing, draped female. The Kore refers to it being female and clothed.
Greek word for "male youth." An Archaic Greek statue of a standing, nude youth. Refers to it being male and nude.
The disposition of the human figure in which one part is turned in opposition to another part (usually hips and legs one way, shoulders and chest another), creating a counterpositioning of the body about its central axis. Sometimes called "weight shift" because the weight of the body tends to be thrown to one foot, creating tension on one side and relaxation on the other. This shows an unrealistic view of the human body that has influenced art since then.
Sculpted by Myron. Represents athletic ideal and virility
part of pentathletes: those types were considered to have the ideal bodies man was created in likeness of God therefore the human body was an art form and had to be worshiped: these athletes competed naked. Made of Marble and a roman copy of the original in bronze of 450 BCE.
Sanctuary of Apollo
Delphi, 6th‐3rd century BCE (fig.5-‐2), The sacred temple to the god Apollo. The Oracle Pythia, would fall into a trans. Possessed by the god to be the intermediary of the for the gods and the people.
Found in the Dipylon Cemetary, Athens. (750-700 BCE) Attributed to the Hirschfeld Workshop. Made of ceramic. It's a vase with a hole placed at the bottom for a libation (a liquid used as a sacrifice to a deity) so it could seep out into the ground.
Corinth, (600 BCE) Ceramic with black- with figure decoration. A container with a handle and spout or lip for holding and pouring liquids.
Temple of Hera 1
Found in Paestum and Hera II, Italy, (550-540 BCE - Hera I) (470-‐460BCE - Hera II). Archaic, Doric order, goddess of marriage and wife of Zeus, a public meeting place. (In Italy but it's Greek because the Greeks used to live in that area of Italy).
Cemetery at Anavysos, (530BCE) Marble with remnants of paint. Found in National Archeological Museum, Athens. Marble kouros that was a grave for a fallen warrior.
Death of Sarpedon
Euphromios (painter) and Euxitheos (potter). (515 BCE) Red-figure decoration on a calyx krater, Made of ceramic. Depicts the death of a Trojan warrior.
Spear Bearer (Doryphoros)
Copy of original bronze (450-‐440 BCE) Made of marble. Sculpted by Polykleito.
Shows the artists' vision of the ideal male athlete/warrior, which was also nude. Polykleitos used Pythagorean theorem to make the perfect statue.
from the Acropolis in Athens, (480 BCE). Sculpture marks the moment when Greece moved into the Classical Period. Represents a turning point between Greek culture during the Persian Wars and culture after the Persians were defeated. , Sculpted by Kritos and represents Greek realism.
From the Sanctuary of Apollo at Delphi. (470 BCE) Made of bronze, copper (lips and lashes). Early classical era. All that remains of a large group of bronze sculptures team of horses and soldiers. He's clothed.
Found in the sea off Riace, Italy. (460-450 BCE) Shows experienced warrior, copper in lips, glass in eyes. In this art, strength and triumph was demonstrated after their win over the Persians.
The temple of (to honor her) Athena, Parthenon on the Acropolis at Athens, completed c438 b.c. by Ictinus and Callicrates and decorated by Phidias: regarded as the finest Doric temple. Made of Pantelic marble.
A temple to Athena and Poseidon. It is Ionic. This is said to be where Athena and Posiden had their great battle over being the patron god of the Athens. (430-406 BCE) Also on the Acropolis.
Women and Maid
Style of Achilles the Painter (450-440 BCE) White-ground lekythos. Made of ceramic with additional painting in tempera. Its a vase.
Hermes and the Infant Dionysos
Probably a Hellenistic or Roman copy after a late Classical 4th century BCE original. Made of marble, with remnants of red paint on the lips and hair. Found in the Archaeological Museum, Olympia.
Alexander the Great Confronts Darius III at the Battle of Issos
Floor mosaic found in Pompeii, Italy. 1st century CE of Roman copy of a Greek wall painting of c. 310 BCE. Dramatic narrative.
An outdoor place where entertaining theatrical performances or communal expression of religion took place through dance, music, and poetry. 4th century BCE. At Epidauros.
Dying Gallic Trumpeteer
Shows the slow demise of a wounded soldier-trumpeteer. Roman copy after the original bronze of c. 220 BCE. Made of Marble. Capitoline Museum, Rome.
Nike of Samothrace
Greek sculpture. (180 BCE) Religious; honored Greek-goddess Nike and a sea battle (Rhodian Triumph?), symbol of Winged Victory, the space around her become important parts of the sculpture itself because of the way it was created. Hellenistic Period. Made of Marble. Found in the Louvre in Paris.
Aphrodite of Melos (Venus de Milo)
(150-120 BCE) In order to depict god of love: Melos means "apple island", and the most famous story is: Left hand probably holding an apple, thus the most beautiful goddess (according to legend). The right hand stopping the drapery which already reveals a little bit: thus more sensual compared to the Knidos. (Classical/ Hellenistic art). Erotic tension. Made of Marble. Found in the Louvre Museum in Paris.