34 terms

Chapter 5 - The Constitutional Convention

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bicameral
Two-house legislature.
Great Compromise
Compromise made by Constitutional Convention in which states would have equal representation in one house of the legislature and representation based on population in the other house
Three-Fifths Compromise
The agreement that counted each slave as three fifths of a person when a state's population was calculated.
George Washington
Presiding officer of the Constitutional Convention.
James Madison
Known as the "Father of the Constitution."
Virginia Plan
James Madison's plan of government, in which states got a number of representatives in Congress based on their population
New Jersey Plan
The proposal at the Constitutional Convention that called for equal representation of each state in Congress regardless of the state's population
Roger Sherman
Delegate from Connecticut whose proposal became the Great Compromise.
Philadelphia
City that hosted the Constitutional Convention.
Independence Hall
Building, formerly called the Pennsylvania State House, where the Declaration of Independence was signed. It hosted the Constitutional Convention.
Montesquieu
French political philosopher who advocated the separation of executive and legislative and judicial powers (1689-1755)
Benjamin Franklin
The oldest delegate at the Constitutional Convention.
ratify
approve
Federalists
They were supporters of the Constitution and they favored a strong federal (national) government.
Anti-Federalists
They were opponents of the Constitution.
Bill of Rights
Anti-Federalists were opposed to the Constitution because it did not include this.
The Federalist
Essays arguing for the new Constitution. They were written by James Madison, John Jay, and Alexander Hamilton
Delaware
First state to ratify the Constitution.
Preamble
Lists the six goals of our government.
Article I
The Legislative Branch
Article II
The Executive Branch
Article III
The Judicial Branch
federalism
The division of power between the states and the federal (national) government.
concurrent powers
Powers that are shared by both the federal and state governments
reserved powers
Powers given to the state government alone
checks and balances
The system that gives each branch of government ways to limit the power of the other two.
impeach
To accuse
Regulate marriages
A power given to the state governments
Maintain an army and a navy
A power given to the national government
framers
The name given to the delegates because they shaped our form of government.
Rhode Island
The only state not to attend the Constitutional Convention.
suffrage
The right to vote
unicameral
One-house legislature
seven
Number of articles in the Constitution.