Chapter 10 Life Science
Terms in this set (52)
What is a framework that shapes and supports an animal, protects its internal organs, and allows it to move in its environment?
Exoskeleton and Endoskeleton
What are two types of skeletal systems that have hard parts?
Fluid-filled cavities that make up the skeleton
What type of skeletons lack hard parts?
What is the process of shedding an outgrown exoskeleton and producing a new one?
What is a type of connective tissue that is more flexible than bone and that protects the ends of bones and keeps them from rubbing together?
What are the places in the body where two bones come together?
What are muscles attached to?
Muscles always come in ___________.
When one muscle contracts, another one _______________.
What is an organized grouping of neurons in the head of an animal with bilateral symmetry?
Find food, defend and protect themselves, maintain homeostasis, and find a mate
Why do animals move?
Water vascular system
How do sea stars move?
A consumer that obtains energy by eating only animals.
What are carnivores?
A consumer that obtains energy by eating both plants and animals.
What are omnivores?
A consumer that obtains energy by eating only plants.
What are herbivores?
What type of digestion occurs inside the cells?
What type of digestion occurs outside the cells?
What is the process in which oxygen and glucose undergo a complex series of chemical reactions inside cells, releasing energy?
What gas is a waste product from cellular respiration?
What system do gills, lungs, and skin make up in animals?
What are sac-like structures made up of a thin layer of cells where gases are exchanged between air and blood?
Open circulatory system
What type of circulatory system involves blood circulating outside the vessels?
Closed circulatory system
What type of circulatory system involves blood circulating only in vessels?
Food particles, oxygen, water, and wastes
What materials are exchanged between cells through the blood?
What is the reproductive process that involves only one parent and produces offspring that are genetically identical to the parent?
How do most vertebrates including mammals, and most invertebrates reproduce?
What is the immature form of an animal that looks very different from the adult?
What is the type of fertilization that occurs outside the female body?
What is the type of fertilization that occurs inside the female's body?
It keeps the sperm and egg from drying out during external fertilization.
Why do fish, amphibians, and aquatic invertebrates lay eggs in the water?
What type of fertilization (external or internal) do most mammals exhibit?
What is the length of time between fertilization and birth called?
What animal has the shortest gestation period?
What animal has the longest gestation period?
What do many fishes, reptiles, and birds lay?
The egg provides all the ________________ that the growing organism needs.
What is a mammal that develops inside its mother's body until its body systems can function independently?
What is a process in which an animal's body undergoes major changes in shape and form during its life cycle?
Most crustaceans begin their lives as _____________.
What type of metamorphosis has four distinct stages: egg, larva, pupa, and adult?
What type of metamorphosis involves three stages: egg, nymph, and adult?
What is the stage of incomplete metamorphosis that usually resembles the adult insect?
What is the larva of a frog called?
Do most amphibians and reptile care for their young?
What is the reproductive process that involves two parents that combine their genetic material to produce a new organism which differs from both parents?
Most mammals and birds
What type of animals care for their young?
What are nerve cells that detect stimuli?
What are nerve cells that pass information between neurons?
What are nerve cells that carry response information to muscles and other organs?
What is another name for a nerve cell?
What is a message that is passed between neurons?
Eyes, ears, nose, and mouth are examples of _______________ organs located on the head of a complex organism.
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