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55 terms

Unit 1

Ch. 1 Ch.2 section 1 and 2
STUDY
PLAY
jamestown
first colony in virginia
pilgrims
created mayflower compact. settled in cape cod
southern colonies
relied on slaves. george calvert -> catholic toleration
william penn
founded pennsylvania ->religious toleration, against war
bacon's rebellion
wanted to move more west past Appalachian mountains. bacon dies and rebellion dies with him
triangular trade
developed by colonial merchants. exchanges goods among the colonies, england, africa, Caribbean sugar planters.
glorious revolution
to prevent catholic dynasty, parliament made james and mary rule
yorktown
last battle in the revolutionary war
articles of confederation
first government for newly freed colonists
federalist
pro-constitution
anti-federalist
against constitution
eli witney
invented cotton gin and others
john c calhoun
proposed the second bank of the us
era of good feeling
nationalism swept the us. us became a whole after 1812
enumerated powers
powers specifically mentioned in the constitution
implied powers
powers not mentioned in the constitution but necessary for the good of the people
louisiana purchase
bought from france, specifically napoleon, for 11.5 million doubled the us in size
tariff of 1816
taxed imported goods to help manufacturers. new england shippers and southern farmers opposed tariffs
war of 1812
british seized american ships, congress already declared war. no official winner
jean jacques rousseau
wrote social contract. argued gov should be formed by people and people make their own laws
baron Montesquieu
wrote spirit of laws. made three branches: executive, judicial, legislative
lord baltimore
owner of maryland, refuge for catholics, religious toleration
mayflower compact
a plan for self government set up by pilgrims
house of burgesses
makes the laws and levy taxes
new england colonies
puritans, relied of subsistence farming
middle colonies
dutch, founded by henry hudson, encouraged migration, called Netherlands establishes new amsterdam on manhattan island
indentured servants
europeans who signed a contract with americans in order to work for room and board
navigation acts
all goods too and from colonies to be carried on english ships. major colonies could only sell to england or other english colonies
immigration
came from all over europe
enlightenment
1600s-1700s philosophers. physical world and human nature -> could figure out with reason and logic
great awakening
priests jonathan edwards and george whitefield renew christian faith, more traditional churches lost members
john locke
wrote 2 treasies of government and human understanding
boston masacre
crowd of colonists began taunting the british and they set fire to the colonists
committees of correspondence
suggested by thomas jefferson for a jury to communicate with one another and coordinate strategy
lexington
on the way to concord 70 minutemen 8 dead 10 wounded
concord
british head here. attacked by colonial men and farmers. trapped in boston
monroe doctrine
president declared european countries could not claim us land
industrial revolution
business booming, manufacturers start selling abroad
mcCulloch vs. maryland
supreme court ruling: states had no right to interfere with federal institutions within their borders; strengthened federal power
federation
power divided between federal and national gov and state gov
bill of rights
10 rights for american citizens
madison vs. marbury
establishes judicial review
sugar act
put a tax on tea and new taxes on trade
boston tea party
colonists mad at england for taxing tea so they dump all of the tea into the port
french and indian war
vs. england british wins
treaty of paris
agreement signed by British and American leaders that stated the United States of America was a free and independent country
thomas jefferson
bought louisiana purchase
townshed acts
english puts taxes on all imports
stamp act
A tax that the British Pariliament placed on newspapers and official documents sold in the American Colonies
stamp act congress
group of colonists who protested the Stamp Act, saying that Parliament couldn't tax without colonist' consent
proclamation act of 1763
bans colonists from settling west of the appalacian mountains
benjamin franklin
American intellectual, inventor, and politician He helped to negotiate French support for the American Revolution.
intolerable acts
colonists boycott british goods
north west ordinance
governing new lands west of the appalacian mountains and north of the ohio river.
great compromise
roger sherman wrote this