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77 terms

CONNECTIVE TISSUE QUIZ

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Blood
description: contains formed elements (cells - rbc, wbc, and platelets and fragments) in a watery ground substance (plasma)
Blood
function: transport and protection
Blood
location: veins, arteries, and capillaries
Hyaline Cartilage
description: most common; matrix contains least amount of collagen fibers; tough but somewhat flexible
Hyaline Cartilage
Location: end of long bones, nasal passage, larynx, rings of trachea and bronchi, fetal skeleton, costal cartilages (between ribs and sternum)
Hyaline Cartilage
function: stiff but somewhat flexible support, cushioning/reduces friction
Elastic Cartilage
description:made up of numerous elastic fibers; extremely resilient and flexible
Elastic Cartilage
function: epiglottis, outer ear (pinna), eustachian tubes, tip of nose
Elastic Cartilage
location: intervertebral disks, symphysis pubis
Fibrocartilage
description: matrix dominated by collagenous tissue that is densely interwoven; little ground substance
fibrocartilage
location: intervertebral disks, symphysis pubis
fibrocartilage
function: firmest support, limits relative movement
Loose (areolar) connective tissue
description: "packing material"; most widespread connective tissue; contains all cells & fibers in an open framework; ground substance makes up most of volume
Loose (areolar) connective tissue
location: between tissues and organs. superficial fascia, under epithelial tissue
Loose (areolar) connective tissue
function: connection/support, immunity, and storage
Adipose connective tissue
description: contains fat cells (adipocytes) and has small amount of reticular matrix
Adipose connective tissue
location: bone marrow, under skin, padding in certain areas
Adipose connective tissue
function: protection (padding), insulation (maintains body temperature), & storage (potential fuel source)
Reticular connective tissue
description: 3-D web, reticular network
Reticular connective tissue
location: spleen, lymph nodes, bone marrow, liver
Reticular connective tissue
function: support (makes framework of spleen, lymph nodes, bone marrow & blood vessels), makes reticular fibers, & filters substances out of blood and lymph
What are the three types of connective tissues?
connective tissue proper, fluid connective tissue, and supporting connective tissues
What are the two types of connective tissue proper?
Loose and dense
What are the two types of fluid connective tissue?
blood and lymph
What are the two types of supporting connective tissue?
cartilage and bone
General Characteristic: very vascular because of blood supply (unlike epithelium)
true
General Characteristic: ratio of cells to fibers and consistency of matrix determine type
true
General Characteristic: do not appear on free surfaces (unlike epithelium)
true
General Characteristic:very few cells, mostly matrix (unlike epithelium)
true
What cell type is most abundant in connective tissues?
fibroblasts
What are the three types of fibers in connective tissues?
elastic, collagen, and reticular
What fills spaces, surrounds fibers, clear, colorless, and has the consistency of syrup?
ground substance
What fiber is somewhat branched?
elastic
What fiber is not branched?
collagen
What fiber is mostly branched?
reticular
Loose connective tissue can also be called?
areolar
What is a connective tissue mostly of collagen fibers that forms sheets under the skin and helps attach?
fascia
What connective tissue is used as insulation for warmth?
Adipose connective tissue
What connective tissue use to be loose areolar tissue?
Adipose connective tissue
What tissue can be found in the spleen?
Reticular connective tissue
What connective tissue can sometimes be yellow or sort of yellow?
Reticular connective tissue
What connective tissue tears when not stressed in the correct direction?
Dense Fibrous Regular connective tissue
What microscope slide will be is also called or sometimes called white fibrous?
Dense Fibrous Regular connective tissue
What connects bone to bone?
ligament
What attaches muscle to bone?
tendon
What connective tissue has fibers that are parallel?
Dense Fibrous Regular connective tissue
What connective tissue is also called human skin?
Dense Fibrous Irregular connective Tissue
What connective tissue is 4/5 of all skin tissue?
Dense Fibrous Irregular connective Tissue
What connective tissue can be stressed in many directions?
Dense Fibrous Irregular connective Tissue
What is the name of the protein that makes up fibers in elastic tissue?
elastin
What connective tissue can stretch but recoils?
Elastic connective tissue
What are the three blood formed elements?
red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets
What kind of supporting connective tissue is usually stained purple?
Hyaline cartilage
What is the most common type of cartilage?
Hyaline cartilage
What lives in small pockets in lacunae and is found in cartilage in matrix?
chondrocytes
This cartilage resembles hyaline cartilage but it also has elastic fibers...
Elastic cartilage
All cartilages have...
chondrocytes
Chondrocytes are in...
lacunae
What cartilage had densely packed collagen fibers?
Fibrocartilage
What cartilage had fibers that are in wavy lines?
fibrocartilage
What cartilage serves as a shock absorber?
fibrocartilage
What is the tissue that surrounds the external surface of all bones?
Compact bone tissue
Another name for the central canal is...
the haversion canal
What kind of tissue is always covered by compact bone?
Cancellous (spongy) bone
What kind of tissue is primarily bone marrow?
Cancellous (spongy) bone
What kind of tissue is found where bones are not heavily stressed?
Cancellous (spongy) bone
What tissue is referred to as an open network?
Cancellous (spongy) bone
what is a functional unit of the bone...
osteon
Dense Fibrous Regular Connective Tissue
function: connection
Dense Fibrous Regular Connective Tissue
description: bundles of collagenous fibers in parallel rows in a fluid matrix, few fibroblasts
Dense Fibrous Regular Connective Tissue
location: tendons, ligaments, aponeuroses
Dense Fibrous Irregular Connective Tissue
Description: dense bundle of collagen that go in an irregular pattern
Dense Fibrous Irregular Connective Tissue
function: connection, protection
Dense Fibrous Irregular Connective Tissue
location: thyroid, brain, dermis of skin
Elastic Connective Tissue
description: waves of elastic fibers oriented in parallel rows in a fluid matrix, few fibroblasts
Elastic Connective Tissue
function: flexible support
Elastic Connective Tissue
location: arteries, veins, erectile tissue, air cells of lungs (alveoli), certain ligaments