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Terms in this set (35)
Emphasis on a note or chord.
A very short ornamental note played just before a principal melodic note.
A chord which includes one or more non-standard notes, such as a 2nd or 6th above the root.
A low female or high male voice.
An upbeat. An accented note or group of notes that come before the first strong beat of a phrase.
Music that avoids keys or modes i.e. no one pitch stands our consistently in the way that the tonic does in tonal music.
An instrument in West Africa similar to a xylophone.
Phrases of the same length paired together, so that the first sounds like a question that is answered by the second phrase.
(1) The lowest male voice (2) the lowest-pitched line in a piece of music, on which the harmonies are based.
The beat in a piece of music is a regular pulse that we can clap along to. The number of beats in each bar is indicated by the time signature.
A note (usually the third, fifth or seventh degree of a major scale) performed at a slightly lower pitch than normal for expressive effect.
A style of music created by the rural African-American population in the southern states of America during the early 20th century.
In jazz and pop music, a short instrumental solo.
In jazz and pop music, a contrasting passage that connects two longer sections.
A chord in which the notes are played one after the other rather than at the same time.
Formed by the last two chords of a phrase, a type of musical punctuation.
Call and response
A pair of phrases, performed by different musicians, in which the second phrase is heard as a reply to the first. This term normally refers to jazz, pop and world music.
A musical structure in which the melody in one part is repeated exactly by other parts, while the original part continues with different music.
(1) The repeated refrain in a verse-chorus structure (2) a movement for whole choir in a large-scale choral work (such as an oratorio) (3) one statement of the 12 bar blues progression.
Notes that don't belong to the scale of the key the music is currently in. For example, B and D# are chromatic notes in the key of F major. Opposite of diatonic notes.
Circle of fifths
A harmonic progression in which the root of each succeeding chord is a 5th lower (or a 4th higher) than the previous one.
A symbol placed at the beginning of a line of music that defines what the pitches of the notes are.
A section of music that ends a piece.
A metre in which the main beat is sub-divided into three equal portions (e.g. a dotted-crotched beat divided into three quavers). Opposite of simple time.
A conjunct melody moves by step (i.e. in major or minor seconds) rather than by larger intervals. Opposite of disjunct.
Notes that are consonant sound pleasing when played together. Opposite of dissonance.
An accompanying part in instrumental music of the Baroque period. The continuo is played by a bass instrument (such as cello) and a harmony instrument (such as harpsichord).
Adjective to describe music that uses counterpoint.
A second melody in a piece that is hears at the same time as the main melody, to provide contrast.
A texture in which two or more melodic lines, each one significant in itself, are played together at the same time.
A gradual increase in dynamic. The opposite of diminuendo.
The presence in a passage of music on conflicting rhythms (e.g. groups of three notes played in one line while groups of two are played simultaneously in another).
An audio effect that can be electronically added to music to give the effect of an echo.
When two or more instruments or voices have a musical 'conversation', with the individual parts responding to one another with different ideas and phrases.
Notes that belong to the scale of the key the music is currently in. For example, Bb and D are diatonic notes in the key of F major. Opposite of chromatic notes.
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