Geography: Barriers to Development Malawi Case Study
Terms in this set (12)
Outline two recent social developments in Malawi
Adult male and female literacy rates have risen to 81% and 69% (2010)
Increased access to condoms to curb spread of HIV/AIDS
Outline two recent economic developments in Malawi
13% fall in poverty from 2004 to 2009
Government fertiliser subsidies are moving the country's agricultural sector away from subsistence farming
Outline two recent political developments in Malawi
First democratic presidential election in 1994
Female president elected in 2012
How many airports in Malawi have paved runways?
6 out of 39
What type of railways does Malawi have?
Narrow-guage (trains can carry fewer goods)
Why is it difficult to export goods from Malawi?
Landlocked - one 800 km single-track railway line through Mozambique to a port, small amount of goods, tariffs imposed
What is the energy situation in Malawi?
90% of energy supplied by wood and charcoal which is largely unsustainable, 4 HEP dams provide an unreliable power supply due to irregular river flow
What effect does variable rainfall have on Malawi's development?
Drought and flooding negatively impact the agricultural sector
Why is HIV/AIDS a barrier to development in Malawi?
It has left 500,000 children orphaned
A disproportionate amount of money is spent on retroviral drugs
Why does Malawi have a trade deficit?
It exports low-value items (such as raw coffee beans) as high-value items are more expensive to export (due to tariffs)
Give two examples of Malawi's main exports
Tobacco and coffee beans
What is Malawi's economic growth rate (2015)?