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Division of labor
As methods of farming improved, fewer people had to work the fields. some people could specialize in other kinds of work.
A science that deals with the description, distribution, and interaction of the diverse physical, biological, and cultural features of the earth's surface.
The Nile River
Longest river in the world. Flows from north to south, and provides a natural route for transportation.
When the body is presented to make life after death possible. organs were removed from the body, which was then treated with chemicals.
An unusual stone, found in the village of Rosetta. carved in this stone were passages written in Greek, Hieroglyphics, and Egyptian writing style called demote.
The Mahabharata tells the story of a great battle in a kingdom in what is now northern India. Part of this empire is known as the Bhagavad Gita.
A complex form of social organization that began to take shape after the Indo-Aryan migration.
Elite group of people that learned to read and write so that they could work for the government
Sumerian writing from the Latin word for wedge, cuneus. Developed from pictographic writing
A form of government in which an individual or a single people rules over many other peoples and territories
Quarrels over trade divided Athens and Corinth. Tensions grew between Athens and Sparta until war broke out in 431 B.C
Homer's epic that tells the story of the Greek hero Odysseus on his way home from the Trojan War.
Chief officials. Led the army and were judges. Could appoint a dictator to lead for 6 months.
Most of the population- artisans, shopkeepers, peasants, etc. A few were wealthy but most were poor
Three costly conflicts between Romans and Carthaginians over control of the Mediterranean and overseas expansion
Lived between about 460B.C. and about 377B.C., is considered to be the founder of medical science.
Was a philosopher who believed that everything could be explained in terms of mathematics.
One of of Plato's students in the Academy. Was a young man who later taught Alexander the Great.
Was a great general, orator, and statesman who held public office or was active in public life from 461 B.C.
Founder of Buddhism, another of the world's great religions, that also arose in India.
Alexander the Great
Philip's 20-year-old son, who succeeded him in ruling. Conquered most of the Mediterranean and as far east as India.
One of the greatest generals of all time, who assembled a huge Carthaginian army that included foot soldiers, horse soldiers, and elephants.
Grandnephew to Caesar that began the Roman Empire. The reign was known as the Pax Romana, or "Roman Peace"
Lived during Augustus' reign, was the greatest of the Roman poets. His epic poem, the Aeneid, tells the story of Aeneas, a prince of Troy.
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