DELTA Module 1: Use of L1
Terms in this set (25)
Why sts use L1
sts may lapse into L1 because they do not have...
the language to complete the task. Task is too hard, they're not linguistically capable of completing it.
Use of L1 is natural...
we use translation when lang learning without thinking, esp. at lower levels.
we make sense of a new linguistic world through...
the one we already know
sts use L1 to explain/peer...
teach, sts will do so with little encouragement from T
If T uses L1 frequently,...
sts will feel comfortable doing so. T needs to be aware of example he/she sets.
amount of L1 spoken by sts may depend on...
learner styles. Some try right from the start, others need time
ATTITUDES TO L1 USE IN CLASSROOM
complete avoidance of L1 stems from...
Direct Method (early 20th C). Language was talked and taught exclusively in English
avoidance also influenced by training of native speakers who had to teach....
multi-lingual classes or did not know lang of country where they taught
Attitudes have changed recently. Atkinson suggests use of L1 for...
grammar explanations, checking comprehension, giving instructions, and discussing classroom methodology. L1 makes it faster and more efficient.
Harboard states that instructions shouldn't be given in L1 because...
they are an ideal source of language for sts acquisition
Eldridge says we shouldn't stop sts code-switching (changing language) because...
most of the time it is "highly purposeful and related to purposeful goals" (helping a classmate understand some language)
use of L1 may be acceptable in some activities such as...
paired reading work,if sts are using it to further knowledge of English
L1 not acceptable for oral fluency work because...
use of any other language other than English makes it essentially pointless
Harmer: Try to insist on English in language study and...
oral production but be more relaxed in other pedagogic situations
T is primary source of...
comprehensible input so should try to speak English as much as possible.
If t doesn't speak English, sts will...
not see the need to.
At times, L1 may help both st and t esp at
HOW TO PROMOTE USE OF ENGLISH
set clear guidelines...
sts need to know when L1 use is acceptable and when English is essential (fluency tasks) be consistent, stick to guidelines
choose appropriate tasks...
it's ok to push sts but choose tasks they are linguistically capable of doing
create an English environment...
atmosphere, decorations, music, Anglicised names (influence of Suggestopedia) will encourage English use
politely remind sts to stick to English.
If it doesn't work, stop task and explain problem
persuade sts to at least have a go in English
lower affective filter
make sts feel comfortable, unthreatened to encourage them to take risks with the language.
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