Restoration colonies of New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and the Carolinas
They were created when Charles II ascended the throne after Cromwell's dictatorial rule
Characteristic of the settlement of N and S Carolina
The proprietors planned to set up a feudal type of government, but this plan failed
The first colonists who settled South Carolina and introduced racial slavery arrived from
Which action by S Carolina contributed the the settlements' violent, frontier nature?
They encouraged their native allies to raid other native peoples for slaves
Which colony was established as a haven for Quakers?
Which is true about the Quaker religion
It taught that God imbued all men and women with an "inner light" of grace
The colony of Pennsylvania
-All property-owning men could vote and hold office -There was no established church -It was one of the most ethnically diverse colonies in British N America
The original purpose of the Navigation Acts was to
cut the Dutch and French out of the colonial trade
The Navigation Acts
required colonists to import any European goods through England
As a result of the Navigation Acts
French and Dutch naval fleets launched a series of devastating attacks against English shippers
Change in English economic philosophy toward the colonies beginning in the 1650s
No longer content with a favorable balance of trade with European countries, the English government was determined to regulate trade with the colonies
As part of its mercantilistic policies, England
drove the Dutch from New Netherland
A major crisis for Puritans in Massachusetts in the 17th century was
the annulment of the Massachusetts' charter
The purpose of the Dominion of New England was to
strengthen royal control of the American colonies
The Dominion of New England angered colonists by
-Abolishing existing colonial legislatures -Banning town hall meetings -Requiring colonists in Massachusetts to pay an annual fee for new land titles
What resulted in the aftermath of the Glorious Revolution?
-Plymouth, Maine, and Massachusetts Bay were joined to create a new royal colony -All male property owners in the Massachusetts colony were given the right to vote -Puritan restrictions on the Church of England were eliminated
In Maryland, the aftermath of the Glorious Revolution was characterized by
religious conflict that led to the establishment of the Church of England as the official church
began as a revolt against the Dominion of New England
The Glorious Revolution in England and in America
led to a period of lax British rule of its American colonies with few new laws or taxes
What characterizes the impact of the War for Spanish Succession in the SE
The Creek nation used the European war to expand its power into northern Florida and N Carolina
When the early 18th century Anglo-French wars temporarily ended with the Treaty of Utrecht, Britain had
won major territorial and commercial gains, including Newfoundland, Acadia, and the Hudson Bay region as well as access to the Indian trade
The primary product of the South Atlantic System was
The area that imported the least number of slaves was
What characterizes the impact of the Slave Trade on Africa?
The goods European traded to Africa were worth only 1/10 to 1/3 of the value of the goods the slaves produced
What characterizes the African states' involvement in the Atlantic slave trade?
The Asante kings used the profits of slave trading to expand their political dominion
The transatlantic slave trade resulted in
polygamy in many African societies
The Middle Passage refers to
the slaves' perilous journey to America across the Atlantic Ocean
The experience of enslaved West Africans on their voyage to the Americans included
widespread disease, malnutrition, and death
What characterizes the life in the West Indies for slaves in the 1700s?
Because the price of slaves was low and the price of sugar was high, slave owners worked their slaves to death and then replaced them with new slaves
The "tobacco revolution" in Virginia and Maryland led to
the creation of a slave-based plantation economy
Commonality among tobacco, rice, and sugar production?
Each drove the expansion of the slave trade for a time
What did slaves in the Chesapeake do in response to their situation?
-Some slaves ran away to the frontier or tried to join Indian tribes -Some English-speaking slaves fled to towns and tried to pass as free blacks -Some slaves resisted silently and a few turned to violence
What method did planters use in the early 18th century to prevent slave revolts?
They brought slaves of different ethnic backgrounds so slaves could not understand each other
The Stono Rebellion occurred because
the Spanish governor in Florida had promised freedom and land to slaves who escaped from their English owners
After the Stono Rebellion, South Carolina planters
imported fewer Africans
The largest slave uprising in the 18th century was
the Stono Rebellion
American colonies in the 18th century
Slaves created a sophisticated culture with extended kin relationships and traditions
What changed occurred in white society in the Chesapeake colonies at the same time that slavery was being forced on Africans?
A more rigid class structure with a more well-defined elite began to emerge
From 1676 to 1750, the Virginia gentry
urged even small landholders to purchase slaves and thus support the slavery
What colony would most like model themselves after the English aristocracy in the 18th century?
What characterizes the colonial shipbuilding industry during the early 18th century?
Colonial-built ships eventually made up about a third of the British merchant fleet
The English colonies were linked primarily by
What described 17th century urban society in seaport cities?
-Wealthy merchants dominated society and copied the ways of the British upper classes -Artisan and shopkeeper families were about half of the population -Laboring mena and women often had to compete with indentured servants and slaves
The colonists enjoyed a significant degree of autonomy over their royal governors due to
their ability to withhold a governor's salary
began limiting the powers of crown officials and royal governors
afforded colonists the opportunity to develop economic autonomy and their own political institutions
The British policy of salutary neglect of the American colonies in the early 18th century meant
relaxing their supervision of the colonies' internal affairs while concentrating on defense and trade policies
Sir Robert Walpole weakened imperial rule in America by
appointing men of little talent to the Board of Trade, which weakened respect for the royal government
Parliament subsidized the new colony of Georgia because
it was meant a refuge for the poor
War broke out between England and Spain in the late 1730s because
Spain was angry over the English settlement of Georgia
The mercantilistic policies pursued by the British government during the 18th century called for the American colonies to produce
agricultural good and raw materials
The Americans major objection to the Navigation Acts was that the colonists were
required to export tobacco only to England unless there was a surplus
Which of the Navigation Acts was violated by the colonists?
The Molasses Act was designed to
help sugar plantations in the British West Indies
American merchants' reaction to the Molasses Act of 1733 was to
ignore it and continue to export shiploads of French molasses
What characterizes the colonial currency problems of the early and mid 18th century?
The lack of currency in the colonies led New England States to issue paper money, which English creditors increasingly refused to accept
What was not a change in the British colonies and England's power between 1675-1750?
the creation of a strong system of British political control over the American colonies