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A&P p. 11-19
Terms in this set (11)
What is infants chest compliance like?
Very high providing a weak force to maintain FRC
What does an obstruction do to FRC?
Decreases FRC even more
In a neonate what are normal PIP?
15-20 cm H20 are normal
What should both childrens and adults TV be when anesthetized?
What is total airway resistance due to?
Small nasal passages
Diameter of small airways
Total lung volume
What should you use to prevent atelectasis especially in those < 8 months old?
PEEP they have exceptionally compliant chest wall, respiratory system compliance is markedly reduced under GA & paralysis.
What is a childs breathing like when they are less than 7 years old?
Why does spontaneous ventilation decrease under anesthesia?
Spontaneous ventilation is decreased due to inhibition of the chemoreceptor and loss of movement of the intercostal muscles
* In what stage do laryngospasms occur more frequently?
Stage II, do not intubate in stage II
What age group of patients have a 3 time higher incidence of laryngospasm?
Patients between 1 to 3 months old
What is the treatment for laryngospasm?
- 100% O2 by face mask with a tight seal and positive pressure
- Deepen the anesthesia
- Give propofol
- Succinylcholine 1-2 mg/kg/IV onset 1 min duration 4-6 min
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Pharm & Procedures
History & Physical
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