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Attributes of God: Omniscience.
Terms in this set (50)
What are the four scholars/references used for God's omniscience?
Quote from Psalm 139:1-2?
"O Lord you have searched me and you know me. You know when I sit and when I rise; you perceive my thoughts from afar."
Quote from John 21:17?
"Lord, thou knowest all things."
Quote from Matthew 6?
What is Matthew 6?
"Then your Father, who sees what is done in secret, will reward you."
You shouldn't show off about what you do in secret, God already knows.
A parable for giving to the needy.
Quote from Psalm 94:9-10?
"He planted the ear, shall He not hear? He who formed the eye, shall He not see?"
Do you really think your creator can't hear/see from yur eyes?
2 criticisms of Biblical references?
-Assumption that God does see everything.
-Principle of evidence- is the Bible extraordinary/reliable evidence?
What does Schleiermacher argue?
That God is omniscient because he knows us so well (like a friend). He doesn't control what we'll do, he predicts it as he knows us so well.
2 quotes supporting Schleiermacher?
-"you knit me together in my mother's womb". (Psalms 139:13).
-"Before I formed you in the womb I knew you, before you were born I set you apart." (Jeremiah 1:5).
5 criticisms of Schleiermacher?
-Fallacy of Composition.
Explain semantics in relation to Schleiermacher?
Trying to redefine omniscience to fit his argument/trying to bring about semantic shift- being able to accurately predict doesn't make you omniscient.
Explain Occam's Razor in relation to Schleiermacher?
Conclusion based on too many unsupported assumptions, either God exists but isn't omniscient or he doesn't exist.
Explain assumption in relation to Schleiermacher?
Working too hard/too many conclusions to make it work, where is the evidence? Based on the assumption that God created us and therefore knows us for the rest of our lives.
Explain fallacy in relation to Schleiermacher?
Error in logic to go from the observation that your best friend knows you well enough to predict what you will do doesn't mean God does.
Explain fallacy of composition in relation to Schleiermacher?
Just because God knows you to begin with, does not mean that he knows all of you at this moment in time.
What did Swinburne argue?
Who is this argument compatible to?
God knows everything that it is logically possible to know.
Aquinas- God wouldn't contradict the knowledge he created through his actions.
Criticism of Swinburne?
What did Boethius argue?
That God is omniscient because he is atemporal and sees past, present and future all at the same time.
Quote for Boethius?
"There seems to be a hopeless conflict between divine foreknowledge of all things and freedom of the human will."
Criticism of Boethius?
- Existential crisis- was waiting to be executed.
What is problem one?
If God is omniscient, do we really have free will?
Who posed and responded to problem one?
Where did Boethius record his musings?
'the Consolation of Philosophy' (523 AD).
How does Boethius pose question one?
"There seems to be a hopeless conflict between divine foreknowledge of all things and freedom of the human will."- Conflict between God seeing and knowing all and us having free will.
Boethius' response to problem one?
That God doesn't control our actions (atemporal/sees all timelines at once)- time is only a construct of this world and so God is not bound by it.
Free will therefore exists.
Who else responds to problem one?
What does he argue?
That we still have free will as God knows what we will choose because he knows us so well NOT because he dictates our choices.
What corresponds with Schleiermacher?
What does this state?
That God knows all the possible outcomes and it is free will which determines which outcome becomes definite.
"our future is partly open"- Dr. John Sanders.
What is problem 2?
If God is omniscient, then why doesn't he stop evil and suffering?
Who poses problem 2?
- Stephen Fry (modern day example).
- J.L. Mackie.
Where does Fry pose his argument?
'The Meaning of Life' TV Show presented by Gay Byrne.
What does Fry reference examples of?
Natural evil- parasites that blind children/bone cancer.
Quote from Fry?
"God is an evil, capricious maniac".
What is implied by Fry?
That if God is omniscient, he would be able to create a logic where there was no evil in the world. He should see all evil and suffering and want to prevent it but doesn't despite supposedly having the power to eradicate it.
Where does Mackie pose his argument?
In his work; 'Evil and Omnipotence'.
What does Mackie recognise?
An inconsistent triad between the three omnis, he can't possibly be all 3 at the same time.
What does Mackie imply?
That an omniscient God would have a way of recognizing evil and suffering without the extent of e+s in the world (response to aesthetic argument).
What does Mackie argue that is supported by Dostoevsky?
That children haven't excersized their free will and so should not be punished.
Four people offering possible solutions to problem 2?
How does Augustine respond?
His theodicy- evil occurs as the result of misused free will/moral evil.
The Fall meant that evil descended on earth along with the angels.
How does Swinburne respond?
Argues that God wants humans to learn and to love and to make decisions which make great differences for good and evil as they form our characters in the way we choose and above all, he wants us to be of great use to each other. In order to gain all of this, there will inevitably be a period of suffering for the short period of our lives on Earth.
Why does Swinburne believe that God does not wrong us by allowing suffering?
Because of the good that he gives to humans in this life and makes it possible, through our choice, to share the life of Heaven.
Semantic shift or Occams Razor.
Assumption/principle of evidence.
Philosophical problem 1?
Evil and suffering.
Response to problem 1?
Philosophical problem 2?
Do we really have free will?
Response to problem 2?
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