61 terms

Road to Disunion

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by the House of Representatives
The 1824 presidential election was decided
Andrew Jackson
Which president's popularity with the "common man" changed politics?
Indian Removal Act
What act did Congress pass in order to relocate Native Americans to territory west of the Mississippi River?
Cherokee (Choctaw, Chickasaw, Seminole)
Though the phrase "Trail of Tears" could apply to all of the following, it most commonly refers to the removal of the __________ Nation from their homeland to Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma).
Osceola
Who was the Seminole leader who went to war against the United States in an effort to keep his nation's land?
spoils system
The practice of replacing government employees with the winning candidate's supporters became known as the
John Quincy Adams
Who won the 1824 presidential election?
Independence, Missouri
The Oregon trail started in
Fifty-four Forty or Fight
What was James K. Polk's presidential campaign slogan in 1844?
fur trappers
Mountain men made their living as
the Alamo
About the defenders of which place did Santa Anna say, "The Texans fought more like devils than like men"?
Salt Lake City
Founded by the Mormons, which city was originally called Deseret?
Manifest Destiny
What philosophy meant that the United States was set apart to extend its boundaries all the way to the Pacific?
San Jacinto
Santa Anna was captured in the battle of
Rio Grande
After the US annexed Texas, where did the United States insist the border was between the United States and Mexico?
Nueces River
After the US annexed Texas, where did Mexico insist the border was between the United States and Mexico?
Gold Rush
What event ended in a few years but had long-lasting effects on California's economy?
Brigham Young
Who led the Mormon migration to the Great Salt Lake area?
William Lloyd Garrison
The first white abolitionist to call for the "immediate and complete emancipation" of enslaved people was
women's rights movement
Women fighting to end slavery recognized their own bondage and formed the
Seneca Falls Convention
The first women's rights convention was the __________ in 1848.
Wyoming (1869)
What territory was the first territory or state to grant women the right to vote after an 1807 law banned women from voting in New Jersey?
Second Great Awakening
In the 1800s, there was a wave of religious fervor known as the
temperance
What movement called for drinking little or no alcohol?
Frederick Douglass
Whose freedom from the slaveholder he had fled was purchased by British abolitionists for £150?
Underground Railroad
The network of escape routes out of the South for enslaved people was the
Harriet Tubman
Who was the most famous Underground Railroad conductor?
suffrage
Elizabeth Cady Stanton was an early leader in the Women's __________ movement.
abolitionists
People who worked to abolish, or end, slavery were known as __________.
Frederick Douglass
A runaway slave wrote an autobiography in 1845 titled Narrative of the Life of __________, an American Slave.
Andrew Jackson
Who won the 1828 election?
Nullification Crisis
South Carolina's opposition to the tariff of 1828 and claim that the state of South Carolina could declare federal law unconstitutional became known as the __________.
Force Bill
After a state convention declared the tariff of 1828 to be unconstitutional and unenforceable in South Carolina, Congress passed the __________, which gave President Jackson the authority to use the military to force South Carolina to comply federal law.
suffrage
The right to vote
Andrew Jackson
Which 1824 presidential candidate was a war hero known for winning the Battle of New Orleans?
John Quincy Adams
Which 1824 presidential candidate from Massachusetts also supported internal improvements and higher tariffs?
Henry Clay
Which 1824 presidential candidate from Kentucky supported a plan of internal improvements and tariffs called the "American System"?
Second Bank of the United States
President Jackson vetoed the bill rechartering the __________ in 1832. He believed it to be both unconstitutional and a source of political corruption favoring the wealthy.
Martin Van Buren
Who won the presidential election of 1836?
Whig
The __________ Party was formed in opposition to Jacksonian Democrats.
William Henry Harrison
Who won the election of 1840 with the slogan "Tippecanoe and Tyler Too"?
John Tyler
Who was sworn in as the President of the United States after William Henry Harrison died in office? This made him the first POTUS to get the job through the death of his predecessor.
James K. Polk
Who was elected President of the United States in 1844?
slave
The Constitutional Convention agreed that Congress would not interfere with the __________ trade until 1808.
Know Nothing
The anti-immigrant (nativist) American Party was more popularly known as the __________ Party.
Republican
In 1854 antislavery Whigs and Democrats joined forces with Free-Soilers to form the __________ Party.
Charles Sumner
Senator __________ was nearly beaten to death by Representative Preston Brooks with a cane on the floor of the Senate.
slavery
The phrase "Bleeding Kansas" refers to conflict between pro- and anti__________ forces in Kansas in 1856.
popular sovereignty
The Kansas-Nebraska Act called for __________ in the territories on the question of slavery (in other words, people voted to allow or ban it).
Missouri
In 1854 Stephen A. Douglas proposed the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which repealed the __________ Compromise and potentially allowed slavery north of 36°30N latitude.
Fugitive Slave Act
The __________ of 1850 required all citizens to help catch runaway slaves.
Henry Clay
California's petition for statehood as a free state helped trigger a crisis that Senator __________ tried to soothe with the Compromise of 1850.
North
The strength of the Republican Party was almost exclusively in the __________.
Democratic
A split in the __________ Party helped elect Abraham Lincoln to the presidency in 1860.
Dred Scott v. Sanford
In what case did the Supreme Court rule it unconstitutional to restrict the spread of slavery?
Maine
As part of the Missouri Compromise, Missouri was admitted as a slave state, and ____________________ was admitted as a free state.
1845
Both Florida and Texas became states in what year?
Wilmot Proviso
The __________ stated that slavery should be forbidden in any lands that might be acquired by the United States as the result of the Mexican War.
Mexico
The United States acquired the territories of New Mexico and California after the war with __________.
property
The Dred Scott decision stated that because enslaved people were __________, Congress could not pass laws that would take them away from their owners.
Harpers Ferry
Abolitionist support of John Brown's raid at __________, Virginia, increased Southerners fears of a great Northern conspiracy against them.