59 terms

Civil War and Reconstruction

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Abraham Lincoln
The 1860 presidential candidate whose name did not appear on the ballot in most Southern states was
Democratic
A split in the ____________________ Party helped elect Abraham Lincoln to the presidency in 1860.
Uncle Tom's Cabin
When President Lincoln met Harriet Beecher Stowe in 1862, he is said to have exclaimed, "So you are the little woman who wrote the book that started this great war!" To what book was he referring?
Fort Sumter
The first "battle" of the Civil War was the bombardment of __________.
South Carolina
What was the first state to secede from the Union?
Jefferson Davis
Who was the President of the Confederate States of America?
Richmond, Virginia
What Confederate capital was only about 100 miles from Washington, D.C.?
Shiloh
What extremely bloody battle was named after a small church where the battle took place whose name roughly translates to "the peaceful one"?
Antietam
The bloodiest day of the entire Civil War was the Battle of
Savannah, Georgia
William Tecumseh Sherman's "march to the sea" headed toward
Gettysburg
What battle turned back Robert E. Lee's invasion of Pennsylvania?
West Virginia
In 1861, 48 Virginia counties organized themselves as a separate state that was admitted to the union in 1863. Name the state.
reunite the country
The main goal of the North at the beginning of the war was to
blockade runners
Confederate ships that broke through the North's line of defense were called
Shiloh
What April battle along the banks of the Tennessee River lasted only two days, but included some of the most bloody fighting of the war?
Emancipation Proclamation
On January 1, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln issued the
Antietam
After which battle did Lincoln decide to issue the Emancipation Proclamation?
American Red Cross
Clara Barton worked with wounded soldiers and later founded the
New York City
The worst disturbance (riots during which in more than 100 people were killed) protest of the draft laws took place in __________ for three days in 1863.
Robert E. Lee's surrender
Appomattox Court House is famous because it is the site of Confederate General
border states
The four (later five) slave states that remain in the Union are called __________.
Anaconda Plan
The ___________ was a strategy to defeat the South designed by General Winfield Scott. It called for the blockade of Southern Ports and the control of the Mississippi River.
Bull Run (Manassas)
The First Battle of ____________ was the first major battle of the Civil War fought in northern Virginia.
Stonewall
General Thomas Jackson became known as "__________" Jackson after his actions during the First Battle of Bull Run.
Army of the Potomac
The Union's major army in the eastern theater of operations was the __________.
George McClellan
The first commander of the Union's Army of the Potomac was General __________.
New Orleans
On April 25, 1862, Union naval forces under the command of David Farragut captured __________.
Ulysses S. Grant
__________ was in command of the Union's Army of the Tennessee at the Battle of Shiloh.
Vicksburg
Union victory at the Siege of __________ split the Confederacy.
Ulysses S. Grant
On March 12, 1864, Union General __________ was named commander of the Army of the Potomac and eventually forced Confederate General Robert E. Lee to surrender
Robert E. Lee
Offered the command of the Union Army by Abraham Lincoln, __________ declined because his home state of Virginia seceded from the Union in April of 1861.
Robert E. Lee
After turning down command of the Union Army, __________ was appointed commander of the Army of Northern Virginia by the Confederates
railroad
The Battle of Shiloh and the Siege of Corinth occurred when the Union Army moved to seize control of an extremely important __________ junction located at Corinth, Mississippi.
Antietam
In 1862, Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia crossed into Maryland, but was turned back by the Union's Army of the Potomac at the Battle of __________.
African-American
As portrayed in the movie Glory, the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry was one of the first official __________ units in the United States armed forces. Two of Frederick Douglass's sons served in the unit.
William Tecumseh Sherman
After capturing Atlanta, Union General __________ cut a wide swath of destruction across Georgia on his "March to the Sea."
Reconstruction
After the Civil War, the period of rebuilding the South was called
John Wilkes Booth
Who assassinated President Abraham Lincoln?
black codes
To many freed men and women, what reestablished slavery in disguise?
Fourteenth Amendment
What grants full citizenship to all individuals born in the United States?
Tenure of Office Act
What did Congress pass to prohibit the president from removing government officials without the Senate's approval?
carpetbaggers
Northerners who supported the Republicans and moved to the South during Reconstruction were called
Ku Klux Klan
What secret society intimidated and even killed African Americans in the South?
Amnesty Act
What changed the political balance in the South by restoring full rights to people who supported the Democrats and secession?
amnesty
To all white Southerners, except Confederate leaders, Lincoln offered
Freedmen's Bureau
What agency helped freed African Americans by establishing schools?
Thirteenth Amendment
Before they could join the Union, Southern states had to ratify the
Fourteenth Amendment
What amendment states that no state could take away a citizen's life, liberty, and property "without due process of law"?
Radical Reconstruction
Republicans in Congress easily overrode Johnson's vetoes and took charge of Reconstruction during
impeached
When President Andrew Johnson violated the Tenure of Office Act, he was
sharecropping
The most common form of work for freed individuals in the South was
President Abraham Lincoln's
__________ assassination probably ensured that the terms for Southern states to rejoin the Union would be much more harsh than if he had lived.
veto
The Civil Rights Act of 1866 became law over the __________ of President Andrew Johnson.
Ulysses S. Grant
In the presidential election of 1868, __________, the Republican candidate, won the votes of most African Americans in the South.
sharecroppers
Although freed African Americans wanted to buy their own farmland, most could only rent land and become __________.
Rutherford B. Hayes
As part of the deal which made him the President of the United States, __________ ended the federal government's support for African American equality in the South after Reconstruction.
Democratic
After Reconstruction, political power in the South shifted to the __________ Party
Compromise of 1877
The disputed election of 1876 was decided by the __________.
Compromise of 1877
In return for ending Reconstruction and the ending the occupation of the South by the US Army, Democratic congressmen agreed to give Republican Rutherford B. Hayes all 20 of the disputed electoral votes in the