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AP Lang Poetry Terms
Terms you may see on the AP Language and Composition test for analyzing poetry. These are exclusive of the rhetorical terms we have already learned.
Terms in this set (25)
a four-line stanza rhymed abcb with four feet in lines one and three and three feet in lines two and four.
Poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter
A break or pause within a line of poetry indicated by punctuation and used to emphasize meaning.
Ex: To err is human, to forgive divine.
A fanciful expression, usually in the form of an extended metaphor or surprising analogy between seemingly dissimilar objects.
a poem which is intended primarily to teach a lesson
A lyric poem that laments the dead.
line of poetry that has a full pause at the end, typically indicated by a period or semicolon
line of poetry that ends with no punctuation and consequently runs over into the next line
A rhyme that depends on spelling rather than sound; words that look like they should rhyme, but do not. Ex: again/rain, love/drove
Lines rhymed by their final two syllables. Sometimes called a double rhyme. Ex: awaken/forsaken, audition/rendition
A pair of rhymed, iambic pentameter lines. Rhyme scheme aa bb cc etc.
A poetic device in which a word in the middle of a line rhymes with a word at the end of the same metrical line.
Ex: Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered weak and weary
Rhyme that falls on the stressed and concluding syllables of the rhyme-words. Examples include "keep" and "sleep," "glow" and "no," and "spell" and "impel."
A short poem in which a single speaker expresses personal thoughts and feelings.
A type of poetry that tells a story
a group of syllables in verse usually consisting of one accented syllable and one or two unaccented syllables associated with it.
iambic u /
trochaic / u
anapestic u u /
dactylic / u u
pyrrhic u u
spondaic / /
A four line stanza
A seven-line stanza of iambic pentameter rhymed ababbcc, used by Chaucer and other medieval poets.
a system for describing the meter of a poem by identifying the number and the type(s) of feet per line.
monometer one foot per line
dimeter two feet per line
trimeter three feet per line
tetrameter four feet per line
pentameter five feet per line
hexameter six feet per line
heptameter seven feet per line
octameter eight feet per line
A six line stanza. Most commonly, refers to the second division of an Italian sonnet.
A lyric poem of fourteen lines, usually in iambic pentameter, with rhymes arranged according to certain definite patterns. It usually expresses a single, complete idea or thought with a reversal, twist, or change of direction in the concluding lines.
A fixed number of lines of verse forming a unit of a poem
three line stanza
A three-line stanza rhymed aba, bcb, cdc.
A 19 line poem with 5 tercets and a final quatrain, this type of poem uses only two rhymes which are repeated in a specific pattern.
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