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Combo with "26-5 Victory and Consequences" and 4 others
Terms in this set (48)
Battle of the Bulge
A 1944-1945 battle in which Allied forces turned back the last major German offensive of World War II.
May 8, 1945; victory in Europe Day when the Germans surrendered
Harry S. Truman
Became president when FDR died; gave the order to drop the atomic bomb
A mass slaughter of Jews and other civilians, carried out by the Nazi government of Germany before and during World War II.
A concentration camp
the place where Jews and other civilians were kept under guard. The places where the Nazi's executed their "final solution". Dachau, Auschwitz, and Treblinka are examples of these camps.
A secret U.S. project for the construction of the atomic bomb.
Bomb dropped on Nagasaki and Hiroshima bringing at end to the war in the Pacific.
causes of WWII
Global economic problems, totalitarian governments, Germany's aggression in Europe, and Japan's aggression in the Pacific and Asia.
effects of WWII
millions of deaths, destruction of cities and industries, the Holocaust, and America becomes the leading world power.
City in Japan, the first to be destroyed by an atomic bomb, on August 6, 1945. The bombing hastened the end of World War II.
Japanese city in which the second atomic bomb was dropped (August 9, 1945).
(1880-1964), U.S. general. Commander of U.S. (later Allied) forces in the southwestern Pacific during World War II, he accepted Japan's surrender in 1945 and administered the ensuing Allied occupation.
Bataan Death March
Japanese forced about 60,000 of americans and philippines to march 100 miles with little food and water, most died or were killed on the way
Battle of the Coral Sea
1942 World War II battle between American and Japanese aircraft
Battle of Midway
1942 World War II battle between the United States and Japan, a turning point in the war in the Pacific
A military strategy used during World War II that involved selectively attacking specific enemy-held islands and bypassing others
Battle of Leyte Gulf
1944 World War II naval battle betweeen the United States and Japan. Largest naval engagement in history. Japanese navy was defeated.
Japanese suicide pilots who loaded their planes with explosives and crashed them into American ships.
a bloody and prolonged operation on the island of Iwo Jima in which American marines landed and defeated Japanese defenders (February and March 1945)
April-June 1945; America vs. Japanese on a Pacific Island that could act as a staging area for assaults on Japan ---> Japanese fought hard to protect it; Americans killed 110,000 Japanese while only 7,000 Americans died; Japanese pilots flew kamikaze missions ---> scared the U.S. as it showed "unrelenting fanaticism"
United States admiral of the Pacific fleet during World War II who used aircraft carriers to destroy the Japanese navy (1885-1966)
Battle of El Alamein
1942-British victory in WWII that stopped the Axis forces from advancing into Northern Africa
Dwight D. Eisenhower
American General who began in North Africa and became the Commander of Allied forces in Europe.
Battle of Stalingrad
Unsuccessful German attack on the city of Stalingrad during World War II from 1942 to 1943, that was the furthest extent of German advance into the Soviet Union.
..., June 6, 1944 - Led by Eisenhower, over a million troops (the largest invasion force in history) stormed the beaches at Normandy and began the process of re-taking France. The turning point of World War II.
War Production Board
During WWII, FDR established it to put scarce materials to use for the war. (rationing was an aspect of this)
A limited portion or allowance of food or goods; limitation of use
women in WWII
war bonds WASPs (Air Force) 1000 women trained male pilots WACs (Army) WAVEs (Navy) Independence worked for factories 60 to 70 hrs a week ex. painted plane wings 13 million gunpowder girls fixed plane engines, rationed sugar, meat, coffee, leather, and gasoline. (and more)
Rosie the Riveter
A propaganda character designed to increase production of female workers in the factories. It became a rallying symbol for women to do their part.
A. Philip Randolph
Black leader, who threatens a march to end discrimination in the work place.
332 Fighter Group famous for shooting down over 200 enemy planes. African American pilots who trained at the Tuskegee flying school., all black unit of fighter pilots. trained in Tuskegee Alabama. won many awards for bravery and never lost a single pilot
Benjamin O. Davis
the first african american general in the US Army
A series of riots in L.A. California during WW2, soldiers stationed in the city and Mexican youths because of the zoot-suits they wore.
Confinement, as in the forced relocation of Japanese Americans in WWII
A political system in which the government has total control over the lives of individual citizens.
(1883-1945) Italian leader. He founded the Italian Fascist Party, and sided with Hitler and Germany in World War II. In 1945 he was overthrown and assassinated by the Italian Resistance.
political system in which the "state" or government is seen as more important than individuals.
Adolf Hitler used fascism to create this type of government based on totalitarian ideas and was used to unite Germany during the 1930s.
Austrian born Dictator of Germany, implement Fascism and caused WWII and Holocoust.
Allied with Hitler, but was double crossed. Allied with USA/Great Britain against the Nazis. He was a dictator.
Alliance of Germany, Italy, and Japan during World War II.
Accepting demands in order to avoid conflict
A noted British statesman who led Britain throughout most of World War II and along with Roosevelt planned many allied campaigns.
Alliance of Great Britain, Soviet Union, United States, and France during World War II.
Battle of Britain
(FDR) 1940, German air forces invaded Britain but the British Royal Air Force drove them out with the help of the new invention radar that let them know where the German planes were
law that authorized the president to aid any nation whose defense he believed was vital to American security
1941 United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II. Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, 1941.
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