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36 terms

cellular resp. review

cellular resp. review... because ATP are friends with benefits. *still under construction.*
STUDY
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glycolysis
means "to cut sugar"
glycolysis
first stage of cellular respiration
krebs cycle
second stage of cellular respiration
citric acid cycle
the krebs cycle is also known as the...
electron transport
the third stage of cellular respiration
anaerobic
glycolysis is an _________ process.
2
glycolysis produces _____ ATP.
adenosine triphosphate
ADP stands for...
adenine, ribose, and three phosphates
the molecule adenosine triphosphate is composed of...
five carbon sugar
ribose is a ______.
oxidative phosphorylation
phosphorylation that involves free-floating PO4
substrate-level phosphorylation
phosphorylation that involves PO4 from another molecule
second and third ATP molecules
the high energy bond of ATP is found between...
ATP cycle
the continued construction and destruction of ATP
1 gram
the amount of ATP present at any given moment
cytoplasm
glycolysis occurs in the...
enzymes
chemicals that speed up reactions without being used up in said reactions
catabolic process
cellular respiration is a...
C6 + H12 + O6 + 6CO2 --> 6CO2 + 6H2O + 36-38 ATP
equation for cell. resp.
heterotrophic
_____ organisms utilize cell. resp.
oxygen
_____ acts like gravity as it pulls electrons down the chain.
2 ATP
_____ must be invested during glycolysis to destabilize the molecule.
two phophoglyceraldehyde molecules
_____ are created after a series of enzymatic processes. these two molecules will be further broken down during the acetate & krebs steps.
two molecules of CO2
_____ of ______ are made during acetate when the carboxyl group of the pyruvate is oxidized. (its happening twice!)
pyruvate
phosphoglyceraldehyde is further broken down into two molecules of _____ after a series of enzymatic processes. two ATP are created during this final step of glycolysis.
mitochondrial matrix
acetate occurs in the...
NADH
NAD+ is reduced to _____ whenever a molecule is oxidized (as in krebs & acetate.)
two ATP
____ are made during krebs.
FADH
cousin of NADH.
acetyl CoA and oxaloacetate
after pyruvates carboxyl group is oxidized, a two-carbon base (acetate) remains. _______ escorts this base to the krebs cycle where _______ reduces the molecule to six-carbon citrate.
isomers
_____ are familiar characters during glycolysis and krebs. gotta love homophones.
inner mitochondrial membrane
electron transport occurs hereeeeeeeeeeee. (from now on it's IMM, 'cause im lazy.)
ATP synthase
enzyme that helps make ADP into ATP via a hydrogen ion concentration gradient.
oxygen
clears the channel
NADHs and FADHs
_____ and _____ carry electrons to the IMM.
36-38 ATP
cellular respiration yields _______.