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Vocabulary for Parenteral Nutrition

Total Parenteral Nutrition

TPN stands for? (Infuses hypertonic solution; nutritionally complete)

Parenteral Nutrition

the delivery of nutrients by vein ( used when pt. is physically or psychologically cannot consume enough nutrients orally and enterally)

Central TPN

the infusion into a central vein of a nutritional solution that meets nutrient needs.

Bacterial Translocation

the movement of intestinal bacteria from the gut into lymph nodes and the bloodstream.


a form of glucose that contains water; dextrose provides 3.4 cal/g, not 4.0 cal/g like glucose.

Refeeding Syndrome

a potentially fatal complication that occurs from an abrupt change from a catabolic state to an anabolic state and an increase in insulin caused by a dramatic increase in calories.( Overfeeding)

Total Nutrient Admixture (TNA)

parenteral solutions that contain all nutrients including lipids; also called 3-in-1 admixtures.( may hold a 24-hour quantity of total parenteral nutrition.)

Cyclic TPN

infusing TPN at a constant rate for 8 to 12 hours/day.( recommended for pts. receiving TPN at home)


the appearance of a layer of fat on top or oily globules in the solution.(observe in TNA mixtures,"cracked" solution cannot be infused)

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