100 terms

Week 12 Vocab

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Terms in this set (...)

alleviate
v. to reduce pain, esp. temporarily or without removing its cause
emulate
v. to copy someone; to imitate
enclave
n. a country or other distinctly bounded area wholly surrounded by another area
fluctuate
v. to move back and forth or up and down, esp. unpredictably
gullible
adj. easily deceived; credulous
mellifluous
adj. smooth and sweet; flowing with sweetness
perfidious
adj. marked by extreme treachery
plaintive
adj. expressing sorrow
prostrate
adj. lying face down, esp. as a sign of humility or worship; physically or emotional exhausted
sententious
adj. expressing much in few words; given to pompous moralizing
adept
adj. very skilled, esp. natural talent improved by practice
aptitude
n. an inherent capacity for learning, understanding, or performing
competent
adj. capable and skilled
deft
adj. quick and skillful
dexterous
adj. skillful with the hands or mind
magisterial
adj. authoritative; overbearing
masterly
adj. having the skill of an expert
proficient
adj. very skillful, esp. through training
prowess
n. superior skill or ability
virtuoso
n. one with great skill, esp. in music or the arts
artifact
n. an object produced by human work, esp. one of historical or archaeological interest
deficit
n. an inadequacy; an unfavorable condition or position
edification
n. intellectual or moral improvement; enlightenment
effectual
adj. able to produce the desired effect
efficacy
n. the power to produce the desired effect
facsimile
n. an exact copy
munificent
adj. generous
petrify
n. to turn into stone; to paralyze with terror
rectify
v. to set right; to correct
soporific
adj. promoting sleep
cant
v. to lean to one side
faze
v. to disturb; disconcert
flair
n. natural talent; aptitude
floe
n. a large, flat slab of ice formed on water
gait
n. manner of moving on foot; rate or manner of proceeding
grate
v. to irritate; to bother
pare
v. to reduce by, or as if by, cutting
phase
n. a stage in a process of change or development
principle
n. an accepted rule of action; a fundamental law or truth
wail
v. to make a prolonged cry; to mourn
acerbic
adj. sharp in smell and taste; harsh in tone
asylum
n. a place of safety
bevy
n. a group, esp. of women or birds
bide
v. to remain in a condition or state; to wait
blasphemy
n. an act shows contempt for God or religious matters
bounty
n. a something given generously; a reward, esp. one offered by the government
carcass
n. the dead body of an animal, esp. one slaughtered for food (also used figuratively)
cloy
v. to cause disgust with too much of something originally pleasant, esp. something rich or sweet
consign
v. to give to the care of another; to set apart
covenant
n. a binding agreement
dank
adj. unpleasantly damp
deity
n. a god
disclose
v. to reveal
dislodge
v. to force out of a concealed position
dissect
v. to cute into parts for analysis
dowager
n. a widow who holds a title or property that comes from her dead husband
effigy
n. a representation of a person or group used esp. to demonstrate hatred
entity
n. something that exists and can be recognized as a distinct unit
entreaty
n. an earnest plea or request
exotic
adj. unfamiliar or strikingly different; from far away places of the world
fetish
n. an object of unreasonably excessive attention
finesse
n. subtle skill in performance or in handling a situation
finicky
adj. insisting on getting what one wants, often capriciously
flinch
v. to draw back, as from surprise, pain, or something unpleasant or difficult
garland
n. a wreath or woven chain of flowers or leaves
gild
v. to cover with a thin layer of gold
gouge
n. a chisel with a rounded blade; v. to cut or scoop out, as with such a chisel
grotto
n. a small cave; an artificial structure made to resemble a cave
harlequin
n. a clown or buffoon
invaluable
adj. priceless; valuable beyond estimation
jubilant
adj. filled with happiness
jurisprudence
adj. the science or philosophy of law
kismet
n. fate; destiny
labyrinthine
adj. complicated; puzzling
levee
n. earthen or stone embankment to prevent flooding
liability
n. something for which one is responsible; a debt; a disadvantage
livelihood
n. means of support; subsistence
luminary
n. a person who has achieved fame in a particular field
missive
n. a written message
obstruct
v. to block
omnifarious
adj. of all kinds; varied
oracle
n. a person thought to be a source of wisdom or prophecy
panoply
n. a splendid array; ceremonial dress with all accessories
predicament
n. a troublesome or embarrassing situation
premises
n. land and the buildings that on it
pummel
v. to beat, as with the fists
rebuke
v. to criticize sharply
recidivist
n. one who returns to criminal habits
remnant
n. a small amount left over after the rest has been used; a surviving trace
restrain
v. to hold back; to discipline, esp. oneself
rhapsody
n. a state of great happiness; such a state expressed in speech or writing
salvage
n. to rescue from danger or failure
strife
n. great disagreement
subordinate
adj. occupying a lower position
symmetry
n. correspondence of form on each side of an axis; beauty as the result of balance and harmony
throwback
n. a reminder or remnant of an earlier condition
trauma
n. a serious physical or emotional injury
troupe
n. a group of touring actors, singers or performers
vim
n. energy; enthusiasm
vortex
n. a flow of fluid around an axis, like a whirlpool