APWH 8 The Unification of China

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Qin
Chinese dynasty that came to power in 221 B.C. under which the first true empire of China was created.
Shihuangdi
"The First Emperor" of China, famous for uniting China under its first true empire.
Han
Imperial dynasty that ruled China (most of the time) from 206 BC to 221. Noted for expanding China's boundaries and developing its bureaucracy.
Xiongnu
Nomads who periodically attacked the northern border of China. Finally defeated by Han Wudi.
Han Wudi
Han warrior and emperor who defeated the Xiongnu, nationalized iron production, and expanded the empire.
frontier
Area at the edge of settlement, civilization, or an empire, usually occupied by indigenous peoples.
Confucianism
A Chinese philosophy that stresses love for humanity, ancestor worship, filial piety, and harmony in thought and conduct.
Analects
A record of the words and acts of the central Chinese thinker and philosopher Confucius and his disciples.
filial piety
A love and respect for one's parents and ancestors. One of the virtues to be cultivated in Confucian philosophy.
Daoism
Philosophical system developed by of Lao-tzu and Chuang-tzu advocating a simple honest life and noninterference with the course of natural events.
Legalism
Political philosophy espoused by Qin China that emphasized the unruliness of human nature and justified state coercion and control.
meritocracy
The belief that rulers should be chosen for their superior abilities and not because of their wealth or birth.