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16 terms

Language arts week 1

Week 1
STUDY
PLAY
affix
a prefix or suffix; to attach a part to the beginning or end of a word; to attach something
analogy
Comparison made between two things to show how they are alike in some respects.
base word
A word to which prefixes and/or suffixes are added. (e.g., unwholesome-whole)
combining form
a word root with an added vowel that can be joined with other words, roots, or suffixes to form a new word
comparative
are forms of adjectives or adverbs used to compare two different things. With adjectives you add er to the end to make a comparative. If the adjective ends in y, drop the y and add ier.
context clue
information from the words or sentences surrounding a word that helps to clarify the word's meaning.
critical thinking
thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusions. Rather, it examines assumptions, discerns hidden values, evaluates evidence, and assesses conclusions
figurative meaning
Using words in a sense other then their literal meaning, as in poetry or figures of speech.
grammatical meaning
The meaning of a word or morpheme apart from its semantic meaning, indicating grammatical function.
inflection
A word ending used to show case, number, gender, person, tense, mood, voice, or comparison.
literal meaning
This is the ordinary, usual, or exact meaning of words, phrases, or passages. No figurative language or interpretation is involved.
morpheme
in a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning; may be a word or a part of a word (such as a prefix)
native english word
A word that originated in the English language, as apposed to a borrowed word or word coined from borrowed elements.
root
A base, not necessarily a whole word, to which affixes are added to form new words.
semantic meaning
The meaning of a word apart inflections and affixes; lexical meaning. Is,am, and were all have the semantic meaning be.
superlative
The highest degree of comparison of an adjective or adverb, used to compare more then two things.