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23 terms

Ancient Greece Glencoe World History Chapter 4

STUDY
PLAY
Oligarchy
"rule of few", a form of government in which a small group of people exercise control
Polis
early greek city-state consisting of a city or town and its surrounding territory
Macedonia
an ancient kingdon ruled by Alexander the Great that conquered Greece and the Persian empire in the 300s BC
Mycenae
Indo-European kingdom who faught against Troy in the trojan war, picked up skills from minoans
Archimedes
most famous scientist of helenistic era. skilled in geometry. developed pi
Pheiddippides
went to tell Athens that they won and that the Persians are coming to fight them again on the other side of Greece
Cleisthenes
An aristocrat, created a council of 500 and helped from Athenian democracy
Socrates
Critic of the Sophists, was condemned to death for "corrupting the youth of Athens"
Acropolis
A fortified hilltop in an ancient Greek city
Stoicism
schoolof thaughtdeveloped by the teacher Zeno in hellenistic athens; it says that happiness can be achieved only when people gain inner peace by living in harmony with the will of God, and that people should bear whatever life offers
Homer
A Greek poet, author of the Iliad and the Odyssey
Herodutus
a Greek historian whose writings, chiefly concerning the Persian Wars, are the earliest known examples of narrative history.
Achilles
a mythical Greek hero of the Iliad
Hellenistic
a word meaning to "imitate Greeks"; Greek-speaking civilization which spread through many lands of the eastern Mediterranean and beyond following the conquests of Alexander the Great.
Sophacles
(496-406BCE) great Athenian playwright. famous play: Oedipus Rex
Thucydides
many consider him the greatest historian of the ancient world, wrote history of the pelopanesian war.
agora
a central area in Greek cities used both as a marketplace and as a meeting place
Mount olympus
the higest mountain in Greece, where the ancient Greeks believed many of their gods and godesses lived
Aristachus
Astronomer who championed the heliocentric theory of the universe
Knossus
Minoan capitol of Crete
Oedipus Rex
Most famous play of sophacles
History of Persian Wars
written by herodutus
Hellenistic Era
period when the Greek language and Greek ideas spread to the non-Greek peoples of southwest Asia