Terms in this set (33)
an era of high tension and bitter rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union in the decades following World War II.
a nation stronger than other powerful nations.
Father of Chinese Communism; claimed Communist victory over Chiang Kai-shek in 1949.
Chinese Nationalist leader; fled to Taiwan after the Communist victory.
(1884-1972) Thirty-third president of the United States; he became president upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt. He led the United States through the end of World War II and the beginning of the Cold War.
(1947) U.S. president Truman's pledge to provide economic and military aid to countries threatened by communism.
the United States policy adopted in the 1940s to stop the spread of communism by providing economic and military aid to countries opposing the Soviets.
Cold War conflict on the Korean peninsula beginning in 1950 when the communist North invaded the noncommunist South; the United States and UN intervened; an armistice was signed in 1953.
an imaginary line marking 38 degrees of latitude, particularly the line at 38 degrees of latitude north across the Korean Peninsula, dividing Soviet forces to the north and American forces to the south after World War II.
a thin band of territory across the Korean peninsula separating North Korean forces from South Korean forces; established by the armistice of 1953.
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
North Atlantic Treaty Organization; a defensive military alliance of twelve Western nations formed in 1949.
a military alliance of the Soviet-dominated countries of Eastern Europe, established in 1955.
(1948-1949) a program in which the United States and Britain shipped supplies by air to West Berlin during the Soviet blockade of all routes to the city.
John F. Kennedy
one of several U.S. presidents to rule during the Cold War; ruled during the Bay of Pigs Invasion and the Cuban Missile Crisis; was assassinated.
(1926 - ) Communist political leader of Cuba; he helped overthrow the Cuban government in 1959 and seized control of the country, exercising total control of the government and economy.
Bay of Pigs Invasion
(1961) the failed attempt of Cuban exiles backed by the U.S. to overthrow the Cuban socialist government by Fidel Castro.
Cuban Missile Crisis
(1962) confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union over Soviet missiles in Cuba.
Communist leader of the U.S.S.R. during the Cold War.
Ho Chi Minh
(1890-1969) Vietnamese nationalist and revolutionary leader; president of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) from 1945 to 1969; he wanted to bring communism to South Vietnam.
(1964-1973) Cold War conflict where the United States tried to stop Communism from spreading into South Vietnam; eventually more than 500,000 American troops were committed to the war
Vietnam War Continued
two years after American troops had withdrawn from the country, the North Vietnamese conquered South Vietnam. (has been referred to as a quagmire for the U.S.)
communist guerilla force allied with North Vietnam which fought to overthrow the government of South Vietnam from the 1950s to 1975.
Lydnon B. Johnson
(LBJ) U.S. President who ruled after the assassination of John F. Kennedy; President during the Vietnam War; known for his Civil Rights legislation.
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
Passed by Congress on August 7, 1964, this authorized the President (LBJ) to take all necessary measures to prevent further aggression in Southeast Asia; after this resolution passed, the United States began bombing targets in North Vietnam.
soft miry land that shakes or yields under the foot, swampy; a difficult or precarious position: predicament.
the belief during the Cold War that the fall of one non-communist country to communism would cause neighboring non-communist countries also to fall to communists.
(1931- ) Russian politician; he was the last president of the Soviet Union before the country's collapse in 1991.
Muslim religious warriors; greatly resisted Soviet expansion into Afghanistan, "the Soviet Vietnam," and was supported by the U.S.
"openness" in Russian; a Soviet policy of greater freedom of expression introduced by Mikhail Gorbachev in the late 1980s.
"restructuring" in Russian; a Soviet policy of democratic and free-market reforms introduced by Mikhail Gorbachev in the late 1980s.
Tiananmen Square Massacre
violent suppression by the Chinese communist government of a large prodemocracy protest in Beijing's central square in 1989.
U.S. President during the Cold War; ruled during the 1980s; talked tough against Communism.
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