Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (31)
Code of ethics
"A set of guidelines that the American Sociological Association has established to foster ethical research"
Culture refers to the ways of life of the members of society, or of groups within a society. It includes how they dress, their marriage customs, language and family life.
Goffmans theory of self presentation. We are like actors on stage whose performance strategies aid in impression management.
Worldwide integration of culture, ideas, media, and technology through cross-cultural exchange due to advances in communication systems and economic interests.
(also referred to as the observer effect)(change their behavior because they know they are being watched)
Manifest functions: Stated and open goals of social behavior
("Why it is important to fall in line")
Latent functions: Unconscious or unintended consequences of behavior
(Not so obvious reasons. Negative consequences of behavior)
How we imagine others see us, and the feelings about ourselves based on the perceived judgement.
Major theoretical perspectives
the functionalist , conflict, and the symbolic interactionist perspective. (sometimes called the interactionist perspective, or simply the micro view).
Mead's development of the self
1. Preparatory Stage (up to age 3)
2. Play Stage (3 - 5)
3. Game Stage ( Early school years)
Norms ( Types & characteristics)
norms are social expectations that guide behavior. Norms explain why people do what they do in given situations. For example, in the United States, it is a norm that people shake hands when they are formally introduced.
Cross‐sectional, Longitudinal, Cross‐sequential,
perceptions of who we are in relation to ourselves, others, and to social systems. shaped through interaction with other people.
social actions between individuals (or groups) who modify their actions and reactions due to actions by their interaction partner(s). (People who change the way they act, depending on who they are with)
behaviors, rights, obligations, beliefs, and norms as conceptualized by people in a social situation.
The process by which a society, culture, or group teaches individuals to become functioning members, and the way people learn to internalize the norms of the group.
Study of human behaviors in society.
Scientific way of looking at society and its influence on human groups
status describes the position a person occupies in a particular setting. We all occupy several statuses and play the roles that may be associated with them. A role is the set of norms, values, behaviors, and personality characteristics attached to a status.
refers to understanding the meaning of action from the actor's point of view.
C. Wright Mills "Social Imagination"
It was used to describe the type of insight offered by the discipline of sociology.
Differences between everyday actor and social analyst
The everyday actor has the practical knowledge needed to get through daily life, but not necessarily the scientific or technical knowledge of how things work, whereas the social analyst studies the social world in a systematic, comprehensive, coherent, clear, and consistent manner in the pursuit of scientific knowledge.
Emile Durkheim's Suicide findings
Suicide is not an individual act. Suicide was a social fact that was tied to social structures. He defined suicide as a social fact because it was something that happened driven by social causes, however hidden they were.
Sociological code of ethics and its significance
Code of Ethics sets forth the principles and ethical standards that underlie sociologists' professional responsibilities and conduct.
Seven basic steps in the scientific method
Explain the idea of value neutrality as developed by Max Weber
It is the duty of sociologist to identify and acknowledge their own values and overcome their personal biases when conducting sociological research.
Describe Ethical concerns regarding confidentiality and conflict of interest. Give examples
Rik Scarce (1993): Jailed for withholding information
Conflict of interests
Exxon Valdez disaster (1989): Questionable research tactics after being fined
Distinguish between ethnocentrism and cultural relativism
Ethnocentrism is "my culture's the best in every way." Cultural relativism is "Every culture is equally valid
Discuss nature vs nurture debate
the debate is about traits we are born with (Nature), and ones that are developed through our life (Nurture).
Nature - Heredity vs
Nurture - Social environment
Difference between Organic solidarity and Mechanical solidarity
Mechanical solidarity is found in less structurally complex societies while organic solidarity emerges in industrialized societies.
Discuss culture change and the consequences associated
There are many reasons for cultural change: economic, political, environmental, and, of course, technological factors often operate concurrently to trigger cultural change. It could disconnect us from old social values.
Discuss social isolation and what it tells us about social interaction
Social isolation is the complete or near-complete lack of contact between an individual and society. It differs from loneliness, which reflects a temporary lack of contact with other humans. Social isolation can be an issue for individuals of any age, though symptoms may differ by age group.
Explain the concept of impression management and how face-work is related
is a conscious or subconscious process in which people attempt to influence the perceptions of other people about a person, object or event. ***
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Intro to Sociology Chapters 1-7
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Sociology 1304, Chapters 9, 10, 12
Sociology 1304 Test #2
Psychology test 4
Psychology modules 21,22,26,33