58 terms

Reading 8 Final


Terms in this set (...)

A specific theme that dominates a literary work plays a significant role in defining the nature of a story and the course of events
The base topic or focus that acts as a foundation for the entire literary piece
An extremely popular form of literary device where the writer jumbles up parts of the word to create a new word
A symbolic device in which characters or events in a story represent or symbolize ideas and concepts
Ending is a poor device in fiction which features a main character in a difficult dilemma
Glittering Generalization
A vague word or phrase used to evoke positive feelings rather than convey information. Opposite of name calling
Used to refer to the use of a comparatively milder or less harsh form of a negative description instead of it original form
Plain folk
The speaker presents him or herself as an average Joe- a common person who can understand and empathize with a listeners' concerns
Red herring
A persuasive tactic in which the reader is distracted with details not relevant to this argument
Persuading people to do something by letting them know others are doing it
Good feelings, looks, or ideas transferred to the person for whom the project is intended
Links a person, idea, or product to a negative symbol
Appeal to numbers, facts, or statistics
A propaganda technique in which the reader is persuaded by showing how many people think something is true
A message used to persuade you to believe something or do something
Using words and images of a famous person or an expert to persuade
Circular Argument
A propaganda tactic in which a conclusion is stated as part of proof of the argument
Sweeping Generalization
A propaganda technique in which the author makes an oversimplified statement about a group based on limited information
The place or location of the action. This provides historical and cultural context for characters
When two words are put together that contradict each other
A figurative saying in which a bit of wisdom is given
A form of word play in which words have a double meaning
A saying that isn't meant to be taken literally. Doesn't mean what it says
A word that makes a sound
Two things compared without using like or as
Giving human traits to objects or ideas
Exaggerating to show strong feeling or effect
Comparison of two unlikely things using like or as
Verbal Irony
"Sarcasm" occurs when a writer makes a statement in which the actual meaning differs from the meaning that the words appears to express
A literary or cinematic device in which an earlier event is inserted in to normal order
Situational Irony
Occurs when the reader is led to believe that one thing will occur but in fact the opposite occurs
Dramatic Irony
Occurs when the reader/audience knows something, but the characters do not
Occurs when a piece of writing is making fun of a human weakness or characters flow
Expression, idea, or element of work which has become overused to the point where its losing its original meaning
A dynamic or round character goes through a change. A static or flat character remains the same throughout the story
The sequence of events and happenings that make up a story
Used when the writer puts two sentences of contrasting meaning close to one another
Objects that represent something else more meaningful
Refers to a single, related chunk of lines in poetry
Phrases to create mental images for the reader using the 5 senses. Helps the reader visualize and experience the authors writing
Third Person Objective
Narrator does not reveal any characters thoughts and feelings
Third Person Limited
Narrator is limited to one character
Third Person Omniscient
Narrator is all knowing
Second Person
Addresses the reader
First Person
Story told by the narrator form his/her point of view
Created when the setting or scene creates an emotional response in the reader/viewer
A concept, person, or an object that has served as a universally understood prototype of its kind
Rhyme Scheme
The practice of rhyming words placed at the end of the lines in poetry; refers to the order in which particular words rhyme
Internal Rhyme
A practice of forming a rhyme in only one line or verse. Also known as the middle rhyme
The struggle between opposing forces
The part of any plot line. The most exciting part of the plot
A figure of speech in which the speaker addresses an object, concept or person
A character, group of character, or institution that opposes the protagonist or main character
A comparison between two things for the purpose explanation and clarification
A figure of speech where the author refers to a subject matter such as a person, place, event, or literary work in a passing reference
The repetition of an initial consonant sound
The atmosphere that pervades a literary with the intention of evoking a certain emotion or feeling from the audience
Central idea
The central, unifying element of the story, which ties together all of the other elements of fiction used by the author to tell the story
Pathetic Fallacy
Treatment of inanimate objects as if they had human feelings