58 terms

Reading 8 Final

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Motif
A specific theme that dominates a literary work plays a significant role in defining the nature of a story and the course of events
Theme
The base topic or focus that acts as a foundation for the entire literary piece
Anagram
An extremely popular form of literary device where the writer jumbles up parts of the word to create a new word
Allegory
A symbolic device in which characters or events in a story represent or symbolize ideas and concepts
Cliffhanger
Ending is a poor device in fiction which features a main character in a difficult dilemma
Glittering Generalization
A vague word or phrase used to evoke positive feelings rather than convey information. Opposite of name calling
Euphemism
Used to refer to the use of a comparatively milder or less harsh form of a negative description instead of it original form
Plain folk
The speaker presents him or herself as an average Joe- a common person who can understand and empathize with a listeners' concerns
Red herring
A persuasive tactic in which the reader is distracted with details not relevant to this argument
Bandwagon
Persuading people to do something by letting them know others are doing it
Transfer
Good feelings, looks, or ideas transferred to the person for whom the project is intended
Name-calling
Links a person, idea, or product to a negative symbol
Appeal to numbers, facts, or statistics
A propaganda technique in which the reader is persuaded by showing how many people think something is true
Propaganda
A message used to persuade you to believe something or do something
Testimonial
Using words and images of a famous person or an expert to persuade
Circular Argument
A propaganda tactic in which a conclusion is stated as part of proof of the argument
Sweeping Generalization
A propaganda technique in which the author makes an oversimplified statement about a group based on limited information
Setting
The place or location of the action. This provides historical and cultural context for characters
Oxymoron
When two words are put together that contradict each other
Proverb
A figurative saying in which a bit of wisdom is given
Pun
A form of word play in which words have a double meaning
Idiom
A saying that isn't meant to be taken literally. Doesn't mean what it says
Onomatopoeia
A word that makes a sound
Metaphor
Two things compared without using like or as
Personification
Giving human traits to objects or ideas
Hyperbole
Exaggerating to show strong feeling or effect
Simile
Comparison of two unlikely things using like or as
Verbal Irony
"Sarcasm" occurs when a writer makes a statement in which the actual meaning differs from the meaning that the words appears to express
Flashback
A literary or cinematic device in which an earlier event is inserted in to normal order
Situational Irony
Occurs when the reader is led to believe that one thing will occur but in fact the opposite occurs
Dramatic Irony
Occurs when the reader/audience knows something, but the characters do not
Satire
Occurs when a piece of writing is making fun of a human weakness or characters flow
Cliché
Expression, idea, or element of work which has become overused to the point where its losing its original meaning
Character
A dynamic or round character goes through a change. A static or flat character remains the same throughout the story
Plot
The sequence of events and happenings that make up a story
Antithesis
Used when the writer puts two sentences of contrasting meaning close to one another
Symbol
Objects that represent something else more meaningful
Stanza
Refers to a single, related chunk of lines in poetry
Imagery
Phrases to create mental images for the reader using the 5 senses. Helps the reader visualize and experience the authors writing
Third Person Objective
Narrator does not reveal any characters thoughts and feelings
Third Person Limited
Narrator is limited to one character
Third Person Omniscient
Narrator is all knowing
Second Person
Addresses the reader
First Person
Story told by the narrator form his/her point of view
Atmosphere
Created when the setting or scene creates an emotional response in the reader/viewer
Archetype
A concept, person, or an object that has served as a universally understood prototype of its kind
Rhyme Scheme
The practice of rhyming words placed at the end of the lines in poetry; refers to the order in which particular words rhyme
Internal Rhyme
A practice of forming a rhyme in only one line or verse. Also known as the middle rhyme
Conflict
The struggle between opposing forces
Climax
The part of any plot line. The most exciting part of the plot
Apostrophe
A figure of speech in which the speaker addresses an object, concept or person
Antagonist
A character, group of character, or institution that opposes the protagonist or main character
Analogy
A comparison between two things for the purpose explanation and clarification
Allusion
A figure of speech where the author refers to a subject matter such as a person, place, event, or literary work in a passing reference
Alliteration
The repetition of an initial consonant sound
Mood
The atmosphere that pervades a literary with the intention of evoking a certain emotion or feeling from the audience
Central idea
The central, unifying element of the story, which ties together all of the other elements of fiction used by the author to tell the story
Pathetic Fallacy
Treatment of inanimate objects as if they had human feelings