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49 terms

World Geography

Definitions fro book World Cultures and Geography Eastern Hemisphere.
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Demography
the branch of sociology that studies the characteristics of human populations
Mesopotamia
Land between Tigris and Euphrates Rivers.
Fertile Crescent
A region stretching from the Persian Gulf northwest up the Tigris and Euphrates rivers and west over to the Mediterranean Sea
Relief
The difference in the elevation of a landform from its lowest point to its highest point.
Plate Tectonics
the branch of geology studying the folding and faulting of the earth's crust
Spreading Center
The region at the crest of a mid-ocean ridge, where new crust is being formed by seafloor spreading.
Subduction Fault
a fault along which a tectonic plate subducts under another
Strike/Slip Faulting
When plates of the earth strike each other or slip and make a fault.
Domus
home
Cosmology
the branch of astrophysics that studies the origin and evolution and structure of the universe
Ur
an ancient city of Sumer located on a former channel of the Euphrates River
Paleolithic
second part of the Stone Age beginning about 750,00 to 500,000 years BC and lasting until the end of the last ice age about 8,500 years BC
Mesolithic
middle part of the Stone Age beginning about 15,000 years ago
Neolithic
latest part of the Stone Age beginning about 10,000 BC in the middle east (but later elsewhere)
Ubeidiya
Site on Jordan River (Israel), on natural corridor out of Afr. No hominid fossils, but stone tools similar to those from E Afr (Oldowan), and many Afr mammal bones, ~1.5-1.6 myr.
Homo Erectus
extinct species of primitive hominid with upright stature but small brain
Archaic Homo Sapien
~400,000 ya; large brain, forehead, slight brow ridge, rounded skulls
Homo Neanderthal
inhabited parts of Europe and Asia about lived from about 350,000 to 30,000 years ago
Skhul Cave
One of the Middle Paleolithic sites in Israel where modern human skeletons have been found
Shanidar Cave
Neanderthal burial site--individual buried in cave with flowers (pollen)
Evidence of compassion--individual was previously horribly wounded, but survived--had to have been taken care of by someone
Catal Hayuk
A large neolithic city in modern Turkey. The first city ever. They used stone and bone for tools but died out before metal was used. It was from 6500BCE-5700BCE.
Palenology
The scientific study of spores and pollen.
Plan View Map
The top view of something.
Cross-Section Map
Drawing that shows a view of something as if you could slice through it
Profile Map
a drawing which outlines the surface of the land showing the height and depths of hills and valleys.
Strata
Layers of the earth
Zoroastrianism
system of religion founded in Persia in the 6th century BC by Zoroaster
Dualism
the doctrine that reality consists of two basic opposing elements, often taken to be mind and matter (or mind and body), or good and evil
Ahura Mazda
chief deity of Zoroastrianism
Theocratic
of or relating to or being a theocracy
Judaism
the monotheistic religion of the Jews having its spiritual and ethical principles embodied chiefly in the Torah and in the Talmud
Monotheism
belief in a single God
Allah
Muslim name for the one and only God
Yahweh
a name for the God of the Old Testament as transliterated from the Hebrew consonants YHVH`
Baha'i
a teacher of or believer in Bahaism
Norm
a statistic describing the location of a distribution
Ritual
A set of regularly followed ceremonies.
Taboo
an inhibition or ban resulting from social custom or emotional aversion
Ontos
being
Quercus
oaks
Juniperus
junipers
Opuntia
large genus of cactuses native to America: prickly pears
Berekhat Ram, Israel
A Palaeolithic site.
Stratigraphic Map
A map showing the areal distribution, configuration, or aspect of a stratigraphic unit or surface, such as an isopach map or a lithofacies map.
Avesta Texts
Primary collection of sacred texts of Zoroastrianism
Diospyrus
a genus of trees or shrubs
Torah
The first five books of the Hebrew Scriptures.
Bible
The sacred book of Christianity, a collection of ancient writings including the books of both the Old Testament and the New Testament.
Quran
the sacred writings of Islam revealed by God to the prophet Muhammad during his life at Mecca and Medina