32 terms

Malnutrition

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2 things that causes malnutrition
1)over consumption
2)under consumption
4 types of malnutrition discovered by Jean Mayer
1)overnutrition
2)secondary malnutrition
3)Dietary Deficiency or Micronutrient Malnutrition (Vitamins + Minerals)
4)Protein-Calories Malnutrition
overnutrition can result from what 4 things?
1)lack of knowledge
2)over eating
3)insufficient exercise
4)supplementation
secondary malnutrition occurs when a person has either of what 2 things?
1)disease
2)condition that prevents proper digestion or absorption of food
7 common causes of secondary malnutrition
1)celiac's disease
2)eating disorders
3)diabetes
4)HIV/AIDS
5)Diarrhea
6)Intestinal Disease
secondary malnutrition often accompanies and does what to other types of undernutrition?
worsens
malnutrition has be a permanent priority of what organization?
WHO
7 benefits of breast feeding
1)increase immunity fxn
2)bonding with mom and baby
3)uterus contraction (protects mom)
4)free of contamination
5)meets nutritional needs for baby (except iron
6)decreased ear infections
7)decrease risk later in life for type 2 diabetes and obesity
5 barriers of why women do not breast feed
1)HIV/AIDS
2)work
3)culture
4)social stigma
5)no support
what is the term for a diet lacking in one or more essential micronutrients such as a vitamin or mineral results in dietary deficiency?
dietary deficiency or micronutrient malnutrition
2 things that are only required in small amounts, but insufficient in these can cause severe deficiency disease
1)vitamins
2)minerals
vitamin and mineral deficiences are extremely rare in developed countries, but with the exception of what?
iron deficiency anemia
what is the term for inadequate intake of protein or protein & energy?
protein-calorie malnutrition (PCM) or Protein-Energy Malnutrition (PEM)
what is the term for the occurrence of deficiency of both protein and calories?
marasmus
what is a form of malnutrition causes by inadequate protein intake?
kwashiorkor
kwashiorkor mainly affects who?
children
kwashiorkor is is prevalent where?
overpopulated parts of the world
what diet is mainly consisted with kwashiorkor?
starchy vegetables
3 countries where Kwashiorkor is prevalent
1)Africa
2)Central and South America
3)South Asia
3 common areas where kwashiorkor is common
1)areas of famine
2)limited food supply
3)low levels of education
3 early symptoms of kwashiorkor
1)fatigue
2)irritability
3)lethargy
4 things that will happens if protein deprivation continues
1)growth failure
2)loss of muscle mass
3)generalized swelling (edema)
4)decreased immunity
4 skin conditions associated with kwashiorkor
1)dermatitis
2)changes in pigmentation
3)thinning of hair
4)vitiligo
2 things of kwashiorkor that precede death
1)shock
2)coma
reddish discoloration of the hair and skin are seen in what ethnicity? (kwashiorkor)
african children
severe kwashiorkor can leave a child with what 2 things?
1)permanent mental disabilities
2)permanent physical disabilities
malnutrition in early life permanently decreases what?
IQ
improving what 2 things will increase kwashiorkor?
1)protein intake
2)calorie intake
full height and growth potential will never be achieved in children who had what?
kwashiorkor
what is a serious worldwide problem?
marasmus
6 effects of marasmus
1)loss of muscle fat
2)fatigue
3)decrease immune fxn
4)stunted growth
5)loss of hair
6)dry and scaly skin
3 causes of marasmus
1)nutrition
2)infections
3)socioeconomic factors
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