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World History: Ch 1&2

STUDY
PLAY
Artifacts
things made by human skill
Stone Age
time period of early human development
Ice Age
Cold weather period
Nomads
wanderers
Culture
a way of life
Artisans
skilled workers
Hieroglyphics
egyptian form of writing
Monarchy
government ruled by a king or queen
Dynasty
family of rulers
Hyksos
Invaders of egypt during the end of the middle kingdom
Empire
government that unities different territories under one ruler
Polytheism
belief in many gods
Monotheism
belief in one god
Ramses 2
last great ruler of egypt
City-State
government consisting of a town and the land around it
Stylus
sharpened stick used for writing
Cuneiform
Sumerian form of writing
Ziggurats
Sumerian temple
Nebuchadnezzar
Chaldean King
Hanging Garden
Built by Nebuchadnezzar for his wife
Zoroastrianism
Persian religion
Abraham
Founder of Hebrew people
Moses
Led hebrews out of slavery in Egypt
Philistines
Hebrew rivals
Prophets
Religious and moral thinkers
Ethical monotheism
Belief of one god with emphasis on moral behavior (Every one had to follow it)
Paleolithic
Old Stone age is also known as
Mesolithic
Middle Stone age is also known as
Neolithic
New Stone age is also known as
used simple tools (stone tools, controlled fire,and flint)
Name 1 paleolithic invention
Sea Level Drop and Migration
Name one way the Ice Age changed the world
Mesolithic
During what time period did people domesticate animals?
Specialized tools (Needles and Saws)
Name 1 neolithic invention
Advanced technical skills,development of cites,division of labor,calendars
What were four characteristics of civilizations?
need to track floods for agricultural
Why was a calendar so important to early civilization?
predictable floods,fertile soil,transportation
Why is Egypt the "gift of the Nile"?
Largest Pyramids (Pyramid Age)
What is the Old Kingdom known for?
Hyksos invaded with iron weapons
What is the Middle Kingdom known for?
Created strong empires (Empire Age)
What is the New Kingdom known for?
-testify before osiris
-heart weighted against the feather of truth
-Go to happy field of food or eaten
Describe an egyptians trip to the underworld
Good-water, trade
Bad-flooding, wars from trade
How was the location of Mesopotamia both good and bad?
It flooded unpredictably
How did the sumerian rivers affect the outlook of the people?
283 Laws, very harsh, eye for eye
Describe Hammurabi's law code
move troops, postal service
Why did the Assyrians build a large network of road?
calendar, astrology, hanging garden
The Chaldeans are best known for what?
Religion of Persians (good vs. evil)
What was Zoroastrianism?
They developed the alphabet, purple dye
The phoenicians are know for what?