A pattern of organization for a paper that finds similarities and differences between two or more things.
A pattern of organization for a paper that separates the paper based on items that can be proven and other's that are a person's beliefs, feelings, or thoughts.
A pattern of organization for a paper that helps the writer show the relationship be events and ideas and what results from them.
A figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things using the words like or as.
A figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things without using like or as.
A figure of speech in which the truth is exaggerated for emphasis or humorous effect.
A literary technique where the author uses words that imitate the sounds they are conveying.
A literary technique or figurative language where an author gives human qualities to an animal, object, or idea.
A literary technique that repeats the consonant sounds at the beginning of words in a sentence or phrase.
An expression that has a meaning different from the meaning of its individual words.
A piece of writing that tells a made up or imaginary story.
A piece of writing that tells about real people, places, and events.
An author's purpose for writing that provides factual information often for the purpose of explaining an idea or teaching a purpose.
The literary element of a story, poem or play that gives the time and place of the action.
The literary element of a story, poem or play that is a series of the events, including the exposition, rising action, climax, falling action and resolution.
The literary element that is a message about life or human nature. Often times it is a lesson to be learned.
This is the feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates for the reader.
This is an expression of the author's attitude toward his or her subject.
The reading strategy where the reader tries to figure out what will happen next and how the selection might end. Read on to see how accurate the guesses were.
The reading strategy where the reader pictures characters, events, and the setting to help better understand what is happening. Pay attention to the images that form in your mind as you read.
The reading strategy where the reader relates personally with what is being read. Find similarities between the descriptions in the selection and what you have personally experienced, heard about, or read.
The reading strategy where the reader takes a moment to ask about what they have read in a passage.
The reading strategy where the reader stops occasionally to review what they understand. Expect to have understanding change and develop as reading continues. Reread when necessary.
The strategy where the reader forms opinions about what has been read both while reading and once finished. Develop personal ideas about characters and events.
The voice that tells the story. Sometimes that voice is a character in the story or an outside voice.
A word part attached to the beginning of a word or root word to form a new word.
A word part that appears at the end of a root or base word to form a new word.
A word part that contains the core meaning of the word.
The part of the paper that should capture the reader's attention, and often times includes a thesis statement or main idea.
The parts of the paper that elaborate on individual sections of the main idea. Together they help develop an idea or accomplish a purpose.
The part of the paper that leaves the reader with a strong final impression and sums up the ideas addressed.
The part of the writing testing process that outlines the topic, the purpose, the audience and format expected for the end product.
Words and phrases that appeal to the reader's senses of sight, hearing, touch, smell, and taste.
The people, animals, or imaginary creatures who take part in the action of a work of literature.
The most important characters in literary works. Generally, the plot focuses on this person.
A work of fiction that centers on a single idea and can be read in one sitting. Generally it has one main conflict and one main character.
The central or most important idea about a topic that a writer or speaker conveys. Often times it is expressed in a topic sentence or thesis statement and is supported by details.
A type of literature in which words are carefully chosen and arranged to create certain effects. Authors use sound devices, imagery, and figurative language to express emotions and ideas.
Humorously exaggerated story about impossible events, often involving the supernatural abilities of the main character.
A traditional story, usually concerning some superhuman being or unlikely event, which was once widely believed to be true. Traditionally connected to Romans and Greeks.
A story handed down from the past about a specific person, usually someone of heroic accomplishments. They usually have some basis in historical fact.
A story that has been passed from generation to generation by word of mouth. The characters can be animal, human or superhuman beings, and are often associated with different regions.
A brief tale told to illustrate a moral or teach a lesson, which is typically stated at the end of the story. Often times the characters are animals.
A pattern of organization that shows the order of steps or stages in a process.
The arrangement of events by their order of occurrence in time.
A pattern of organization in which details are presented as they are/were located in space.
Order of Importance
A pattern of organization in which details are arranged from most important to least important.
A literary technique or figurative language that repeats vowel sounds within non-rhyming words.
This literary technique or figurative language is a special contrast between appearance and reality; usually what is stated or what happens is opposite of what is meant or actually happens.
A form of figurative language in which the words or components are opposites of one another.
This literary technique or figurative language is an overused phrase, something you should traditionally avoid in your writing.
This literary technique or figurative language consists of descriptive words and phrases that recreate sensory experiences for the reader.
A form of writing that is a true account of another person's life, written by another person.
A form of writing that is a true account of the author's own life.
First Person Perspective/Point of View
A method of narration or point of view where the narrator is a character in the story.
Second Person Perspective/Point of View
A method of narration or point of view where the narrator addresses the reader directly, attempts to pull them into what they are saying or doing.
Third Person Perspective/Point of View
A method of narration or writing point of view where the narrative voice is outside the action, not one of the characters.
An author's purpose for writing that attempts to convince the reader to adopt a certain viewpoint.
An author's purpose for writing that transports the reader to another place because of the emotional connections. The story may make you laugh, cry, become angry, or all of the above.
This is the first part of the story and plot diagram. It provides important background information and introduces the setting and important characters.
This is the part of the plot diagram heading up to the climax. This stage of the plot develops the conflict or struggles.
This is the point of greatest interest in a story, play or book. It is usually located close to the end and the conflict becomes resolved.
This is the stage of the plot where the story begins to draw to a close. This portion of the plot shows results of actions or important decisions.
This is the point of the plot where the final outcome of the story is worked out. Problems from earlier have been resolved.
A logical guess that is made based on facts and one's own knowledge and experience. In science we refer to it as a hypothesis.
Character vs. Character
A type of conflict that involves two or more characters either verbally, emotionally, or physically fighting one another.
Character vs, Self
A type of conflict that involves the main character and themselves. Usually the person needs to make a decision.
Character vs. Nature
A type of conflict that involves the main character fighting storms or other natural phenomenon.
Character vs. Society
A type of conflict that involves the main character fighting ideas and beliefs that are surrounding them socially. Examples might be racism or bullying.
This is restating information in one's own words. The length isn't shorten.
This is to briefly retell the main ideas of a piece of writing shortened and in one's own words.
The trait(s) that are worth 35% of the overall state score. Scorers are looking for a clear picture and that it is well-focused on the topic assigned.
The trait(s) that is worth 25% of the overall state score. Scorers are looking for sound paragraphing that includes an effective introduction, body and conclusion.
The trait(s) that are worth 20% of the overall state score. Scorers are looking for words and phrases that are vivid, specific and expressive.
The trait(s) that are worth 20% of the overall state score. Scorers are looking for sentence variety and clean use of grammar, spelling and punctuation.
This step in the writing process occurs at the beginning. The writer begins to accumulate ideas traditionally in list form.
This tool for writing is essentially a word picture. Take the brainstormed topic and elaborate with details which will possibly be used in the writing and organize them on a picture.
The first version of a piece of writing. A writer's first chance to construct the content of their graphic organizer in paper form.
The sentence of a paragraph that states the paragraph's main idea. All other sentences in the paragraph provide supporting details. Is not research based.
Words or phrases that show connections between details. They help show how ideas relate to one another.
Questioning or investigating into a subject in order to discover facts or answer questions.
A statement that is the main proposition that a writer attempts to support through research in a piece of writing.
An alphabetical list of all the works a writer has referred to in his or her text.
Anything that supplies information for a research project or paper.
A form or practice of writing that is time sensitive, driven by a prompt, and is scored using an assigned rubric.
A category in which a work of literature is classified.
Words or phrases surrounding a word that provide hints about the word's meaning.
A comparison between two things that are alike in some way (this is not a simile or metaphor).
When a writer provides hints that suggest future events in a story.
An interruption of the action to present events that took place at an earlier time.
A force or person working against the protagonist, main character, in a story, play or novel.
The main character in a story, play or novel. This person is fighting against the antagonist.
Less important characters in a literary work. Though the story is not centered around them, they help the plot move along.
A person who undergoes important changes as a plot unfolds in literary work. Can be the same as the main character.
A person who remains the same throughout a story.
When a writer uses someone else's words or ideas without correctly formatting and crediting them.
A group of two or more lines that form a unit in a poem.
A person, place, object or activity that stands for something beyond itself in a piece of literature.
Feeling of growing tension and excitement felt by a reader.
The information a reader already possesses about a topic prior to learning more in the lesson.
A type of narrative poem that tells a story and was originally meant to be sung or recited.
A pair of lines in poetry that sometimes rhyme and form their own stanza.
A short, humorous originally Irish poem composed of five lines and follows the rhyme scheme aabba.
A regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a poem.
A type of lyric poem that deals with serious themes and usually commemorates events or praises people.
Poetry that does not contain regular patterns of rhythm or rhyme.
A poem that has a formal structure, containing 14 lines and a specific rhyme scheme and meter. Think Shakespeare.
Fiction in which the writer explores unexpected possibilities of the past or the future.
Fiction that is highly imaginative and portrays events, settings, or characters that are unrealistic.
Fiction that is set in the past and includes real places and real events of historical importance.
Fiction that is based in reality with characters that could easily be real but are not.
A part of speech: person, place, thing, or idea.
A part of speech: a word that takes the place of a noun
A part of speech: a word that expresses action, a state of being or feeling, or a relation between two things
A part of speech: a word that describes a noun
A part of speech: a word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb
A part of speech: relates a noun or pronoun following it to another word in the sentence
A part of speech: a word that joins words or groups of words together in a sentence
A part of speech: a word or phrase inserted to express emotion; a word not linked grammatically to other words in a sentence.