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ANTH 215 Final
Terms in this set (42)
allopathic medicine based on the scientific method, with a focus on symptom alleviation, curative and preventative treatments, and dependency on technologies (instruments, treatments, medications, etc.). It is a cultural system with Western values as its foundation.
the process of blending another group's medical remedies, knowledge, and techniques of treatment and diagnosis of illness with one's own.
Commissioned by the AMA, it was a historical turning point in medical education. The goal was to standardize and raise the status of American medical education, which intensified sexism, racism, and classism in medical education and care.
is systematized, orderly, and based on empirical observation or experiment
is knowledge that builds and reflects power relationships to construct a stronger professional base and practice
A set of congruent behaviors, attitudes, and policies that come together in a system, agency, or among professionals that enables effective work work in a cross-cultural situation.
members of community become representative of The Culture
the belief that our emotional and behavioral patterns are determined by our culture
it is a commitment and active engagement in a lifelong process and an ongoing basis with patients, communities, colleagues, and with ourselves - a process that requires humility in how we bring into check the power imbalances that exist in the dynamics of communication and institutions we work in
each person's (or a cultural/social group's) understanding of a health condition, in terms of its definition, etiology, causes, onset, symptoms, pathophysiology, course, and treatment
the coexistence of multiple medical traditions, or as bodies of practice and thought, within cultures and civilizations
research, specifically ethnography, taken on by a cultural insider (native anthropologist) in a community to which they belong
anthropological analysis on the individual and local levels
anthropological analysis on the national and global levels
what results from what is done or not done in healthcare
positive health outcomes
being alive, functioning well mentally, physically, socioculturally, and having a sense of well-being
negative health outcomes
death, loss of function, and lack of well-being
HMOs (health maintenance organizations)
first established by vehicle manufacturer Kaiser Permanente in the 1950s, emphasis on delivering preventative care and primary health care for their workers, who paid a set premium. Today, they emphasize the same, but are now open to the public becoming members
ACA (Affordable Care Act)
Overhaul of US healthcare system signed into law in 2010. It is a measure with the goal to increase the quality and affordability of health insurance, lower the uninsured rate by expanding public and private insurance coverage, and reduce the costs of healthcare for individuals and the government
people's need for medical care is separate from people's abilities to pay from care (finance should never be a driving force eliminating or limiting your access). The ideal is to distribute care according to medical need
individuals should pay for the quality and risk of their particular medical care need (care is not a right but based/shaped by finances). Ideally, each person should pay a premium based on risk, behavior, overall health, previous consumptions of medical care & future predictions
the application of anthropological data, theory, and methods to identify, assess, and solve social problems (via education, prevention and intervention programs).
Latino Health Paradox
recent Latino immigrants have, on average, better health than native-born Americans, even when they are poor. However, after living in the U.S. for 5 years or more, their health outcomes become markedly worse, especially those of the next generation
is a social structure made up of social actors (individuals, groups, organizations, and even entire societies) that constantly interact with one another, usually for mutual benefit.
protective health factors
social, cultural, economic, and political factors that protect an individual's and/or community's health.
a process of globalization, it is extending or operating across national boundaries and borders
is embedded in the concept of structural violence (4/12) and how this violence produces and reproduces economic and bodily vulnerability. It requires an analysis of the forces that constrain decision-making and limit life options
CBPR (Community Based Participatory Research)
is a research method that allows full involvement of participants in all stages of the research process with the researcher as a peer collaborator
Hometown Associations (HTAs)
part of a person's social network, they are associations,
organizations, and clubs of immigrants from the same town or region. These aid organizations are established to deal with social, economic, and cultural problems, and provide mutual assistance.
2000s - present
Medical syncretism, culturally competency and humility, ACA
1960s - 1970s
Medicare and Medicaid
1940s - 1950s
use of antibiotics
1980s - 1990s
corporate managed care
Boom in research and militarization of medicine and medical vocabulary
Medicine is rooted in folk medicine and medical syncretism
1800s - 1900s
1860s - 1870s
three risks and critiques of cultural competency
It suggests culture can be reduced to a technical skill for which clinicians can be trained; Stereotyping, generalizing, false expectations, cultural determinism; Culture is seen as static.
What are three tools for cultural humility-based care?
self-reflexivity; addressing power relations; ethnography
What are the three "waves" of transnational Mexican migration to the U.S.?
1940s-60s: WWII and Bracero Program
1980s: Family reunification and 1982 Mexican Debt Crisis
Sets with similar terms
Medical Anthropology Midterm
Chapter 2 - Culture & Health
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