AP US History Period 9, 1980-Present

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Ronald Reagan
An American politician and actor who was 40th President of the United States from 1981 to 1989.
Deregulation
The process of removing or reducing state regulations, typically in the economic sphere. It is the undoing or repeal of governmental regulation of the economy.
Social Safety Net
A collection of services provided by the state or other institutions such as friendly societies, including welfare, unemployment benefit, universal healthcare, homeless shelters, and sometimes subsidized services such as public transport, which prevent individuals from falling into poverty.
Real Wages
Wages adjusted for inflation, or, equivalently, wages in terms of the amount of goods and services that can be bought. This term is used in contrast to nominal wages or unadjusted wages.
Interventionist
A state's intervention in the affairs of another nation as part of its foreign policy
World Trade Center
The original World Trade Center was a large complex of seven buildings in Lower Manhattan, New York City, United States.
Pentagon
The headquarters of the United States Department of Defense, located in Arlington County, Virginia, across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C.
Afghanistan
Officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia. It has a population of approximately 32 million, making it the 42nd most populous country in the world.
Iraq
Officially the Republic of Iraq, is a country in Western Asia. The country is bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest, and Syria to the west.
War on Terrorism
Also known as the Global War on Terrorism, refers to the international military campaign that started after the September 11 attacks on the United States.
Climate Change
The recent and ongoing rise in global average temperature near Earth's surface.
Clinton v. Jones (1997)
Rejecting an appeal by Pres. Clinton in a sexual harassment suit, the Court ruled that a sitting president did not have temporary immunity from a lawsuit for actions outside the realm of official duties.
Boy Scouts of America v. Dale (2000)
The Court ruled that the Boy Scouts of America could dismiss a troop leader after learning he was gay, holding that the right to freedom of association outweighed a New Jersey anti - discrimination statute.
Bush v. Gore (2000)
The court ruled that manual recounts of presidential ballots in the Nov. 2000 election could not proceed because inconsistent evaluation standards in different counties violated the equal protection clause. In effect, the ruling meant Bush would win the election.
Conservatism
a belief that limited government ensures order, competitive governments, and personal opportunity
Religious Fundamentalism
religious movement whose objectives are to return to the foundations of the faith and to influence state policy
Political Action Committees
groups formed for the purpose of raising money to elect or defeat political candidates , They usually represent business, unions, or idealogical interests.
Roe v. Wade
73 Supreme ct decision that stuck down 46 state laws restricting women's access to abortion (highlighted divisions within women's mvmt
Reagonomics
Ronald Reagan's economic beliefs that a captitalist system free from taxation and government involvement would be most productive " trickle down economics"
Sandra Day O'Connor
First woman to become a justice of the Supreme Court, under Reagan
Evil Empire
Reagan's nickname for the Soviet Union, illustrated an end to detente
Strategic Defense Initiative
Popularly known as "Star Wars," President Reagan's SDI proposed the construction of an elaborate computer-controlled, anti-missile defense system capable of destroying enemy missiles in outer spaced. Critics claimed that SDI could never be perfected.
Palestine Liberation Organization
a political movement uniting Palestinian Arabs in an effort to create an independent state of Palestine
Mikhail Gorbachev
Head of the Soviet Union from 1985 to 1991. His liberalization effort improved relations with the West, but he lost power after his reforms led to the collapse of Communist governments in eastern Europe.
glasnost
a Soviet policy permitting open discussion of political and social issues and freer dissemination of news and information
George Bush
Vice under Reagen. President during 1989-1993 Berlin wall comes down, Persian Gulf war against aggressive Saddam Hussein who invaded Kuwait.
Boris Yeltsin
President of the Russian Republic in 1991. Helped end the USSR and force Gorbachev to resign.
Panama Invasion
The first non-Soviet related invasion of the US due to a drug line in Panama
Persian Gulf War
a 1991 war in which the United States and its UN allies drove invading Iraqi forces out of neighboring Kuwait
Operation Desert Storm
Military operations that started on January 16, 1991, with a bombing campaign, followed by a ground invasion of February 23 and 24, 1991. The ground war lasted 100 hours and resulted in a spectacularly one-sided military victory for the Coalition.
Americans with Disabilities Act
Passed by Congress in 1991, this act banned discrimination against the disabled in employment and mandated easy access to all public and commerical buildings.
Bill Clinton
42nd President advocated economic and healthcare reform; second president to be impeached
NAFTA
North American Free Trade Agreement; allows open trade with US, Mexico, and Canada
Oklahoma City Bombing
Bombing of Murrah Federal Building. The blast, set off by Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols, killed 168 people, including 19 children in the building's day-care center.
No Child Left Behind Act
Federal law enacted in January 2002 that introduced new accountability measures for elementary and secondary schools in all states that wish to receive federal aid.
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