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Environmental Science Final Exam
Terms in this set (41)
the movement of people into or out of a population
distribution of certain ages in a specific population at a certain time
Least developed countries (what is it and what kind of birth rate)
study of a population
average # of years a person is likely to live
Most developed countries (what kind of rate/population growth)
slower/no birth rates (population growth)
Between 1880 and 1930 human population doubled due to what?
low death rates due to advancements in medicine
high birth rates
Which are some reasons that wood is considered a limited resource in many developing countries?
trees are harvested faster than they can go
Since 1970, fertility rates have done what?
List as many strategies that would reduce population size as you can
Increasing education for women
economic incentives to have family planning
Scientists predict population sizes by using these statistics
age structure fertility rate birth/death rates; survivorship
Age structure data include all of the following...
members of the population between 5 & 11 years old & the ratio of old people to young people
Educating women worldwide have lowered birth rates partly because...
they learn family planning techniques
Professionals who study and make predictions about human populations are called
The 1991 Cholera outbreak in Lima, Peru was caused by
unsafe drinking water
According to the Gap Minder (the graph with the circles from the notes...), all countries started out how...
poor & sick
Currently the fastest-growing populations are in what country
What reasons that would make it difficult to reduce population growth?
families need extra hands to support family income
Because birth rates have begun to fall, Earth's population will do this
Stabilize between 9 & 10 billion by the year 2050
A country that is growing its industry from a developing to developed nation is known as
What type of growth has been seen in population in the last century?
Define Infant Mortality
the death of a child before its first birthday
Access to adequate food, clean water, and fuel has resulted in a decline in
Infant mortality is most affected by
A population will shrink if deaths and emigrants exceeds
births and immigrants
What is the main source of energy in the poorest nations?
The one child law in china was enacted to control population by
decreasing birth rates
An age structure diagram is written as a
double sided bar graph
people leaving a country; movement out of a country
people coming into a country
According to the Gap Minder graph, life expectancy and ____ are linked
Which graph of the following shows the most rapid growth and why?
Graph A because this is a developing country; lots of babies are born
The middle portion of the graphs are colored slightly differently, what does that indicate?
What does the zero population indicate?
What will the middle graph look like in 100 years?
right; possibly taller
What is the middle graph becoming?
/What does the third graph look like
a column, less change in each group
The taller the graph...
the longer people live
What countries does the first graph represent?
What does the top portion of the graph represent?
What does the bottom portion of the graph represent?
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