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Terms in this set (29)
average ages at which developmental milestones are reached
gradual unfolding of a genetically programmed sequential pattern of change
changes in the size, shape, & characteristics of the body
changes in thinking, memory, problems solving, & other intellectual skills
changes in variables that are associated with the relationship of an individual to others.
Behavior & attitude; Self- knowledge & desire
a set of age norms defining a sequence of life experiences that is considered normal in a given culture and all individuals in that culture are expected to follow
a prejudicial view of older adults that characterizes them in negative ways.
specific period of development when an organism is especially sensitive to the presence (or absence) of some particular kind of experience
span of months or years during which a child may be particularly responsive to specific forms of experience or influenced by their absence.
an in depth examination of a single individual
data collections method in which participants respond to questions
a relationship between two variables that can be expressed as a number ranging from -1.00 to +1.00
presumed casual element in an experiment
characteristic or behavior that is expected to be affected by the independent variable.
cross longitudinal design
study of the same people over a period of time
combines cross sectional & longitudinal design
20th Century - maturation & genetics
19th Century - environmental influences
G. Stanley Hall
19th Century - questionnaires
18th Century - innate goodness
17th Century - blank slate; you become what you're taught
you are born knowing nothing and must be taught everything; nothing predetermined.
the belief that events occur in predictable ways and that one event leads to another
concept of vulnerability
The view that each child is born with vulnerabilities such as a tendency towards emotional irritability, alcoholism, allergies, etc.
goals of developmental science inborn biases
to find what "tendencies" babies are actually born with, and what they need to be taught.
longevity in 21st century
People are living way longer lives now than that of a hundred years ago.
Longitudinal case study
a study focusing on one individual for an extended period of time
A heuristic by which a new situation is judged on the basis of its resemblance to a stereotypical model.
Recommended textbook explanations
Myers' Psychology for AP
David G Myers
Myers' Psychology for the AP Course
David G Myers
Psychology: Principles in Practice
Spencer A. Rathus
Understanding Psychology, Student Edition
Richard A. Kasschau
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