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Theatre I A-B

STUDY
PLAY
accent
the specific sound qualities of the speech of a region
act curtain
a curtain made of lighter fabric used between scenes of a play, often decorated to reflect the mood or theme of the play
act
the major division of a play
acting areas
spaces onstage defined by the blocking patterns of actors in a scene
ad lib
see improvise (to speak or act without script)
age
to make a costume or other item look old
ambient light
existing surrounding light that may interfere with the projected image
amplifier
an electronic device that provides a power supply to speakers and other audio equipment
antagonist
a person, situation, or the protagonist's own inner conflict that is in opposition to the protagonist's goals
apron
the acting area of the stage that extends beyond the proscenium arch
arena stage
a performance space in which the audience sits all around the stage; sometimes called in-the-round
articulation
the clear and precise pronunciation of words
articulators
the parts of the body that create consonant sounds
artistic director
the person who hires the director, designer, and cast. In some theatre companies, these duties are handled by a production committee
aside
a statement by an actor spoken half to him/herself and half to the audience
assistant director
the person who assists the director by organizing the rehearsal process, coordinating rehearsal schedules, working with individual actors, and taking the director's notes
audition
an interview-like opportunity in which actors are able to demonstrate their talents, meet the person hiring the cast, and leave impressions of themselves
auditorium
the area of a theatre where the audience sits
auditors
the individuals who conduct the auditions, usually the director and assistant director
back wall
a wall separating the stage house from the backstage area. Doors in the back wall allow large pieces of scenery to be brought onstage
backing
flats, draperies, or drops-placed on the off stage side of openings in the set such as windows and doors, to block the backstage area from the audiences view
backlot
an outdoor soundstage at a film picture studio in which open-air scenes can be constructed and filmed
backstage
all areas of a stage other than the acting area that are out of sight in the audience
backstitch
a sewing stitch formed by taking one forward stitch and then beginning a short stitch from the back of it
balcony
upper floor in an auditorium that projects out over the main floor and provides additional seating for the audience
ballad opera
a burlesque form of Italian opera, originating in England in the 1700s, that combined spoken dialogue and songs set to popular music
barn door
an accessory for a Fresnel spotlight that controls the light beam with movable flippers
base coat
a preliminary coat of paint upon which effects are painted
basting
a sewing stitch made by long, widely spread running stitches, used for temporary holding hems and seams.
batter
a wood or metal pipe from which stage lights, drops, and scenery are hung
beat
a smaller section of a scene, divided where a shift in emotion or topic occurs
bevel cut
See miter cut (a basic saw cut in which the wood is cut at an angle)
blank verse
unrhymed poetry in which each line has five accented syllables; the verse pattern in which Shakespeare wrote most of his plays
blending
to diminish the intensity of a makeup color from strongest to lightest
blocking
coordination of actors' movements onstage
blocking rehearsals
a phase of rehearsals in which the director and actor work through blocking
blood pack
for use with stage blood, a sealed plastic bag that is taped to the part of an actor's body that will bleed
book
the script for a musical
boom/boomerang
an aluminum tripod with a cross bar at the top of which lights are hung; also called lighting tree
box office
where ticket sales are handled, usually located in the lobby of a theatre
box set
a feature of the realistic theatre, a two- or three- walled set representing the interior of a room
brace
to anchor scenery to the stage so it doesn't wobble
Broadway
the principal theatre district in New York City
build
to make a costume or set piece
Bunraku
traditional Japanese puppet theatre
business manager
the person who handles fundraising, publicity, programs, ticket sales, bill payments, and other business details of running a theatre
butt joint
a wood joint in which two square cut boards are joined end-to-face, end-to-edge, edge-to-edge, or end-to-end, and fastened with nails or glue or screws