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Terms in this set (41)
A device invented by Samuel F.B. Morse that used electricity passing through wires to send messages over great distances.
A tax on imported goods whose purpose is to make American goods cost less and imports cost more. The North supported it because it protected their industry, the South was against it because they paid more for their goods.
Creating parts that are exactly alike. This idea was created by Eli Whitney and assisted withthe mass productions of goods.
Bringing all manufacturing steps into one place. A method of production that brought many workers and machines together into one building.
A machine that could spin several threads at once. Invented by James Hargreaves, it helped indistrialize the textile industry.
Manufacturing based in homes rather than in a factory, commonly found before the Industrial Revolution.
A machine for separating the seeds from cotton fibers, invented by Eli Whitney in 1793. It gave a boost to both the cotton business and slave business.
Economic Development of North.
Economy based on industry (factories). Led to the growth of large cities.
Economic Development of South.
Economy based on agriculture (plantations). Cotton was the major crop that led to an increase in slavery.
U.S. senator from Kentucky who spoke for the interests of the west. He proposed the Missouri Compromise and the Compromise of 1850.
The issue was that Missouri wanted to join the Union as a slave state, therefore unbalancing the Union so there would be more slave states then free states. The compromise set it up so that Maine joined as a free state and Missouri joined as a slave state. Congress also made a line across the southern border of Missouri at 36 30' where all new states north of that line must be free states and states to the south of line could have slaves.
Compromise of 1850.
North : California enters the Union as a free state ( 16 to 15 ). Slave trade ends in Washington D.C., but slavery is still allowed.
South : Popular sovereignty would decide if New Mexico and Utah will have slavery. Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 enforces strict laws forcing the return of runaway slaves. Texas was paid for giving up land to New Mexico.
The practice of owning people and forcing them to work without pay. The South relied on slavery as the labor force for their agricultural economy based on cotton.
A system of secret routes used by escaping slaves to reach freedom in the North or in Canada. It greatly divided the North and South.
The most famous conductor on the Underground Railroad.
Became the best-known abolitionist speaker. He traveled widely speaking for African American rights.He edited an anti-slavery newspaper, the North Star.
People who wanted to end slavery.
Kansas - Nebraska Act.
An act made to decide if the Kansas-Nebraska territory would be slave or free by popular sovereignty, or the people would decide in those territories. It cancelled the Missouri Compromise that had banned slavery in these territories. Kansas territory became a bloody battleground for pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces.
The idea that political power belongs to the people. The people will decide by voting.
Harriet Beecher Stowe.
Abolitionist and the author of Uncle Tom's Cabin.
Uncle Tom's Cabin.
This book showed the hardships of slavery and was the second most sold book of the century (Bible was #1).
A slave who sued for his freedom based on the fact he once lived in a free territory.
Dred Scott Results.
Slaves are considered property and are not citizens, and slavery was protected by the constitution. Missouri Compromise and Popular Sovereignty are considered unconstitutional and congress cannot force slavery on any territory.
Fugitive Slave Act of 1850.
Part of the Compromise of 1850. It further split the North and South, because it led to increased involvement in the anti-slavery movement as well as the kidnapping of free blacks being sold into slavery.
John Brown's Cause.
Led a raid at Harper's Ferry and tried to start a slave revolt.
John Brown's Effects.
He is seen as a martyr for a just cause by the North. Support for him alarms the South.
Means to break away. The Southern states tried to break away and form their own country.
Belief that the South used to secede and led to the Civil War. It said a state could cancel federal power.
The first Confederate attack on federal property, which started the Civil War.
Northern Goals of the War.
To reestablish the Union. Bring the South back into the United States.
Confederate States of America.
The country the Southern states formed when they seceded. Existed from 1861-1865.
President of the Confederate States of America (CSA) during the Civil War.
This Confederate defeat was considered to be the turning point of the Civil War.
Vicksburg This was a Confederate stronghold on the Mississippi River. Its fall split the Confederacy and disrupted trade for the Confederates. It was under siege by the North from May to July 1863.
Military blockade of a town or fort to cut off supplies and bombardment in order to force it to surrender.
The capital of the Confederacy. Robert E. Lee defended in in 1865 before his surrender.
General Robert E. Lee.
Robert Edward Lee was an American general known for commanding the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War from 1862 until his surrender in 1865.
Appomattox Court House.
Site where Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant on April 9, 1865.
This went into effect in 1865. It officially outlawed slavery in the United States.
This was the first time that citizenship is defined for the United States. African Americans were included as citizens. It was ratified in 1868.
Voting rights were given to African Americans. It was ratified in 1870.
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