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12 terms

Types of False Reasoning

STUDY
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red herring
introduces an irrelevant issue to divert attention from the subject at hand
ad huminem
attacks the person rather than dealing with the real issue
false dilemna/either-or
forces listeners to choose between two alternatives neither of which is attractive
bandwagon
assumes that because something is popular it is good or correct or desirable
slippery slope
assumes that taking a first step will lead to subsequent steps that cannot be prevented
guilt by association
wrongdoing is assumed because of a past behavior
name calling
uses verbal assaults to belittle or nulify another's character or ability
equivocation
the argument of what a word means
non sequitor
the conclusion just doesn't follow from the major premise
card stacking
shows only the favorable qualities or attributes of a person, place, or thing
hasty generalization
general conclusions are assumed from an insufficient number of instances
false analogy
tries to compare two things that just don't have enough in common to make a fair comparison