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15 terms

Psychology Prologue Quiz 1

Answers and questions from http://bcs.worthpublishers.com/myers10e/default.asp#746145__766274__
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sensory experiences
Edward Titchener was concerned primarily with the study of
structuralism
The early school of psychology that used introspection was known as
William James
Who was the functionalist who authored a textbook for the emerging discipline of psychology?
thinking
Compared with the structuralists, early behaviorists were much less likely to focus on the study of
B. F. Skinner
The scientific study of behavior without reference to mental processes was of special interest to
Plato
Professor Schroeder argues that children have an innate concept of justice that enables them to distinguish between fair and unfair rules. This argument is most consistent with the views of
Descartes
In the context of debates over the origins of ideas, nature is to nurture as ________ is to Locke.
nature and nurture
Debates as to whether alcohol abuse is biologically determined or culturally influenced are most relevant to the issue of
a biopsychosocial approach
an integrated explanation of human behavior provided by the neuroscience, cognitive, social-cultural, and other perspectives in psychology is most clearly provided by
evolutionary
Understanding why the fear of darkness may have contributed to the survival of our human ancestors is most relevant to the ________ perspective.
cognitive
Which perspective would be most helpful for understanding the role of retrieval practice on long-term memory of information?
evolutionary; behavioral
Inherited traits are to learned habits as the ________ perspective is to the ________ perspective.
personality
Basic research on persistent human traits like optimism and pessimism is most characteristic of the specialty known as ________ psychology.
social
Professor Thurstone investigates whether a teacher's negative perceptions of some students can affect the students' test scores. Professor Thurstone is most likely a ________ psychologist.
the testing effect
Testing your ability to recall information you have just studied improves your long-term retention of that information. Psychologists have referred to this as