Chapter 12-Organzing support and finding for your speech
Terms in this set (37)
what is a purpose statement?
is a declaration for your specific goal for your speech, and it expresses precisely what you want in a presentation
what three things should you consider when crafting a purpose statement?
1. be specific
2. be declarative
3. be concise
what is a thesis statement?
a one sentence version of the message in your speech, expresses the message
what three things should you consider when crafting a thesis statement?
1. be concrete
2. make a statement
3. tell the truth
what does the introduction do?
previews the information to be presented
what is the purpose of a body paragraph?
composed of specific main points
what is the purpose of a conclusion?
summarizes main points
what are transitions?
connect the main points to one another
what are good techniques for grabbing the audiences attention in the introduction?
-present a quotation
-tell a joke
-pose a question
-cite an opinion
-note the occasion
-identify something familiar
what is the main point?
is a statement expressing a specific idea or theme related to the speech topic, most speeches have between 2 to 5 main points
what should main points contain?
-they should be related
-the should be distinct
-they should be equally important
what is a topic pattern?
you organize your main points to represent different categories
what is a time pattern?
you arrange your points in chronological order, useful when describing steps of a process, historical sequence of events
what is a space pattern?
organizes your main points according to areas
what is a cause and effect pattern?
you organize your points so that they describe the causes of an event or a phenomenon and then identify its consequences
what is a problem and solution pattern?
is similar to a cause and effect pattern, except that you are organizing your points so that they describe a problem and then offer one or more solutions for it
what should your conclusion do?
-it reinforces your central message
-creates a memorable moment: end with humor, emotional or dramatic note
what is a transition?
statement that logically connects one point in a speech to the next
what is a preview? (type of transition)
a statement alerting listeners that you are about to shift to a new topic
what is a summary? (type of transition)
statement that briefly reminds listeners of the points you have already made
what is a signpost?
single words and phrases that distinguish one point in a presentation from another and help listeners follow the speakers "path"
some transitions are nonverbal such as:
nonverbal transition are more effective because they seem natural
rule of subordination
specifies that some concepts in your speech are more important than others, the less important points should be your subpoints
rule of division
specifies that if you divide a point into subpoints, you must create at least two sub points
rule of parallel wording
states that all points and subpoints in your outline should have the same grammatical structure
structured set of all the points and subpoints in your speech
what does the title do in a speech?
expresses what you intend to say in your speech
a list of all the sources you used in preparing your speech, APA format and MLA format
an abbreviated version of your formal outline, purpose is to aid your delivery by reminding you of each of your points and subpoints
what should you do when writing your speaking notes?
-delete the title, purpose statement, and thesis statement
-abbreviate your main points and subpoints into a keyword
-abbreviate your conclusion the same way
what are the different types of support?
how should you evaluate supporting material?
knowingly using the information from another source without giving proper credit to that source
stealing your entire speech from another source and presenting it as if it were your own
when you copy words from multiple sources and put them together to compose your speech
failing to give credit for small portions of your speech that you did not write
a statement giving credit for the words to their original source