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Health 101 Chapter 3: Psychological Health
Terms in this set (37)
mental health, defined either negatively as the absence of illness or positively as the presence of wellness; contributes to every dimension of wellness
the ambitious outlook that encourages us to fulfill our own potential; the highest level of growth in Maslow's hierarchy
the ability to deal with the world as it exists without demanding
being tolerant of one's own imperfections
ability to rely on yourself; independence; the sense of being self-directed
capacity of intimacy
the ability to share/express feelings and thoughts without being afraid or fear rejection
a further aspect of self-concept
Intermittent Explosive Disorder (IED)
a person who's anger is explosive or misdirected
satisfaction and confidence in oneself; the valuing of oneself as a person
the ideas, feelings, and perceptions one has about oneself; is also called self-image
a feeling state involving some combination of thoughts, physiological changes, and an outward expression of behavior
the capacity to identify and manage your own emotions and the emotions of others
internal confusion about who one is
criteria for judging what is good and bad, which underlies one's moral decisions and behavior
a pattern of negative thinking that makes events seem worse than they are
the statements a person makes to himself or herself
a mental mechanism for coping with conflict or anxiety
the tendency to expect an unfavorable outcome
the tendency to expect a favorable outcome
expression that is forceful but not hostile
a feeling of fear that is not directed toward any definite threat
simple (specific) phobia
a persistent and excessive fear of a specific object, activity, or situation
an excessive fear of being observed in public; speaking in public is the most common example.
a syndrome of severe anxiety attacks accompanied by physical symptoms.
an anxiety disorder characterized by fear of being alone away from help, and avoidance of many different places and situations; in extreme cases, a fear of leaving home.
generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)
an anxiety disorder characterized by excessive, uncontrollable worry about all kinds of things and anxiety in many situations.
obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
an anxiety disorder characterized by uncontrollable, recurring thoughts and the performing of senseless rituals.
a recurrent, irrational, unwanted thought or impulse.
irrational, repetitive, forced action, usually associated with an obsession.
post-traumatic stress disorder
an anxiety disorder characterized by reliving traumatic events through dreams, flashbacks, and hallucinations.
an emotional disturbance that is intense and persistent enough to affect normal function; two common mood disorders are depression and bipolar disorder.
a mood disorder characterized by loss of interest, sadness, hopelessness, loss of appetite, disturbed sleep, and other physical symptoms.
electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
the use of electric shock to induce brief, generalized seizures; used in the treatment of selected psychological disorders.
seasonal affective disorder (SAD)
a mood disorder characterized by seasonal depression, usually occurring in winter, when there is less daylight.
a mood disorder characterized by excessive elation, irritability, talkativeness, inflated self-esteem, and expansiveness.
a mental illness characterized by alternating periods of depression and mania.
a psychological disorder that involves a disturbance in thinking and in perceiving reality; disorganized thoughts, inappropriate emotions, delusions, auditory hallucinations, deteriorating social/work functioning
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