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Civics Study Guide
Terms in this set (29)
cruel and oppressive government or rule.
is the right and acceptance of an authority, usually a governing law or a régime.
supreme power or authority
the power or right to give orders, make decisions, and enforce obedience.
Describe the relationship between power and authority.
People with the right to use power are said to have authority. People with formal authority have the legal right to use power.
People with formal authority have the legal right to use power.
A group of nations or states, or a government encompassing several states or political divisions, in which the component states retain considerable independence.
form of government in which the party (or a coalition of parties) with the greatest representation in the parliament (legislature) forms the government, its leader becoming prime minister or chancellor.
is a variety of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy.
government by a dictator
a form of government with a monarch at the head
What are your natural rights?
rights that all people have by virtue of being human
What is the Great Compromise?
the plan for a two house legislature
the principle that no person can be deprived of life, liberty, or property without fair legal procedures and safeguards
the right of accused persons to be brought before a judge to hear the charges against them
the power of the courts to declare laws and executive acts unconstitutional
the government's right to take private property for public use, as long as fair compensation is paid; the right to fair compensation is guaranteed under the Fifth Amendment
rule of law
the principle that government is based on clear and fairly enforced laws and that no one is above the law
a system of judges and courts that is separate from other branches of government
the principle that the people are the ultimate source of the authority and legitimacy of a government
checks and balances
a system in which each branch of government can limit the power of the other branches
separation of powers
the idea that the powers of a government should be split between two or more strongly independent branches to prevent any one person or group from gaining too much power
Significance of Bill of Rights
the first ten amendments to the US Constitution, ratified in 1791 and guaranteeing such rights as the freedoms of speech, assembly, and worship.
identify the current qualifications for voting
an applicant must be a U.S. citizen, a legal resident of the state, and 18 years old on or before election day.
Analyze and explain the electoral college
a body of people representing the states of the US, who formally cast votes for the election of the president and vice president.
an organization that seeks to achieve power by electing its members to public office
a political party's statement of principles and objectives
a person or group besides the two primarily involved in a situation, especially a dispute.
influence on public agenda
It can emphasize stories, Ignore stories and downplay/bury stories
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