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75 terms

US Constitution & Government

The Development of the US Constitution & How Our Government Works Created by Mr. Lickteig Fort Riley Middle School
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unconstitutional
what the Supreme Court rules if something is against the Constitution
unanimous
in complete agreement
George Mason
father of the "Bill of Rights"
economics
how a nation decide who gets what RESOURCES; $$
Capitalism
Free Market economy; winner-takes-all; used in USA
states
The Articles of Confederation gave power to the ________
federal
The Articles of Confederation created a weak ____________
Virginia Plan
idea that said a state's representatives should be based on its population
New Jersey Plan
idea that thought each state should have an equal number of representatives
bicameral
two houses
Great Compromise
the agreement to combine two plans and create a bicameral legislative branch
House of Representatives
this side of the legislative branch has representative's based on a state's population
Senate
this side of the legislative branch has an equal number of representatives from each state
2
number of Senators from each state
Congress
the word used to describe BOTH the House of Representatives and the Senate
3/5 Compromise
how the Constitutional Convention decided to handle slavery, made each slave worth part of the state's population
Federalists
these people wanted a strong central government and were in favor of the Constitution
Antifederalists
were worried that the Constitution did not have a Bill of Rights or gave too much power to the national government
Federalists Papers
collection of writings about why states should ratify the Constitution
impeach
the Legislative branch can "check" on the Executive Branch by _________ the president
President
Head of the Executive Branch
9
Number of Supreme Court Justices
2 years
how long a representative serves
4 years
how long a president serves
6 years
how long a senator serves
35 years old
how old you have to be to be president
25 years old
how old you have to be to be a representative
unconstitutional
if the Supreme Court reviews a law and finds it isn't in the Constitution, the law is declared _______________
judicial review
the process that the Supreme Court uses to judge on laws and cases
Executive
the branch that ENFORCES the laws
Judicial
the branch that INTERPRETS the laws
Legislative
the branch that MAKES laws
1st
amendment that protects freedom of speech, religion, press, and petition
2nd
amendment that protects right to bear arms
4th
amendment that prohibits unresonable searches
8th
amendment that protects against cruel and unusual punishment
10th
amendment that grants power to the states if it is not in the US Constitution
Bill of Rights
the first 10 amendements
1st
the article of the Constitution that addresses the legislative branch
2nd
the article of the Constitution that addresses the executive branch
3rd
the article of the Constitution that addresses the judicial branch
4th
the article of the Constitution that addresses the rights of states and how states can join the union
5th
the article of the Constitution that addresses how to amend the Constitution
James Madison
considered the father of the Constitution
veto
if the president rejects a bill, it is called a _______
committee
the first place a bill goes on it's way to becoming a law
anarchy
NO government, no control, total freedom
republic
government where people vote for REPRESENTATIVES who make decisions for them; also vote for President (Head Executive)
parliamentary
government where people vote for representatives; the POLITICAL PARTY in control picks their PRIME MINISTER (Head Executive)
monarchy
government ruled by 1 FAMILY (king, queen, emperor, chief, etc)
theocracy
government ruled by 1 RELIGION
totalitarian
government ruled by 1 specific PARTY; total control of country
dictatorship
government ruled by 1 PERSON
democracy
government where EVERYONE has a say in issues
oligarchy
government where a SMALL GROUP of ELITES make decisions
totalitarian
government where only ONE person or group makes the decisions
authority
who makes the decisions
Socialism
economic system where government controls parts of the economy and private enterprise runs other parts
Communism
type of economy where the GOVERNMENT runs everything
government
how societies and nations decide who will rule
libel
untruthful WRITTEN comments that harm a person's reputation
slander
untruthful ORAL comments that harm a person's reputation
fallacy
argument that does not make logical sense, but appears to be right
ad hominem
fallacy - attacking the person and not the issue
appeal to emotions
fallacy - using words to invoke feelings to get attention away from the issue
bandwagon
fallacy - creates the impression that everyone is doing it and so should you
false cause
fallacy - assumes a cause and effect relationship that is not true
hasty generalization
fallacy - draws a conclusion about a population based on a small sample
red herring
fallacy - presents an irrelevant topic to divert attention away from original issue
scare tactic
fallacy - creates fear as evidence to support a claim
testimonial
fallacy - use of celebrity to endorse a product or idea
glittering generarlity
fallacy - using words or phrases that sound wonderful but can not be proven true
electoral college
the process the US uses to elect president
538
total number of electoral votes available during a Presidential Election
270
the "magic number" needed to win a Presidential Election