16 terms

square of a number

the product of a number multiplied by itself Example: 5 x 5= 25

composite number

a whole number that has more than 2 whole-number factors Example: 10 because if has more than two factors

prime number

a whole number greater than 1 that has exactly 2 whole-number factors (1 and itself) Example: 7 because its only factors are 1 and 7

factor

a number that is multiplied by another number

array

a rectangular arrangement of objects in rows and columns

divisible by

one whole number is divisible by another whole number if there is no remainder when you divide Example: 28 is divisible by 7 it equals 4

exponential notation

a short way of showing repeated multiplication of the same factor (the big kid way)

odd

a number that is not divisible by 2 Example: 1, 3, 5, 7, 9 and so on

even

a whole number such as 2, 4, 6, 8, and so on that can be divided by 2 with 0 remainder

sum

answer to an addition problem

difference

how far apart two numbers are or the answer to a subtraction problem

product

answer to a multiplication problem

quotient

answer to a division problem

remainder

the amount left over when a set of objects is shared equally into groups

square root

the factor that you would multiple by itself to get the value given Example: If given 16, the square root is 4, because 4x4=16

prime factorization

a whole number broke down to be shown as the product of prime factors Example: 24 shown as 2x2x2x3