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37 terms

Muscle Naming

STUDY
PLAY
Rectus
Parallel to midline (Rectus abdominis)
*Direction
Transverse
Perpendicular to midline (Transversus abdominis)
*Direction
Oblique
*Direction
Diagonal to midline (external oblique
Maximus
*Size
Largest (Gluteus maximus)
Minimus
*Size
Smallest (Gluteus minimus)
Longus
*Size
Long (Adductor longus)
Brevis
*Size
Short (Adductor brevis)
Latissmus
*Size
Widest (Latissimus dorsi)
Longissimus
*Size
Longest (Longissimus capitis)
Magnus
*Size
Large (Adductor magnus)
Major
*Size
Larger (Pectoralis major)
Minor
*Size
Smaller (Pectoralis minor)
Vastus
*Size
Huge (Vastus lateralis)
Deltoid
*Shape
Triangular (Deltoid)
Trapezius
*Shape
Trapezoid (Trapezius)
Serratus
*Shape
Saw-toothed (Serratus anterior)
Rhomboid
*Shape
Diamond-shaped (Rhomboid major)
Orbicularis
*Shape
Circular (Orbicularis oculi)
Pectinate
*Shape
Comblike (Pectineus)
Piriformis
*Shape
Pear-shaped (Piriformis)
Platys
*Shape
Flat (Platysma)
Quadratus
*Shape
Square, four-sided (Quadratus femoris)
Gracilis
*Shape
Slender (Gracilis)
Flexor
*Action
Decreases joint angle (flexor carpi radialis)
Extensor
*Action
Increases joint angle (Extensor carpi ulnaris)
Abductor
*Action
Moves a bone away from midline (abductor pollicis longus)
Adductor
*Action
Moves a bone closer to midline (Adductor longus)
Levator
*Action
Raises or elevates a body part (Levator scapulae)
Depressor
*Action
Lowers or depresses a body part (Depressor labii inferioris)
Supinator
*Action
Turns palm anteriorly (Supinator)
Pronator
*Action
Turns palm posteriorly (Pronator teres)
Sphincter
*Action
Decreases size of opening (External anal sphincter)
Tensor
*Action
Makes a body part rigid (Tensor fasciae latae)
Rotator
*Action
Rotates a bond around longitudinal axis (Rotatore)
Biceps
*Number of origins
Two origins (Biceps brachii)
Tricepts
*Number of origins
Three origins (Triceps brachii)
Quadriceps
*Number of origins
Four origins (Quadriceps femoris)