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Christianity Takes Root, Kingdom of God, & Gospel Basics
Terms in this set (56)
What is the gift Jesus won for us?
Salvation and peace
the fiftieth day following Easter, which commemorates the descent of the Holy Spirit on the early Apostles and disciples
development of early christianity is credited to him; founded christian communities; Very educated Pharisee Roman citizen; Fluent in Greek, Aramaic and Hebrew; Supported himself in the trade of tent making Recruited by Jewish authorities to root out Christians; Contributed to death of St. Stephen, the first Christian martyr Revelation and conversion were simultaneous events for Paul; He became a vigorous missionary, hardy traveler,and prodigious writer(half of the books of the New Testament are attributed to Paul); New Testament writer who used the term "Gospel" the most
Paul of Tarsus
written by Luke; "Gospel of the Church" Tells of the growth of the Church from its small beginnings in Palestine to the ends of the earth (namely, the farthest reaches of the Roman Empire); Begins with two significant events: coming of the Spirit at Pentecost; and missionary and evangelization efforts of the early church, guided by the Holy Spirit
Acts of the Apostles
What was the outcome of Pentecost? How did the Apostles feel before and after?
Apostles went to preach the word of God and spread Christianity,
Before Pentecost: anxious because they were told that the Holy Spirit was going to come but they were not sure when, scared becayse they were without Jesus
During: probably scared at first but then felt relief and joyus because Jesus had come through with his promise
After: confident that they knew what to do and how to spread the Gospel
What is commonly referred to as the "Gospel of the Church"?
Acts of the Apostles
Who wrote the Acts of the Apostles?
What two key stories begin the Acts of Apostles?
Coming of the Spirit at Pentecost and Missionary and evangelization efforts of the early Church, guided by the Holy Spirit
How was the Christian lifestyle of sharing all things in common viewed?
Was viewed as odd because everyone else was not used to doing that was strange to onlookers
reference for the poor or sick in the Gospel of Luke
defends the Christian faith from against objections
the teachings of Jesus that begin with the Sermon on the Mount and that summarize the New Law of Christ. The Beatitudes describe the actions and attitudes by which one can discover genuine happiness and that teach us the final end to which God calls us: final communion with him in the Kingdom of Heaven
a name for followers of Jesus who died on the cross, early name for Christianity
Followers of the Way
the liturgical book that contains the texts and rubrics for the celebration of the Mass in the Roman Rite of the Catholic Church; the book the priest uses at the altar and at his chair. It includes all the prayers of the Mass
the pattern of specific event in human history that reveals God's presence and saving actions as told through the Scriptures
another word for miracle, used in the Gospel of John
"seeing the whole together," similar in style and share much of the same content; Matthew, Mark, and Luke
"lovers of God," term for the community of Luke
What can we say is true about all the Gospels?
They are not identical
They announce that Jesus is the one and only way to the Father
Each Gospel presents Jesus' life from a different perspective
Heart of all scriptures
Why did Jesus perform miracles?
provide credibility to Jesus' words and teachings by demonstrating his power over sin and evil
Through what does Jesus show his disciples that salvation will come?
Jesus shows his disciples that salvation comes through faith and a change of heart, not through violence and political power. He shows them by dying on the cross for us. His Resurrection affirms that everything he taught is true, and affirms that through Christ, sin and death are conquered forever.
How were the Gospels developed and formed?
The Gospels were developed and formed by the result of an experience that was passed on in spoken word. Eventually, they were preserved in writing. The three parts in the formation were the life and teachings of Jesus, oral tradition, and the written Gospels.
To whom did Luke address his Gospel?
Luke- addresses Gentile Christians in Antioch of Syria or Archai in Greece | also addresses theophilus (<— lover of God)
What is a central question about the Kingdom of God that the Gospel of Luke answers?
Who is welcome into the Kingdom of God?
What is emphasized about Jesus Christ in the Gospel of John?
The Gospel of John emphasizes the divinity of Jesus. It makes use of signs and statements to reveal the true identity of Jesus as the eternal Son of God. In the Gospel of John Jesus teaches primarily through signs, not parables. In the Gospel of John Jesus performs seven signs or seven acts of wonder that help bring about a new world order, from the first sign, Jesus changes water into wine at Cana, to the seventh sign, Jesus raises Lazarus to life. The signs teach that Jesus, the wonder worker, is God himself and because of this, he is the fullness of Revelation.
How many periods are in salvation history and identify?
There are eight major periods in Salvation History.
Primeval History- stories of things that happened before recorded History
Patriarchs- tell how God begins to form a special connection with a chosen race of peopel (abraham and Sarah)
Egypt and Exodus- concerns the liberation of Jacob's descendants from slavery in Egypt
Settling the Promised land- concerns the Israelites conquest of the promised land (moses died- Joshua take over)
Kingdom of Judah and Israel- the israelites want a king. God reluctantly answer the plea
Exile and Return- the people of Israel and Judah continue to turn away from God's covenant with them. God lets their kingdom be taken over. Israelites rewrite most of the sacred scriptures.
Life of Jesus Christ- God sends his only son
Early Christian Church- concerns the outpouring of the Holy Spirit and the growth of the Church after Jesus' ascension
What is the ultimate event in salvation history?
The Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John tell of how, when the time is right, God sends his only Son, Jesus Christ, into the world. This is the ultimate event in salvation history, Jesus Christ, the Word Made Flesh, the Second Person of the Trinity, is the complete and final revelation of God's saving plan.
What does Christ's Resurrection affirm?
Christ's Resurrection affirms that Jesus is the Son of God, affirms that everything he taught is true, and affirms that through christ sin and death are conquered forever. All baptized who put their faith in Jesus Christ will share his Resurrection. God's original plan for creation is now brought full circle as we anticipate the fullness of the Kingdom of God in which perfect goodness, harmony love and joy will be present for all eternity.
What impact did Vatican Council II have on the readings at Mass?
the Gospels were given specific years as in year A (matthew), Year B (Mark), and Year C (Luke); weekday readings were divided into year I (odd) and year II (even)
What words begin the Gospel of John?
"In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God,
and the Word was God."
-the evangelist and apostle; Jewish Christian well versed in Hebrew Scriptures
-addresses a mixed community of Christian and Gentiles
-Jesus is the teacher and Prophet; showed continuity of Israel of old and new things God has done in Christ Jesus Genealogy
-> to prove he was Messiah/connect him to the covenant
-might be John Mark, a companion of Saint Peter; most likely a Gentile Christian who may have been a disciple of Peter
-addresses community of non-Jewish Christians experiencing persecution, possibly at the hands of Roman emperor Nero
-Jesus is the Suffering Servant
-> shows the Humanity of Jesus, what it means to be a disciple
narrative of Jesus' life that helps to make sense of their suffering and persecution
-"The Beloved Physician," companion of Saint Paul; Gentile converted Christian, also author of the Acts of the Apostles
-addresses Gentile Christians in Antioch of Syria or Archai in Greece; also addresses Theophilus (<- over of God)
- Jesus is the Compassionate Healer-> the compassionate savior who welcomes all (both Gentiles and Jews are a part of Jesus' plan) -> explores who is "welcome" in the Kingdom of God emphasizes the presence of women in the ministry of Jesus
anawim -> all are welcome
-possible be John, "The disciple whom Jesus Loved," believed to be of a Christian community founded by the Beloved Disciple
-Johannine communities; to evangelize Gentiles and Jews; strengthen the faith of Christians everywhere
- Jesus is the Incarnate Word of God -> emphasizes Jesus' divinity strengthen faith of local Christians as wells as Christians everywhere
What is it that God desires most of us?
that we know him
What are the significant themes about Jesus in John?
Jesus is the preexistent Word of God, the seven signs, and the I AM statements
What components were central to Jesus?
his identity, mission and message of the notion of the Kingdom of God; his prayer and life experiences led him to identify himself as the proclaimer and possessor of the Kingdom; his parables pointed to and described the Kingdom; his miracles were signs of its presence in the people's midst
What kind of Messiah did the ancient Jews believe would deliver them from their oppression?
notion of a new national, political kingship through military conquest
What ideas did Jesus reject?
notion of people trying to make him a king or political ruler; violence --> this resulted in the elimination of the possibility of any sort of military takeover; boundaries or a particular geographical area;
the kingdom was a new philosophy or new plan for social reform
What did the ancient Jews believe about the kind of evil, not caused by sin?
the suffering, pain, and often untimely deaths brought about by natural destruction (such as hurricanes and earthquakes) and also by sickness and disease
What are characteristics of Jesus' divine authority?
Had ability to call God "my Father"; Claimed authority greater than that of the Law and, in turn, was able to call people to an interpretation of the Law in the light of unlimited love; Forgave sins on God's behalf; Enabled him to enter the Temple and rid it of injustice
What is meant by "right now" the Kingdom of God is fully present?
the power of God was fully present in Jesus and then released in all humanity through Jesus' death, his Resurrection, and the gift of the Spirit. All the power we need to overcome sin is available to us.
When is the Reign of God revealed to people?
"Right now, but not yet"
human need for hope for a future that is in some way better than the present
-Jesus' description of the rule, or reign, of God over the hearts of the people
-an ideal future but also a present reality that is communal in nature and implies a new relationship between God and people and among people themselves
-connotes the development of a new social order based on unconditional love
Kingdom of God
a change of heart, turning from selfishness to openness to God and the call to love
excessive sense of separation from all other cultures led some Jews to believe that "love your neighbor" referred to Jewish neighbors only
the Jews' extensive system of religious laws dominated virtually every aspect of life and actually oppressed people rather than just guiding them
freely chosen actions that have negative effects on sinners as individuals and on their relationships with others
social evil that affects all people simply because we live in community with one another. The effects of sinful actions of individual people accumulate over time into communal sin, which affects all who are born into it
sin and evil do exist in the world; the conflict between good and evil takes place both in the hearts of individuals and in their relationships with one another
Reign of Sin
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