Ap Eng cliffsnotes
Terms in this set (219)
Which of the following best describes how the 2nd and 3rd paragraphs are related?
C. The 2nd paragraph describes a sitionarion that is paralleled in the 3rd paragraph
The "nine-foot handsome face" (line 27) refers to
D. An image in the movies
The last sentence of the fourth paragraph ("Such books... onto screens") contains an example of
According to the passage, literature is likely to be characterized by all the following EXCEPT
A. Colloquial language
In the last sentence of the last paragraph, the phrase "sorrier pursuit" can be best understood to mean
B. Poorer occupation
In the last paragraph, the phrase "a poor thing, but our own" is adapted from Shakespeare's "a poor... thing, sir, but mine own." The change from the singular to the plural pronoun is made in order to
B. Include all readers of this passage who prefer literature
The sentences "The written word is weak" (line 1), "An ordinary reader... a thing" (lines 12-13), and "The printed word... should not" (lines 36-38) have in common that they
A. Concede a limitation of the written word
With which of the following statements would the speaker of this passage be most likely to disagree?
C. Good books will appeal to those who do not like to read as well as to those who do
The passage in its entirety is best described as about the
C. Differences between writing and film
Which of the following best describes the organization of the passage?
D. Five paragraphs with the first and last about writing, the third about film, and the fourth about both film and writing
All of the following are used in the passage EXCEPT
When the speaker addresses the "summer soldier and the sunshine patriot," he is most likely referring to
D. Those who support the revolution only when convenient
The speaker's style relies on heavy use of
B. Aphorism and emotional appeal
Which of the following does the speaker NOT group with the others
The "God" that the speaker refers to can be characterized as
According to the speaker, freedom would be considered
B. One of the most valuable commodities in heaven
The speaker's purpose in using the phrase "with as pretty a child... as I ever saw" (line 39-41) is most likely to
C. Add emotional appeal to his argument
Which of the following would NOT be considered an aphorism?
D. "Not a place upon earth might be so happy as America" (lines 51-52)
As seen in line 51-62, the speaker feels that, in an ideal world, America's role in relation to the rest of the world would be
A. Only one of commerce
The rhetorical mode that the soaker uses can best be classified as
Which of the following best describes the rhetorical purpose in the sentence "The heart that feels... made them happy" (line 63-66)?
E. It encourages support by an emotional appeal to all American patriots
All of the following rhetorical devices are particularly effective in the last paragraph of the essay EXCEPT
C. Deliberate ambivalence
The main rhetorical purpose in the essay can best be described as
D. A patriotic call to duty and action
In the first paragraph, the speaker suggests that
B. Lamb has chosen to ignore negative memories from his schools years
The speaker implies that the specific reason Lamb enjoyed the privilege of visiting his friends in town was because
C. Lamb's affluent financial standing influenced someone at the Inner Temple
The speaker's description of Lamb's food serves to
A. Juxtapose Lamb's relative wealth with the other boys' poverty
The passage contains all of the following EXCEPT
E. Historical allusion
The italics in "quite fresh" (line 35) serve the rhetorical purpose of
D. Emphasizing how stale the beef was
The image of the "marigolds floating" (line 36) emphasizes
B. A feeble attempt to hide horror of the meal
The speaker's rhetorical purpose in describing the food of everyday of the week is to
A. Emphasize the consistency of the inedible food
The "contending passion of L." (Line 52) suggests that Lamb
D. Suffered a conflict between embarrassment and affection that his aunt's actions caused
The description of Lamb's aunt implies that
A. Her love for her nephew outweighed her embarrassment at crouching and waiting for him with food in her apron
Which of the following emotions does Lamb NOT experience when his aunt brings him gifts?
Lamb's letter to Coleridge (note #6) implies that
D. He now better understands his conflicted reactions to her kindness
Note #2 presents the perception that
C. The three authors mainly recall the benefits of attending Christ's Hospital
Which of the following phrases most clearly contradicts the rhetorical purpose of the passage as a whole?
B. "... he has contrived to bring together whatever cab be said in praise of them..." (line 8-9)
The audience that might benefit the most from the speaker's ideas is likely to be those who
B. Think studies are unnecessary
The word "humor" (line 12) can be best defined as
According to the passage, reading is beneficial when supplemented by
C. Personal experience
A prominent stylistic characteristic of the sentence "Read not to... weigh and consider" (lines 21-24) is
D. Parallel construction
The sentence "They perfect nature... by experience" (line 12-17) most probably means that
E. Learning and experience must balance and complement each other
In context, the word "observation" (line 21) is analogous to
A. "Experience" (line 13)
What paradox about studies does the speaker present?
B. Those who are too consumed by studies become indolent
Which of the following does the speaker imply is the greatest error a reader can commit
D. Reading without thinking
In context, the phrase "not curiously" (line 27) means
C. Without much scrutiny
Stylistically, the sentence "Reading maketh a full man... writing an exact man" (line 34-36) is closest in structure to
A. "To spend too much time... the humor of a scholar" (line 9-12)
Which of the following best describes the organization of the first paragraph?
B. It begins with an assertion, followed by an introduction to Jim Baker and his observations, and then it presents Baker's thesis
Which of the following is an unstated assumption embedded in the fourth sentence, "I knew... so himself" (lines 4-5)
E. Jim Baker's accuracy might be suspect
One purpose of the fifth sentence in the first paragraph "He was... they made," (line 5-11) is to
D. Establish Jim Baker's credentials as an observer of animal communication
Which of the following is NOT an idea stated or implied by Jim Baker?
C. Congressmen are more analogous to blue Jays than they are to cats
Jim Baker's diction can best be described as a series of
E. Colloquial rambling
The last sentence, "A jay can... maybe better" (lines 68-72) contains which of the following stylistic features?
A. Parallel constructions
Which of the following identifies an irony between Jim Baker and blue jays?
B. Blue jays apparently have better grammar than Jim Baker
It can be inferred that the author's rhetorical purpose in this passage is to
C. Suggest subtle and humorous analogies about humanity
The last phrase of the passage, "a jay knows when he is an ass just as well ass you do-- maybe better" (lines 71-72) is intended to imply that
A. People are not always aware when they are making a fool of themselves
According to the passage, the narrator uses several names (lines 1-2) in order to
B. Deemphasize her personality
The dominant literary device used to describe the speaker's thoughts, "Thought... eating" (lines 20-32) is
B. A metaphor
In the phrase "you know the little tug" (lines 24-25), the speaker refers in the abstract to
D. The sudden awareness of an idea
The effect the Beadle has on the narrator is to
B. Cause her thoughts to retreat
It can be inferred that the narrator realizes that she cannot remember her thought because
C. It is not important enough
The lawn and library serve the purpose of
A. Symbolizing the obstacles thar women face
The passage contains all of the following rhetorical devices EXCEPT
The speaker's purpose in the passage is to
C. Illustrate how men can inhibit women's intellectual pursuits
The organization of the passage could be best characterized as
D. Description of both the physical setting and the author's thoughts
The pacing of the sentences, "But however small it was... it was impossible to sit still" (lines 35-40)
A. Reflects the acceleration of her thoughts
The speaker's description of the Beadle and the library doorman serves to
E. Satirizes the petty men who enforce the rules
The phrase "for instantly there issued... waved me back" (lines 91-95) can best be characterized as containing
D. Humorous yet realistic description
Overall, at the time of the occurrences she describes, the speaker probably felt all of the following EXCEPT
The pattern of the passage can best be described as
A. Alternating between s depiction of external reality and internal commentary
The essay's organization could best be described as
E. Comparison of and contrast between the two writers
In context, "candor" (line 28) can be interpreted to mean
In each of the following pairs of words, the first refers to Dryden, the second to Pope. Which pair best describes their prose style?
C. Unsystematic vs. harmonious
Which of the following best describes Pope's attitude toward his own writing?
B. "His parental attention never abandoned them" (line 37)
The passage's points could be more convincing if the writer were to offer
E. Specific examples from each poet's work to support his opinions
Which of the following is NOT found in the essay?
C. Dryden is the superior prose writer
Which of the following best characterizes Dryden's method of writing?
B. "[H]e poured out what the present moment happened to supply" (lines 21-23)
Although Pope did not have as strong a scholastic background as did Dryden, the writer implies that Pope
B. Had great familiarity with his subject matter
According to the passage, genius can invigorate which of the following in an author?
C. I and II only
What does the speaker suggest as the main reason that Dryden's writing style labels him a genius?
A. The apparent effortlessness of his writing
In lines 68-72 ("Dryden's page... roller"), which of the following literary devices is used to summarize the differences between Dryden's and Pope's prose?
Of the following, which is NOT a major distinction the speaker draws between Dryden and Pope?
C. Their skill in writing
In his opening sentence, the author asserts that "getting a living" should be both
B. Ethical and admirable
According to the speaker, although man must earn, money, he is indifferent to
D. Lessons of value
The speaker asserts that
A. We have forgotten the proper value of money
The "Author of the Universe" (line 11) can be interpreted as a
E. Metaphor for God
The speaker's rhetorical purpose in referring to Plato is to
C. Question whether ancient philosophers faced the same dilemmas that others do
What is the antecedent for "it" (line 55)?
D. "Wealth" (line 54)
Which of the following is the best example of aphorism?
C. "A grain of gold... a grain of wisdom" (line 80-81)
An unstated assumption of the speaker is that
E. What appears honest to one can be harmful to society
The author's comments about the California gold rush serve the purpose of
B. Illustrating how immorally men are earning a living
Which of the following negative phrases is, in context, a qualified negative?
B. "Cold and hunger" (line 18)
The essay contains all of the following rhetorical devices EXCEPT
D. Syllogistic reasoning
The sentence "A grain of gold... a grain of wisdom" (lines 80-81) can best be restated as
A. Knowledge is more valuable than gold
The tone of the essay can be described as
Which of the following is NOT part of the speaker's argument against gold-digging?
C. "I know that it is very malleable" (line 79)
Which of the following is NOT discussed in passage?
A. Man can learn to improve his lot in life
Considering the passage as a whole,one can conclude that early aviation
C. Was very dangerous but worth the effort
The effort of the short, three-word sentence in line 5 is to
E. Add emphasis to the stark reality of the near-catastrophe
The description of the actions of Lavrov and Panasiuk in lines 9-15 implies that the speaker believes Lavrov and Panasiuk
E. Proved, through their own actions, the value of quick and effective action,even at the risk of one's own life
The speaker's reference to Jules Verne serves the rhetorical purpose of
A. Establish that, only a few years before this extraordinary flight, the very idea that man could fly was science-fiction
The most important intended rhetorical effect of the quotation from Sikorsky in lines 27-33 is
D. To emphasize that this fantastic spectacle is unprecedented in human history
An unstated rhetorical purpose for the speaker's use of the word "faithful" in referring to the aircraft's four engines in line 42 is most likely
D. To create the image of the engines as living beings and as obedient servants
Following Alan Clark's quote (lines 61-62), the speaker's rhetorical purpose in adding note #4 is to
A. Reinforce the physical description of Princip through comparisons to later terrorists
The image of Sikorsky standing outside his aircraft "drinking in the bright sun and sky... living in fiction... seeing the beauty... [but] not thinking of the dark turbulent storm hidden within all that beauty" (lines 75-80) is a metaphor for
B. The coming Great War, in which the opening shots had already been fired
The phrase that most clearly identifies the author's symbolic impression of Sikorsky's specific successful flight is
B. "Sikorsky's flight... had an innocence about it that captured... the naivete of early flying" (lines 70-73)
The passage contains all of the following literary devices EXCEPT
A. Character development
The following phrases all refer to the inadequate security precautions for Franz Ferdinand EXCEPT
D. "Tiresome, ego, mare eyed, consumptive looking" (lines 61-62)
Considering the information in note #1, one can infer that the speaker
C. Has meticulously researched his subject; he relies on Sikorsky's own account, which contradicts Finne's conclusion
One can gather all of the following facts of inferences from note #5 EXCEPT
E. Security precautions in Sarajevo were particularly stringent that day
Considering the passage as a whole, the speaker's primary rhetorical purpose is to
B. Juxtapose the danger and excitement of a history-making flight with a simultaneous history-changing event in Sarajevo
In relation to the passage as a whole, the first sentence of the first paragraph presents
A. A paradox that reveals a dominant characteristic of Lord Salisbury's character
Disraeli's description of Lord Salisbury as not " a man who measures his phrases" (line 8) is an example of
Which of the following best describes the function of the second paragraph in relation to the other paragraphs of the passage?
D. It enlarges the characterization begun in the first paragraph
We can infer that Salisbury was awkward before an audience he cared little about (paragraph 2) because he
C. Maintained a patrician attitude and considered his audience as unworthy
In line 54, the word "tattoo" can be best defined as a
B. Continuous drumming
From the phrase in the third paragraph, "not in the press, not even in Punch, was Lord Salisbury ever called anything but Lord Salisbury," we can infer that Punch was probably a
D. Satirical publication
In the last sentence of the third paragraph (lines 82-87), all of the following words or phrases function as intensifiers and could be omitted EXCEPT
C. "no reason"
To which of the following would Lord Salisbury have been most likely to have shown deference?
A. The Prince of Wales
The speaker of the passage may be best described as
E. An objective commentator
In its presentation of the character of Lord Salisbury, the passage overtly makes use of all of the following sources EXCEPT the
D. Judgments of other modern historians
Which of the following does the passage present as central to an understanding of Lord Salisbury?
E. His firm belief in the native superiority of his family
The passage reveals all of the following biographical facts about Lord Salisbury EXCEPT that he
E. Became Prime Minister late in the 19th century
Wilde's choice to italicize "in your lecture" (line 7) indicates that
B. Formal presentations deserve accuracy
Wilde suggests that Forbes do all of the following EXCEPT
E. Reword the section of his lecture that discusses Wilde
All of the following can be inferred about American journalism of the 1880s EXCEPT
C. Journalistic integrity was paramount
The pronoun "it" in Wilde's remark "I do not think you should have believed it of me" (line 52) most likely refers to
C. Wilde's supposedly sneering remarks about Forbes
Forbes's use of the word "essays" as a verb (line 73) serves as a
D. Play on word regarding Wilde's correspondence with Forbes
The attitude of each author can best be described as
A. Condescending to the other and convinced of his own moral superiority
Wilde would most likely object to the quotation from Forbes's lecture in note #1 because it
E. Is a disguised attack on Wilde's notions of dress reform and aesthetics
Note #1 serves the rhetorical purpose of
B. Juxtaposing what Forbes perceives as serious issues, namely "war-torn Bulgaria" with trivial matters, namely Wilde's preoccupation with clothing
Wilde's letter of January 23 and Forbes's reply differ in that
A. Forbes is direct and confrontational; Wilde is conversational and explanatory
Wilde's second letter differs rhetorically from his first in that the second
D. Becomes less assertive and aggressive
Which of the following phrases most clearly displays Wilde's intended ironic condescension?
D. "I would speak of a man whose chivalry, whose personal bravery, and whose pluck, have won him the respect and the admiration" (lines 41-43)
All of the following are present in the opening sentence of the passage EXCEPT
C. A pedantic tone
According to the speaker, both a broomstick and a man
E. Were untainted in their natural state
According to the passage, the broomstick symbolizes
B. The goodness in nature that man uses and discards
The "axe of intemperance" (lines 21-22) can be interpreted as
E. A metaphor for man's excesses
The speaker's attitude toward mankind can best be described as
A. Disillusionment at man's deeds
Which of the following does NOT demonstrate a negative attitude by this speaker?
A. "A flourishing state in a forest" (line 3)
The word referred to by the phrase "this reasoning vegetable" (line 21) is
A. "Man" (line 17)
In context, "this our broomstick" (line 27) is a
B. Metaphor for man's pretentious character
What does the speaker imply about man's ability to be a "corrector of abuses" (line 41)?
E. Man causes problems where none previously existed
The tone of the passage can best be described as
C. Cynical toward mankind
Which of the following presents the strongest statement of the speaker's theme?
D. "Partial judges that we are of our own excellences" (lines 31-32)
The tone of the passage can best be described as
The speaker feels common people make which of the following mistakes?
C. Letting authorities tell them how to interpret literature
The phrase "The seeds of death" (lines 25-26) is a
A. A metaphor for imitative art
The speaker's criticism of those who read only older literature is tempered by the fact that he
B. Finds them entertaining and delightful
The idealized grasshopper is a symbol for
D. Artificial rather than realistic art
According to the speaker, the irony of the idealized grasshopper is that
A. It ceases to be realistic
Which of the following types of grasshopper does the speaker feel will be the slowest to become integrated into mainstream literature?
C. The simple, honest, natural grasshopper
The story of the grasshopper contains
B. Satiric humor
In context, which of the following best represents the speaker's main idea about art appreciation?
A. "Simplicity, naturalness, and honesty" (lines 11-12)
What similarity is suggested between the scientist and artist who discuss the grasshopper?
A. The models of their studies will both be artificial
Which of the following devices is NOT used in the passage?
In the passage, the author's overall attitude toward Washington, D.C., can best be described as
E. Fundamentally patronizing
The stylistic feature most prominent in the sentence "Burn the whole... that's Washington" (lines 7-23) is the use of
B. Repeated syntactical patterns
One purpose of the first paragraph is to
A. Describe the incongruous patterns that make up Washington
Which of the following rhetorical devices is used in the phrase that says the "triangle... is tingling madly all of the time" (lines 44-45)?
D. Situational irony
Which of the following pairs of details in the second paragraph most strongly contrast with each other?
D. The pig and the humans
The third paragraph differs from the other paragraphs in its use of
Which of the following images is most ironic in the third paragraph?
B. The City Lunch shop has nothing in its windows, while the next building has oysters "in every style" (line 66)
Which of the following does NOT include a degree of comic effect?
E. "It was originally chosen for the seat of Government as a means of averting the conflicting jealousies and interests of the different States" (lines 83-86)
The passage as a whole can best be characterized as
A. A critical description of Washington's appearance and atmosphere
What can one infer about Raphael's decision to modify his masterpiece, the School of Athens, by adding the "solitary philosopher" at a later date?
D. He added it after realizing his admiration for his rival, Michelangelo
The rhetorical purpose behind the speaker's description of "the thinker" is to emphasize that it
B. Visually distinguishes the lone figure by distancing him from the other Athenians
All of the following can be inferred from the description of the solitary figure EXCEPT
E. The figure may be a self-portrait by Raphael
The use of the word "double-edged" (line 33) implies that the speaker feels
C. Raphael's comparison to the disputatious Heraclitus was actually a veiled reference to Michelangelo's disputatious disposition
In his description of Heraclitus, the speaker includes all of the following ideas EXCEPT
A. He was respected for his philosophy by the citizens of Ephesus
In considering the structure of the essay as a whole, the most important rhetorical function of paragraph 5 is to
D. Reconcile the various positions on the artists; they were equally invaluable because "Raphael was beautiful by Michelangelo sublime"
All of the following describe the pensieroso EXCEPT
A. His garb is less modern than his fellow philosophers
From the lengthy description of Heraclitus, a logical conclusion is that the speaker
E. Concentrates on Heraclitus's foul disposition and acidic derision for all rivals
The speakers inclusion of not just one but two direct quotes from Heraclitus (lines 38-39) reveals that
E. Heraclitus's own words add depth and humanity to his portrait
The original School of Athens does NOT portray philosophers who are
B. Engaged in philosophical debates with Heraclitus
From his use of metaphorical language in the closing line, one can concluded that the speaker
C. Uses the metaphors to provide a powerful summation of his position
Based on the final comments, including "Raphael was beautiful but Michelangelo sublime," one can infer all of the following EXCEPT that
D. Michelangelo was obviously a superior artist
The most important rhetorical purpose for the addition of note #1 is that it provides
C. Credibility to the speaker's views by referencing another source
As to the question of whether Michelangelo was the model for the pensieroso, the information presented in note #2 implies that the speaker's conclusion is
A. Probable agreement; he dismisses the only contrary quote as "without... offering strong counterarguments"
The structure of he two sentences in lines 72-79 ("For Burke... even terror") includes which of the following?
B. Complex sentences with parallel construction
For which of the following reasons would the speaker prefer to use the word "melancholia" instead of the word "depression"?
E. I, II, and III
In line 14, the word "indifferently" can be best defined as
the speaker objects to the word "depression" to describe the disease because
B. I and II only
The phrases "wimp of a word" (line 15) and "tin ear" (line 20) are two different examples of
All of the following words or phrases contribute to creating the same meaning and effect EXCEPT
A. "Semantic damage" (line 22)
The word "brainstorm" (line 34) can probably not be used to replace the word "depression" because
D. II and III only
In the sentence in lines 37-45 ("Told that someone's... have bad days"), the speaker
A. I only
In line 45, the speaker refers to the phrase "nervous breakdown" in order to
B. Give an example of an inadequate phrase that is losing its currency
Of the following, which would the speaker probably prefer to use to describe a man suffering from acute depression?
C. Utterly desolated
The passage makes use of all of the following EXCEPT
Of the following, which best describes the speakers attitude toward the use of the word "depression"?
E. Strong resentment
Which of the following best describes the rhetorical purpose of the passage/
B. To criticize the inadequacy of the word "depression"
Which of the following is a central idea of this passage?
A. The denotation of a word may not adequately represent what it really means
As it is used in line 13, the word "periods" may be best defined as
In line 25, the word "ones" refers to
In the second paragraph, the shift from the first sentence (line 15-21) to the second sentence (lines 21-27) can be best described as one from
D. Figurative to literal
The comparison of lines 15-21 ("Secondly... only by tale") likens words to
E. The binding of a book
In the first and second paragraphs, the speaker supports his arguments by the use of
In line 32, the word "fair" is best understood to mean
The third paragraph of the passage (lines 28-34) is an example of
C. A periodic sentence
In line 48, "substances" are contrasted with
Which of the following best identifies how the ideas in the first five paragraphs in the passage can be grouped?
E. Paragraphs 1 and 2; paragraphs 3 and 4; paragraph 5
Which of the following best describes the relation of the last paragraph to the rest of the passage
D. It sums up the contents of the first five paragraphs
Which of the following is the meaning of the word "chimeras" that can be inferred from its use in the last sentence of the passage (line 70)?
A. Fanciful illusions
Which paragraph describes a person who misunderstands the meaning of the word refuse and instead uses it to mean agree?
D. The fourth (lines 35-47)
In which paragraph does the passage deal with a speaker or writer who would use the word "apple" to denote a fruit, an animal, and an article of footwear?
C. the third (lines 28-34)
Which of the following does the passage use as a synonym for "word"?
E. I, II, and III
In line 8, the phrase "brief miscellany" is best defined as a
C. Small hodgepodge
In the phrase "shoals of untended pickups, rusting balers, and new backhoes" (lines 11-12), the speaker compares vehicles and farm equipment with
A. Shallow places
The third paragraph (line 29-45) contains an example of
E. First-person commentary
From the third and fourth paragraphs, we can infer that Wyoming would have appealed to Thoreau because of its
In their context in this passage, the fourth and fifth paragraphs function to
D. Develop two ideas presented in the third paragraph
The passage suggests that Thoreau rather than Jefferson has more in common with all of the following EXCEPT
B. Brigham Young
The effect of the parenthetical remark "now they go on the powwow circuit in smoky colored vans" in lines 65-66 is to
A. I only
The rhetorical function of the last paragraph of the passage (lines 73-87) is to
E. Introduce new ideas about the relation of architecture and politics
All of the following could be called examples of what the passage defines as an architecture built with a "hierarchical intention" (lines 75-76) EXCEPT
C. The towns of Mormon "colonists"
The passage suggests that all of the following are paradoxical pairs EXCEPT
D. Thomas Jefferson and Brigham Young
Of the following paragraphs int he passage, which one is NOT concerned with the architecture of Wyoming or its designers/
B. The second (lines 14-18)
The passage contrasts all of the following EXCEPT
E. The priests and the rulers of the Middle Ages
Which of the following best describes this passage?
C. A discursive discussion of the architecture of Wyoming, America, and Europe
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