Moderate Growth. Declining CBR. (Couples having fewer kids. Education causes women to want to pursue careers, depending on location. Rural families have more kids so they can help on the farm, but urban families have few kids because more kids equals more space, and more space equals more money.) NIR lowering, but not at 0 (still expanding). (Larger cities with economies comprised of industry, technology, and services, but not as much as agriculture. Strong infrastructure, healthcare and EDUCATION. Continual improvement in lowering the IMR. NIR going up, but not as fast. Living standard improved. NIR getting smaller means that gap between the CBR and CDR is getting smaller.) Large number of countries in the world are in this stage. EX. Brazil.