100 terms

RAH, Final US History 2nd Semester

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Terms in this set (...)

Father of Fascism
Benito Mussolini
Notorious Nazi
Adolph Hitler
Genocide
the deliberate and systematic killing of an entire population
Pearl Harbor
December 7, 1941, Japan attacks the largest United States Naval Base in Hawaii
Coup d'etat
an overthrow, the sudden and forced seizure of a state
Reparations
the compensation for war damage paid by a defeated state
Manhattan Project
the US program to develop an atomic bomb for use in WWII
Hiroshima
August 6 B-29 bomber named Enola Gay released an atomic bomb codenamed "Little Boy" on this military city
Nagasaki
an atomic bomb codename "Fat Boy" was dropped three days later when Japan refused to surrender
United Nations
April 25, 1945, the representatives of 50 Nations met in San Francisco to establish this new peacekeeping body
Mao Zedong
Leader Communist China
• Ruled in Northern China
• Relied heavily on aid from Soviet Union
• Attracted peasants with promises of land reform
• Benefited from experienced guerilla army and a highly motivated leadership
Chiang Kai shek
Leader Nationalists China
* Ruled in Southern and Eastern China
* Relied heavily on aid from United States
* Struggled with inflation and a failing economy
* Suffered from weak leadership and poor morale
Containment
taking measures to prevent any extensions of movement or rule to other countries
Fair Deal
President Harry S. Truman's economic program
• An extension of FDR's New Deal, which included
• Measures to increase the minimum wage
• Extend social security
• Provide housing for low income families
Baby Boom
sharp increase in the US birthrate after WWII
Urbanization
The growth of cities
Oldest President Elected
Ronald Reagan
The Bay of Pigs
The 1961 Bay of Pigs Invasion was an unsuccessful attempted invasion by armed Cuban exiles in southwest Cuba, planned and funded by the United States, in an attempt to overthrow the government of Fidel Castro. This action accelerated a rapid deterioration in Cuban-American relations, which was further worsened by the Cuban Missile Crisis the following year.
New Frontier
President John F Kennedy's legislative program
which included proposals to provide medical care
for the elderly, to rebuild blighted urban areas, to
aid education, to bolster the national defense,
to increase international aid and to expand the
space program
Lee Harvey Oswald
On November 22, 1963, he assassinated President Kennedy who was riding downtown Dallas, Texas.
Warren Commission
The U.S. commission in charge with investigating the assassination of JFK. It came to the conclusion that Oswald was alone in his actions and advised to reform presidential security measures.
Great Society
LBJ's program to reduce poverty and racial injustice and to promote a better quality of life in the United States
Ho Chi Minh
He helped to create the Indochinese Communist Party of North Vietnam.
* Continued to orchestrate Vietnam's growing independence movement
Tonkin Gulf Resolution
A resolution adopted by Congress in 1964 giving the President broad powers to wage war in Vietnam
Tet Offensive
A massive surprise attack by the Viet Cong on south Vietnamese towns and cities early in 1960
Vietnam Conflict
It pitted the communist government of North Vietnam and its allies in South Vietnam, known as the Viet Cong, against the government of South Vietnam and its principal ally, the United States
NAACP
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, founded in 1909 to abolish segregation and discrimination, to oppose racism and to gain civil rights for African Americans, got Supreme Court to declare grandfather clause unconstitutional
Rosa Parks
1. December 1, 1959, a seamstress and an NAACP Officer took a seat in the front row of the "colored" section of a Montgomery bus. As the bus filled up
the driver ordered Parks and 3 other African Americans to empty the row, so a white man could sit without have to sit next to any African Americans.
2. She refused to move and was arrested.
Martin Luther King
* A pastor who was elected to form the Montgomery Improvement Association
• United Africans to fight segregation
• "Soul Force" his brand of non violent resistance
• He taught the refusal to obey an unjust law
• To love one's enemies
• Resist opposition without violence
• Organize massive demonstrations
First President to Resign
Richard Nixon
Kerner Commission
a group that was appointed to President Johnson to study the causes of urban violence and that recommended the elimination of de facto segregation in American society
Malcolm X
* his father was allegedly killed by white racists
• while in prison joined the Nation of Islam,
• became an Islamic minister, preached that whites were the cause of the black condition and that blacks should separate from white society
Cesar Chavez
A Mexican American farm worker, tried to organize a union for California's mostly Spanish speaking
Feminism
the belief that women should have economic, political and social equality with men
Counterculture
A movement made up mostly of white, middle class college youths who had grown up disillusioned with the war in Vietnam and injustices in America during the 1960's.
**Instead of challenging the system, they tried to establish a whole new society based on peace and love.
SALT 1 Treaty
A five year agreement between the United States and the Soviet Union, signed in 1972, that limited the nations' numbers of intercontinental ballistic missiles and submarine launched missiles.
Détente
The flexible policy involving a willingness to negotiate and an easing of tensions that was adopted by President Nixon and his advisor Henry Kissinger in their dealings with communist nations.
Watergate
A scandal arising from the Nixon administration's attempt to cover up its involvement in the 1972 break in at the Democratic National Committee Headquarters in the Watergate apartment complex
Extensions of Cold War
Vietnam War
Korean War
Between Communism and Ca
Cold War Causes
Arms Race
Space Race
World territorial influence competition
Conflicts in other places
Cold War Superpowers
Soviet Union
United States
Nixon's Downfall
A series of bitter court battles, the U.S. Supreme Court unanimously ruled that the president was obligated to release the tapes to government investigators, and he eventually complied. These audio recordings implicated the president, revealing he had attempted to cover up activities that took place after the break-in and to use federal officials to deflect the investigation.
New Deal
Roosevelt's, contained 3 main goals: to provide assistance to millions of needy Americans, to improve the level of the economy, and to pass laws to eradicate poverty and unemployment. "People called this the three R's: recovery, relief and reform".
March on Washington
1963, Jobs and Freedom, was one of the largest political rallies for human rights in United States history and demanded civil and economic rights for African Americans
Sandra Day O'Connor
first women appointed to the Supreme Court
AIDS
a disease caused by a virus that weakens the immune system, making the body prone to infections and otherwise rare forms of cancer
Glasnost
the open discussion of social problems that was permitted in the Soviet Union in the 1980's
Perestroika
the restructuring of economic and government instituted in the Soviet Union in the 1980's
James Earl Ray
assassinated Martin Luther King
Sirhan Sirhan
assassinated Robert Kennedy
Why did the US dislike Castro?
The US and Cuba were best friends 1898-1959. Cuba was a US territory for a time, and was considered for admission into the union.
In 1953 Fidel Castro led a communist revolution against the Cuban Batista government. Because the United States was friendly with Batista's government and hostile to communism (what with the Cold War going on) the US opposed Castro and supported Batista.
"All I have I would have gladly given..."
Lyndon B. Johnson
"Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country"
John Kennedy
"I am not a crook"
Richard Nixon
"I have a dream..."
Martin Luther King
"Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall"
Ronald Reagan
"That's one small step for man, one...."
Neil Armstron
"This is a day which will live in infamy"
Franklin D Roosevelt
"We have nothing to fear but fear itself"
Franklin D Roosevelt
Harry S Truman
Became President in 1945, when FDR died in office at the end of WWII
* "The buck stops here"
* Goal was to spread democracy to nations that had been under Nazi control
US aims in Europe
* Create a new world order in which all nations
had the right of self-determination
• Gain access to raw materials and markets for its
industries
• Rebuild European governments to ensure stability
and to create new markets for American goods
• Reunite Germany, believing that Europe would be
more secure if Germany were more productive
Soviet aims in Europe
* Encourage communism in other countries as part of the worldwide struggle between workers and the
wealthy
• Rebuild its war ravaged economy using Eastern
Europe's industrial equipment and raw materials
• Control Eastern Europe to balance U.S. influence
in Western Europe
• Keep Germany divided and weak so that it would never again threaten the Soviet Union
D-Day
June 6, 1944, first day of the invasion of Normandy
in northern France by Allies codename Operation Overlord
V-E Day
Victory in Europe Day, May 8, 1945
General Eisenhower accepted unconditional surrender
from the Third Reich
Yalta Conference
Big Three, Roosevelt, Stalin and Churchill met
• United Nations
• divide Germany into four parts, one zone each for Americans, Russians, Britain and French
Axis Powers
Germany, Italy and Japan
1981
Aids emerged as a national crisis
1961 - 1989
Berlin wall built, Berlin wall torn down
1954
Brown vs. Board of Education
1945 - 1991
Cold War Begins and Ends
1962
Cuban Missile Crisis
1955
Emmitt Till incident
1955 - 1956
Montgomery Bus Boycott
1979
Energy Crisis under President Ford
1974
First President Resigns, Nixon
1960
First televised presidential debate
1954
Geneva Accords - France over Vietnam
1965
JFK Assassinated
1950 - 1953
Korean War
1977 - 1981
Majority of Carter's Presidency
1968
My Lai Massacre
1973
Saturday Night Massacre
1957
Sputnik Launched
1945
United Nations Founded
1969
US puts first man on moon
1969
Woodstock
1965 - 1973
Vietnam War
1945
Yalta Conference
President Roosevelt
1933 - 1945, President during the Great Depression, WWII. New Deal, First 100 days
President Eisenhower
1953 - 1961,
US President who sent military advisors to Vietnam and decided that the "Domino Theory" would be America's philosophy and reason for entering the Vietnam War
President Kennedy
1961 - 1963 President during, the Bay of Pigs Invasion, the Cuban Missile Crisis, the building of the Berlin Wall, the Space Race, the American Civil Rights Movement and early events of the Vietnam War.
President Johnson
1963 - 1969
US President who took a major role in escalating the Vietnam War and was the first president to send troops
President Nixon
1969 - 1974
Escalated Vietnam War
First President to resign
Gerald Ford
1977 - 1981
Camp David Accords
Energy Crisis
Stagflation
Ronald Reagan
1981 - 1989
Iran hostages freed
Communism fell in Soviet Union
George H W Bush
1989 - 1993
republican, former director of CIA, oil company founder/owner, foreign policy, Gulf War, North American Free Trade agreement, went back on promise not to raise taxes
Bill Clinton
1993 - 2001
1992 and 1996; Democrat; Don't Ask Don't Tell policy implemented by Congress, Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993, Travelgate controversy; Operation Desert Fox (4 day bombing campaign in Iraq); Scandals: Whitewater controversy, Lewinsky scandal (impeached and acquitted), Travelgate controversy, Troopergate; first balanced budget since 1969
George W Bush
2001-2009
President of the US who began a campaign toward energy self-sufficiency and against terrorism in 2001. Used republican control of congress to pass major tax cuts (by 1 vote both times). Became increasingly conservative. Launched a war on terror following the terrorist attacks on 9/11
Barack Obama
2009 to present; first African American president of the US, health care bill; Gulf of Mexico oil spill disaster; economy: huge stimulus package to combat the great recession, is removing troops from Iraq, strengthened numbers in Afghanistan;
Won Nobel Peace Price
Jimmy Carter
1977 - 1981
From Plains GA. Did not support segregation laws. GA Senator, Governor, and U.S. President. Was president during Camp David Accords and the Iranian Hostage Crisis. Very active as a past president with humanitarian work.
Won Nobel Peace Prize

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